Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Pictorialist Photographs of California Missions by Louis Fleckenstein
Dates: ca. 1920
Collection Number: photCL 411
Fleckenstein, Louis, 1866-1943
Extent: 33 photographs in 1 box; photographs 13 x 10 cm. (5 x 4 in.).
Huntington Library. Photo Archives
Abstract: This disbound album contains early 20th century pictorial photographs of California mission ruins taken by Louis Fleckenstein;
most notable are San Juan Capistrano, San Juan Bautista, San Luis Obispo, and San Fernando Rey. Also included are photographs
of smaller missions and Catholic churches, such as San Antonio de Pala Asistencia, Church of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels,
and the Royal Presidio Chapel.
Language of Material: English
Access is granted to qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact the Curator of Photographs at the Huntington
All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Photographs. Permission
for publication is given on behalf of the Huntington as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or
imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.
Pictorialist Photographs of California Missions by Louis Fleckenstein. Huntington Library. Photo Archives
Partial gift from Jonathan Stein and partial purchase from Paul Kopeikin in August 1998.
Louis Fleckenstein was born in 1866 in Faribault, Minnesota and began a career as a painter. He began to delve into photography
when his wife gave him a camera in 1895. Over time, Fleckenstein became involved in pictorial photography, focusing on the
beauty of subject matter over reality. He founded the Salon Club of America in 1903, and was appointed Director.
In 1907, Fleckenstein moved to Los Angeles and opened a portrait studio there. Seven years later, he founded the Camera Pictorialists
of Los Angeles. Around 1920, he photographed the California missions, seeing them as good subjects in their ruined state for
atmospheric prints; his photographs helped fuel the public’s interest in the missions’ romantic image.
Fleckenstein moved to Long Beach in 1924, where he continued to work with pictorial photography until his death in 1943.
Scope and Content of Collection
This disbound photo album holds pictorial photographs of Missions San Carlos Borromeo, San Francisco Solano, San Gabriel Arcangel,
San Juan Capistrano, San Jose, La Purísima Concepción, San Luis Obispo, San Miguel Arcangel, Nuestra Señora de la Soledad,
San Antonio de Pádua, San Buenaventura, San Fernando Rey, San Francisco de Asís, San Juan Bautista, San Luis Rey, Santa Barbara,
Santa Clara, San Diego, and Santa Inés.
Churches and missions that are also shown are Plaza Church (also known as the Church of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels),
the Royal Presidio Chapel (also known as San Carlos Cathedral), and San Antonio de Pala Asistencia.
Catholic church buildings
Mission San Antonio de Pala
Mission San Carlos Borromeo (Carmel, Calif.)
Mission San Francisco Solano (Sonoma, Calif.)
Mission San Gabriel Arcangel (San Gabriel, Calif.)
Mission San Juan Capistrano
Mission San Jose (Alameda County, Calif.)
Mission La Purísima Concepción (Calif.)
Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa (San Luis Obispo, Calif.)
Mission San Miguel Arcangel (San Miguel, Calif.)
Nuestra Señora de la Soledad (Mission : Calif.)
Plaza Church (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Royal Presidio Chapel (Monterey, Calif.)
San Antonio de Pádua (Mission)
San Buenaventura Mission
San Fernando, Rey de España (Mission : San Fernando, Calif.)
San Francisco de Asís Mission (San Francisco, Calif.)
San Juan Bautista (Mission : San Juan Bautista, Calif.)
San Luis Rey Mission (Calif.)
Santa Barbara Mission
Santa Clara Mission
San Diego Mission
Santa Inés Mission (Solvang, Calif.)