Source: Biographies of Western Photographers by Carl Mautz: Born in Allenton, Pennsylvania, December 20, 1864. Worked in
a photographic parlor in Philadelphia, 1877-78; operated his own parlor in Allenton, ca. 1878-82; in real estate business
in Kansas City, ca. 1882-88. Partner in photographic studio in Los Angeles with Lamson, opposite the Hollenbeck Hotel, 1888-90;
opened his own gallery, 1890. Located at 220 South Spring Street, 1896; 336 1/2 South Broadway, 1905-20s.