Werner von Boltenstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection

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William H. Hannon Library
Loyola Marymount University
One LMU Drive, MS 8200
Los Angeles, CA 90045-8200
Phone: (310) 338-5710
Fax: (310) 338-5895
Email: special.collections@lmu.edu
URL: http://library.lmu.edu/
© 2014
Loyola Marymount University. All rights reserved.

Werner von Boltenstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection

Collection number: 050

William H. Hannon Library

Loyola Marymount University

Los Angeles, California
Processed by:
Dr. Errol Stevens, Melanie Hubbard
Date Completed:
1997 or before; 2013
Encoded by:
Clay Stalls
© 2014 Loyola Marymount University. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Werner von Boltenstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection
Dates: 1937-1949
Collection number: 050
Creator: Werner von Boltenstern
Collection Size: 15 negative and print boxes; 1 legal size archival document box
Repository: Loyola Marymount University. Library. Department of Archives and Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90045-2659
Abstract: The Werner von Boltenstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection consists of negatives and photographs of Shanghai, China, in the later 1930s and 1940s. Especially valuable are the images of Jewish refugees from Nazi-ruled Europe living in Shanghai.
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English
Digitized collection materials available online.

Access

Collection is open to research under the terms of use of the Department of Archives and Special Collections, Loyola Marymount University.

Publication Rights

Materials in the Department of Archives and Special Collections may be subject to copyright. Unless explicitly stated otherwise, Loyola Marymount University does not claim ownership of the copyright of any materials in its collections. The user or publisher must secure permission to publish from the copyright owner. Loyola Marymount University does not assume any responsibility for infringement of copyright or of publication rights held by the original author or artists or his/her heirs, assigns, or executors.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Box and Sleeve number, Werner von Boltenstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection, 050, Department of Archives and Special Collections, William H. Hannon Library, Loyola Marymount University.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Werner von Boltenstern, probably in 1967. Accession number: 1997.6

Processing Information

Dr. Errol Stevens, at unknown date, housed and arranged the Werner von Boltenstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection. Work-study student Kristy Forsyth wrote a brief description of the collection in the early 2000s. Melanie Hubbard wrote an overview of the collection in 2013, as well as creating a spreadsheet of the box and folder list.

Biography/History

Werner von Boltenstern Biography
Werner von Boltenstern (1904-1978) was born in Berlin, Germany, and supposedly earned two doctorates. He also developed a keen interest in photography and postcards. A world traveler beginning in 1929, von Boltenstern, as suggested by his occupation of photographer, is probably responsible for the photographs and negatives in the Shanghai Jewish Refugee Collection. He is, at least, responsible for collecting them.
Von Boltenstern moved to the United States by 1950 (Southern California). Von Boltenstern was also a keen collector of postcards, and his passion for them was realized here. He became the program director of the Southern California Postcard Club and authored numerous pieces on postcards, including the pamphlet "An Introduction to Postcard Collecting," a fine guide to this pursuit. His own collecting was prodigious, as evidenced by his million postcard collection, which he donated to Loyola Marymount University in 1967, where it is now the " Werner von Boltenstern Postcard Collection ."
An Outline of the History of the Shanghai Jewish Refugee Community
Home to Sephardic Jews since the nineteenth century, and to Ashkenazi Jews after the Russian Revolution, Shanghai made a logical landing point for German Jews and other European Jews fleeing the persecution of Nazi Germany of the 1930s, especially since no visas were required for admittance. After the brutality of the infamous Kristallnacht of 1938, Jewish refugees from Germany and Austria fled to Shanghai; their number there reached 17,000. Most Jews settled in the Hongkew area of the International Settlement (the area of Shanghai exclusively for foreigners, especially British and American, and which had legal autonomy). They earned their living through running small cottage industries and small businesses, and through various professions and trades, eg, doctor or teacher. Yeshivas provided strong reinforcement of Jewish culture, religion, and heritage. The large number of refugees meant that charity was essential at least for their initial support in Shanghai, and international Jewish organizations assisted ably in this.
China's war with Japan meant the latter's takeover of Shanghai by 1937, and after Japan went to war with the United States in 1941, the Japanese military took over the International Settlement, ending its autonomy. Japanese authorities considered the foreign Jews of Shanghai stateless, and in 1943, for reasons of security, forced them into an area of the International Settlement that became their ghetto. Mobility and economic life were restricted there—"shond khay" (a shame of a life) is how the ghetto was described in Yiddish. There was no genocide, though, for Japanese authorities would not hand over the Jews to German officials.
Japan's defeat in 1945 meant the liberation of the ghetto, which gradually lost its Jewish residents as they left for Israel after its founding in 1948 or fled the Communist takeover of Shanghai in the Chinese civil war in 1949, often choosing Israel.
Thus, the Werner von Boltenstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection documents photographically one of the more important Jewish refugee communities established by Jews after fleeing the Holocaust. This visual record establishes the collection as a fundamental source for the history of this community, as well as an indirect memorial to these victims of Nazi Germany.
Much of the information in this essay comes from:

Collection Description

This collection consists of 621 negatives and 166 photographs documenting Jewish refugee life in Shanghai from 1937 through 1949, as well as life in general in Shanghai. The collection chiefly contains negatives, which come in different mediums and formats: gelatin dry plate, cellulose nitrate, cellulose acetate, sheet film, and roll film from 35mm to 3.5 inches x 4.25 inches. The photographs are all black and white and are no larger than 4 inches x 5 inches.
Information on individual negatives and photographs is printed on the archival sleeves in which the items are now stored. This includes dates and captions that describe the subject of the negative or photograph. The source of this information is uncertain, but probably came from the information recorded on the original storage container of a photograph or a negative. Sleeves have been renumbered; the old numbering system is in parentheses, both on the sleeve itself as well as the entry for an image in the box and folder list. Items should be cited by sleeve number that is not in parentheses.
The collection contains images of Chinese life: examples include the photographs of a sports rally for schoolchildren in Shanghai (Box 1a), the railroad station (Box 1b), Chinese theater (Box 8), and glassblowing (Box 2a).
Of the 787 images in the collection, 435 concern Jewish life in Shanghai, making this collection a critical source for the study of one of the more important (and unexpected) faces of Jewish refugee life during the Holocaust. 324 are negatives on acetate; forty-five are photographs; and sixty-six are negatives on glass. Examples of subjects of the images include the following. Box 3, Sleeve 1, contains a negative of the "Tabarin," apparently a nightclub that a Felix Wolf ran and perhaps named after the famous Paris nightclub. The same box also contains numerous negatives of Jewish kindergarten schoolchildren, while Box 4 contains street scenes of the area where Jewish refugees lived. Box 5c contains photographs of personal documents of Jewish refugees ranging from a possible German immigration document to a medical diploma.
In March 2015, the negatives and photographs in Box 8 were discovered, and then processed. They were originally stored in numbered, onion-skin like sleeves, which were placed in letter envelopes. The envelopes and the sleeves contained the date and a description of the subject of the photograph and negative. These envelopes cum sleeves with their numbering may have been part of a filing system. The photographs and negatives were removed from the sleeves and envelopes, which were then photocopied to preserve the original source of the information. The photocopies are found in the folders in which the photographs and negatives are stored. The numbers assigned on the sleeves are also recoreded in the box and folder entries, and the date and description in the entry in the box and folder list are also taken from that found on the envelopes and sleeves.
This collection probably came to Loyola University (now Loyola Marymount University) in 1967, when German expatriate Werner von Boltenstern (1904-1978) donated his million postcard collection to the university. Von Boltenstern was a world traveler, who documented his travels by photography. His official personal records, eg, his passport and Chinese identity card, establish that he was in Shanghai in the late 1930s and the 1940s, and that his occupation was that of photographer. This evidence suggests that he most likely took these photographs.
Responsible for much of the information in this collection description is Melanie Hubbard, Digital Scholarship Librarian at the William H. Hannon Library, Loyola Marymount University.
On-Line Digital Collection
The contents of the Werner von Boltenstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection have been digitized and are now on-line . As "crowdsourcing' makes identification of some of the photographs more complete, this information will be added to the appropriate entry in the box and folder list.

Arrangement

The photographs and negatives in this collection are arranged by subject, eg, the materials on the College St. Jeanne d'Arc, are found in the same box or boxes.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Jewish refugees -- China -- Shanghai -- History -- 20th century
Jewish refugees--China--Shanghai--Photographs
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
World War, 1939-1945 -- Refugees -- China -- Shanghai
Jewish ghettos -- China -- Shanghai -- History -- 20th century -- sources
City and town life -- China -- Shanghai
Photography -- China -- Shanghai

Digital Collection

The photographs and negatives of the Werner von Boltenstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection have been digitized and can be viewed by selecting the following title:

Box and Folder List

Box 1a, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Japanese Temple. Negative on Glass. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Chinese Summer House. Negative on Glass. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Chinese Summer House. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; St. Mary's Hospital; Monument. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Roman Cathloic Church; Interior. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 6

Shanghai, China; Sacred Heart Church; Interior. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 7

Shanghai, China; St. Francisco Xavier College; Main building. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 8

Shanghai, China; Railway Station. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 9

Shanghai, China; View. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 10

Shanghai, China; View. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 11 (1)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 12 (2)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Main building. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 13 (3)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Main building. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 14 (4)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Christmas. Negative on Glass. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 15 (5)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Christmas. Negative on Glass. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 16 (6)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Christmas. Negative on Glass. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 17 (7)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Floodwater after typhoon. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 18 (8)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Floodwater after typhoon. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 19 (9)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Visitors. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 20 (10)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Visitors. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 21 (11)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 22 (12)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 23 (13)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 24 (14)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 25 (1)5

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 26 (16)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports, Obstacles for a bicycle. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 27 (17)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports, Obstacles for a bicycle. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 28 (18)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports, Children. Negative on Acetate. 1937

Box 1a, Sleeve 29 (1)

Shanghai, China; Waterfeast. Negative on Acetate. 1946

Box 1a, Sleeve 30 (2)

Shanghai, China; Waterfeast. Negative on Acetate. 1946

Box 1a, Sleeve 31 (1)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 32 (2)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 33 (3)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 34 (4)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 35 (5)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 36 (6)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 37 (7)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 38 (8)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 39 (9)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 40 (10)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 41 (11)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 42 (12)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 43 (13)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 44 (14)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 45 (15)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 46 (16)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 47 (17)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 48 (18)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 49 (19)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 50 (20)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 51 (21)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 52 (22)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 53 (23)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 54 (24)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1a, Sleeve 55 (25)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Negative on Acetate. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Japanese Temple. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Chinese Summer House. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Chinese Summer House. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; Monument. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Roman Catholic Church, interior. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 6

Shanghai, China; Sacred Heart Church, interior. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 7

Shanghai, China; St. Francisco Xavier College, main building. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 8

Shanghai, China; Railway station. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 9

Shanghai, China; View. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 10

Shanghai, China; View. Photograph.

Box 1b, Sleeve 11 (1)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 12 (2)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Main building. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 13 (3)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Main building. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 14 (4)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Christmas. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 15 (5)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Christmas. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 16 (6)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Christmas. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 17 (7)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Floodwater after typhoon. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 18 (8)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Floodwater after typhoon. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 19 (9)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Visitors. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 20 (10)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Visitors. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 21 (11)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 22 (12)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 23 (13)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 24 (14)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 25 (15)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 26 (16)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports, Obstacles for a bicycle. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 27 (17)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports, Obstacles for a bicycle. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 28 (18)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sports, Children. Photograph. 1937

Box 1b, Sleeve 29 (1)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 30 (2)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 31 (3)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 32 (4)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 33 (5)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 34 (6)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 35 (7)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 36 (8)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 37 (9)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 38 (10)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 39 (11)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 40 (12)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 41 (13)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 42 (14)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 43 (15)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 44 (16)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 45 (17)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 46 (18)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 47 (19)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 48 (20)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 49 (21)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 50 (22)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 51 (23)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 52 (24)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 1b, Sleeve 53 (25)

Shanghai, China; College St. Jeanne d'Arc; Sportsmeeting. Photograph. 1947

Box 2a, Sleeve 1 (N)

Shanghai, China; Bilingual Rent Reciept. Negative on Glass. 1942

Box 2a, Sleeve 2 (N)

Shanghai, China; Chinese Letter. Negative on Glass. 1942

Box 2a, Sleeve 3 (N)

Shanghai, China; Japanese occupation residence certificate. Negative on Glass. 1944

Box 2a, Sleeve 4 (N)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Immigrant. Negative on Acetate. 1948

Box 2a, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Musicians at a funeral procession. Negative on Acetate. 1948

Box 2a, Sleeve 6 (1)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 7 (2)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 8 (3)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 9 (4)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 10 (5)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 11 (1)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 12 (2)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 13 (3)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 14 (4)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 15 (5)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 16 (1)

Shanghai, China; Sports. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 17 (2)

Shanghai, China; Sports. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 18 (1)

Shanghai, China; Monument. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 19 (2)

Shanghai, China; Monument. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 20 (1)

Shanghai, China; House. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 21 (2)

Shanghai, China; House. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 22

Shanghai, China; Man with child in a basket. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 23

Shanghai, China; Woman. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 24

Shanghai, China; children on a bicycle. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 25

Shanghai, China; Chinese figures. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2a, Sleeve 26

Shanghai, China; Devils bridge. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 1 (P)

Shanghai, China; Bilingual Rent Reciept. Photograph. 1942

Box 2b, Sleeve 2 (P)

Shanghai, China; Chinese Letter. Photograph. 1942

Box 2b, Sleeve 3 (P)

Shanghai, China; Japanese occupation residence certificate. Photograph. 1944

Box 2b, Sleeve 4 (P)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Immigrant. Photograph. 1948

Box 2b, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Musicians at a funeral procession. Photograph. 1948

Box 2b, Sleeve 6 (1)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 7 (2)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 8 (3)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 9 (4)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 10 (5)

Shanghai, China; Tea House. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 11 (1)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 12 (2)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 13 (3)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 14 (4)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 15 (5)

Shanghai, China; glassblowing. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 16 (1)

Shanghai, China; Sports. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 17 (2)

Shanghai, China; Sports. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 18 (1)

Shanghai, China; Monument. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 19 (2)

Shanghai, China; Monument. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 20 (1)

Shanghai, China; House. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 21 (2)

Shanghai, China; House. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 22

Shanghai, China; Man with child in a basket. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 23

Shanghai, China; Woman. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 24

Shanghai, China; children on a bicycle. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 25

Shanghai, China; Chinese figures. Photograph. 1949

Box 2b, Sleeve 26

Shanghai, China; Devils bridge. Photograph. 1949

Box 3, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Tabarin (Felix Wolf). Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Tabarin (Felix Wolf). Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Tabarin (Felix Wolf). Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; Tabarin (Felix Wolf). Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Tabarin (Felix Wolf). Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 6 (1)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 7 (2)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 8 (3)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 9 (4)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 10 (5)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 11 (6)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 12 (7)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 13 (8)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 14 (9)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 15 (10)

Shanghai, China; Kinchow School. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 16 (1)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 17 (2)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 18 (3)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 19 (4)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 20 (5)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 21 (6)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 22 (7)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 23 (8)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 24 (9)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 25 (10)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 26 (11)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 27 (12)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 28 (13)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 29 (14)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 30 (15)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 31 (16)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 32 (17)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 33 (18)

Shanghai, China; Cathedral School; Fun Fair. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 34(1)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 35 (2)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 36 (3)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 37 (4)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 38 (5)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 39 (6)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 40 (7)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 41 (8)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 42 (9)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 43 (10)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 44 (11)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 45 (12)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 46 (13)

Shanghai, China; Frank's Flower Expo. Negative on Acetate. 1940

Box 3, Sleeve 47

Shanghai, China; Devils bridge. Negative on Acetate. 1948

Box 3, Sleeve 48

Shanghai, China; Bridge over a creek. Negative on Acetate. 1948

Box 3, Sleeve 49 (1)

Shanghai, China; Jewish kindergarten. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 50 (2)

Shanghai, China; Jewish kindergarten. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 51 (3)

Shanghai, China; Jewish kindergarten. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 3, Sleeve 52 (4)

Shanghai, China; Jewish kindergarten. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 4, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 6

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 7

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 8

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 9

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 10

Shanghai, China; Second Hand Clothes. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve (11) 1

Shanghai, China; Characters written on a wall. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 12 (2)

Shanghai, China; Characters written on a wall. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 13 (3)

Shanghai, China; Characters written on a wall. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 14

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 15

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 16

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 17

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 18

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 19

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 20

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 21

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 22

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 23

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 24

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 25

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 26

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 27

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate (Broken plate). 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 28

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 29

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 30

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 31

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 32

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 33

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 34

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 35

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street (Broken plate). Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 36

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 37

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 38

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 39

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 40

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 41

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 42

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 43

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 44

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 45

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 46

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 47

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 48

Shanghai, China; Doctor's house. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 49

Shanghai, China; Chinese Musician for a German Radio Station Shanghai (XGRS). Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 50

Shanghai, China; Pawn Shop. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 4, Sleeve 51

Shanghai, China; Pawn Shop. Negative on Acetate. 1949

Box 5a, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Sailboat in Shanghai. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 5a, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Ba-tze-ta Pagoda of Soochow, China. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 5a, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Boats on a creek. Negative on Acetate. 1939

Box 5a, Sleeve 4 (1)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 5 (2)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 6 (3)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 7 (4)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 8 (5)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 9 (6)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 10 (7)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 11 (8)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 12 (9)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 13 (10)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 14 (11)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 15 (12)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 16 (13)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 17 (14)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 18 (15)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 19 (16)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 20 (17)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 21 (18)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 22 (19)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 23 (20)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 24 (21)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 25 (22)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 26 (23)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 27 (24)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5a, Sleeve 28 (25)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 1 (26)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 2 (27)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 3 (28)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 4 (29)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 5 (30)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 6 (31)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 7(32)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 8 (33)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 9 (34)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 10 (35)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 11 (36)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 12 (37)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 13 (38)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 14 (39)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 15 (40)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 16 (41)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 17 (42)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 18(43)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5b, Sleeve 19 (44)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Negative on Glass. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Sailboat in Shanghai. Photograph. 1939

Box 5c, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Ba-tze-ta Pagoda of Soochow, China. Photograph. 1939

Box 5c, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Boats on a creek. Photograph. 1939

Box 5c, Sleeve 4 (1)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 5 (2)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 6 (3)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 7 (4)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 8 (5)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 9 (6)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 10 (7)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 11 (8)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 12 (9)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 13 (10)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 14 (11)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 15 (12)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 16 (13)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 17 (14)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 18 (15)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 19 (16)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 20 (17)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 21 (18)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 22 (19)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 23 (20)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 24 (21)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 25 (22)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 26 (23)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 27 (24)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 28 (25)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 29 (26)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 30 (27)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 31 (28)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 32 (29)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 33 (30)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 34 (31)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 35 (32)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 36 (33)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 37 (34)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 38 (35)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 39 (36)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 40 (37)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 41 (38)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 42 (39)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 43 (40)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 44 (41)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 45 (42)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 46 (43)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 5c, Sleeve 47 (44)

Shanghai, China; Jewish Refugee Document. Photograph. 1945

Box 6a, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 6

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 7

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 8

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 9

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 10

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 11

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 12

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 13

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 14

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 15

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 16

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 17

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 18

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 19

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 20

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 21

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Schuschan Teatrical Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 22

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Schuschan Teatrical Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 23

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Schuschan Teatrical Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 24

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theatrical Show. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 25

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theatrical Show. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 26

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theatrical Show. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 27

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theatrical Show. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 28

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theatrical Show. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 29

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theatrical Show. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 30

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theatrical Show. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 31

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theatrical Show. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 32

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 33

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 34

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 35

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 36

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 37

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 38

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 39

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 40

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 41

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 42

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 43

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 44

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6a, Sleeve 45

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Pander Bellkchoff Performance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Family portrait. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Family portrait. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man sitting in front of a starway to a building. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man being pulled in a carriage. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Girl with a baby in a baby car. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 6

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Mr. Morimodo. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 7

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Beatrice Singer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 8

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Carioca (Bar or soda fountain?). Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 9

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Carioca (Bar or soda fountain?). Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 10

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Eis Zinkower group musicians. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 11

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Two men in front of a building. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 12

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Two men loading a cart. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 13

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Two men loading a cart. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 14

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman in a store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 15

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Mr. Meyer-Broadway store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 16

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Mr. Meyer-Broadway store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 17

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman cooking. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 18

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman cooking. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 19

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Quisisano hot dog stand. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 20

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Quisisano hot dog stand. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 21

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Clothing store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 22

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Two men in a clothing store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 23

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Women in shoe store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 24

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Bicycle with carriage. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 25

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman seated in a carriage attached to a bicycle. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 26

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman with a two-person bicycle. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 27

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman sewing. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 28

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman sewing. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 29

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman sewing. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 30

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man standing in front of building. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 31

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Interior of a house. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 32

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Interior of a house. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 33

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man waiting in line. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 34

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man waiting in line. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 35

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man waiting in line. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 36

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man waiting in line. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 37

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Jungmann's Kaffeestube. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 38

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Entbindungsheim. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 39

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Entbindungsheim. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 40

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man wearing an armband. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 41

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Men wearing armbands. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 42

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Men standing outside temple. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 43

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Men standing outside temple. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 44

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Children around tables with adults. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 45

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Children around tables with adults. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 46

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Adler's Transportation Company. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 47

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Adler's Transportation Company. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 48

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Children around a table. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 49

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Children around a table. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 50

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Children around tables with adults. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 51

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Grave of Max Hirschell. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 52

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman doing office work. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 53

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Men and women gathered around a table. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 54

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Eight years of Jewish Refugees in Shanghai pictures on a wall. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 55

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Stove. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 56

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman with a child. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 57

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman serving food. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 58

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Men wearing armbands. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 59

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Men wearing armbands. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 60

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Men wearing armbands. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 61

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Group of men. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 62

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Broadway ambulance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 63

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Broadway ambulance. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 64

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Doctor. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 65

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Doctor. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 66

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Two person bicycle. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 67

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man and woman at a shop. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 68

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Waitress. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 69

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Waitress. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 70

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Whrmann & Company Tailors. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 71

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Whrmann & Company Tailors. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6b, Sleeve 72

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; European Tailors (?). Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 6

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 7

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 8

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 9

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 10

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 11

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 12

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Soccer. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 13

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Men with an [ELY] truck. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 14

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Men with an [ELY] truck. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 15

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 16

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 17

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 18

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 19

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 20

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 21

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 22

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Teddy suits store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 23

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Teddy suits store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 24

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Michel store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 25

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Michel store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 26

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Esco Universal Store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 27

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; "Exquisite" Store. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 28

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Boris only cash care. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 29

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Boris only cash care. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 30

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Boris only cash care. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 31

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Boris only cash care. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 32

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Boris only cash care. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 33

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Express Café. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 34

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wiener-Konditorei [Restaurant]. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 35

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Restaurant. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 36

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Bar. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 37

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Bar. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 38

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Bar. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 39

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 40

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 41

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 42

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 43

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 44

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 45

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 46

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 47

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 48

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 49

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 50

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 51

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 52

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Victoria Produce Company. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 53

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; [Bann] Band. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 54

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; [Bann] Band. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6c, Sleeve 55

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; [Bann] Band. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Carpenters. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Carpenters. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Carpenters. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Carpenters. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Carpenters. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 6

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Workers. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 7

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Workers. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 8

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Workers. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 9

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Workers. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 10

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Workers. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 11

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Workers. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 12

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Workers. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 13

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Workers. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 14

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 15

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 16

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 17

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 18

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 19

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 20

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 21

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 22

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 23

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 24

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Wedding. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 25

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Hochzeit: Baroukh-Samuel. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 26

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Hochzeit: Baroukh-Samuel. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 27

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Hochzeit: Baroukh-Samuel. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 28

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Hochzeit: Baroukh-Samuel. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 29

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Hochzeit: Schwartz-Gerber. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 30

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Hochzeit: Schwartz-Gerber. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 31

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Group of people. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 32

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Group of people. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 33

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Group of people. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 34

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Group of people. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 35

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Graduation. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 36

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Couple. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 37

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Müller, Goldene Hochzeit. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 38

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman walking on a street. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 39

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 40

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 6d, Sleeve 41

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1939

Box 7a, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Documents written in German. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Documents written in German. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Document, U.S. Civilian Employment Driver's Permit. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Windsor-Japan Party, May 26, 1941. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Group of People around a car. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 6

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Group of People around a car. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 7

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Professor Wittenberg, cello, piano and violin. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 8

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Group of people. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 9

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 10

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Two woman. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 11

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 12

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Inga Michelson. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 13

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 14

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Lewinsky with a dog. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 15

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 16

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 17

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Mitsue Oketoni. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 18

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; [Rumjanek]. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 19

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; [E. Rumjanek]. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 20

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 21

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 22

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Lewin. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 23

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Richard Stein. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 24

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 25

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Herbert Zernick with dog. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 26

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 27

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man in house. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 28

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man in house. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 29

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man in house. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 30

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 31

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man smoking pipe. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 32

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man and woman. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 33

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man and woman. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 34

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man and woman. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 35

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man and woman. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 36

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man and woman. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7a, Sleeve 37

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man and woman. Negative on Glass. 1938-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 1

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Glass. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 2

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 3

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 4

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 5

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 6

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Street. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 7

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; City. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 8

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Lumber yard. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 9

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Lumber yard. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 10

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Sewing factory. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 11

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Loading a truck. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 12

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Loading a truck. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 13

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Loading a truck. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 14

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Freundlich clothing store. Negative on Glass. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 15

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Office. Negative on Glass. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 16

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Office. Negative on Glass. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 17

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Office. Negative on Glass. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 18

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Restaurant. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 19

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Bar/Restaurant. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 20

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Bar. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 21

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Bar. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 22

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Boris only cash café. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 23

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Boris only cash café. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 24

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; gastwirte. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 25

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; gastwirte. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 26

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; gastwirte. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 27

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; gastwirte. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 28

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; couples dancing; gastwirte. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 29

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; People around tables; gastwirte. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 30

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; People around tables. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 31

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; People around tables. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 32

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Tabarin Nightclub. People seated at table; includes Fritzi Shwartz (seated, center right) and husband Max Shwartz (seated to her left). Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 33

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; People around tables. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 34

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; People around tables. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 35

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; couples dancing; gastwirte. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 36

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; People sitting at tables in a bar. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 37

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Girls at a bar (Elite Bar). Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 38

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Elite Bar. Negative on Glass. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 39

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman playing accordion. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 40

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; People in a bar (Imperial). Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 41

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Couples dancing. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 42

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Theater. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 43

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 44

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Man and woman. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 45

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Woman, man and boy. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 46

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Two women. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 47

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; woman (Bertriz singer). Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 48

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Bicyclist. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 49

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Medical clinic; Broadway ambulance. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 50

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Child at a gate. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 51

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Child at a gate. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 52

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Children. Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 53

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Box with pan in it. Negative on Glass. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 54

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; (Bar/soda fountain) Imperial. Negative on Acetate. 1938-1940

Box 7b, Sleeve 55

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; Table (Byrne). Negative on Acetate. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 56

Shanghai, China; Jewish Community; House. Negative on Glass. 1939-1948

Box 7b, Sleeve 57

Shanghai, China; Tombstone for Regina Pollack. Negative on Acetate. undated. NOTE: Death date on tombstone 1936

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 1

Shangahi (China). Chinese boat on the Wang Po River. No. 1274. Negative on acetate and photograph. 1937

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 2

Chinese theater at Shangahi, China. Nos. 957-962; 984-993. 8 photographs and 8 film negatives. 1949

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 3

Chinese Horse Carriage (sic) at Lanchowfu, China. Lanchowfu (China). Farmers Carriage. NOTE: Transprotation recorded on negative is an ox cart but misidentified as horse carriage by caption on sleeve originally storing negative. Negative on acetate and photograph. No. 818. 1947

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 4

Chinese Mill at LAnchowfu, China. Negative on acetate and photograph. No. 821. 1947

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 5

Chinese Memorial at Zose, China. Negative on acetate and photograph. No. 1224. 1937

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 6

Chinese Memorialstone at Lanchowfu, China.... in a cemetery. Negative on acetate and photograph. No. 802. 1947

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 7

Chinese musicians. Photograph. undated

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 8

Chinese sculpture. Photographic postcard. undated

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 9

Chinese Skin Raft (Pi-fadse) at Lanchowfu, China... on dry hround (sic). The single piece of wood is the rudder. Negative on acetate and photograph. No. 821. 1947

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 10

Chinese family tombs at Shanghai, China. Shanghai country side (China). Chinese family tombs. Negative on acetate and photograph. No. 1268. 1937

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 11

Chinese Waterwheels at Lanchowfu, China.... for irrigation covered with snow in wintertime. Photograph and negative on acetate. No. 815. Lanchowfu (China)) Waterwheels - for irrigation on the Huangho - river. Negative on acetate and photograph. No. 801. 1947

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 12

Chinese Theater at Shanghai, China. 11 photographs and 10 film negatives. Nos. 963-972. 1949

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 13

Chinese Theater at Shanghai, China. 10 photographs and 10 film negatives. Nos. 973-976; 977-983. 1949

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 14

Chinese Floating Mill at Lanchowfu, China.... at the Huangho River. Negative on acetate and photograph. No. 820. 1947

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 15

Chinese Bridge at Zose, China. Photograph and negative on acetate. No. 1206. 1937

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 16

China --- Architecture. Bamboo hutts (sic) along the Zikawei Creeek at Shanghai, China. ORNE on file. Zikawei / Shanghai (China). Chinese hutts (sic) along a river. No. 1299. Photograph and gelatin glass dry plate negative. 1937 or 1939

Box 8, Folder-Sleeve 17

China --- Architecture. Bridge. Chinese bridge with watchtower at Kunming,--China. ORNE on file. Gelatin glass dry plate negative and photograph. 1937 or 1939