Inventory of the Javier Benedet papers

Processed by David Jacobs.
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2012
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the Javier Benedet papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
David Jacobs
Date Completed:
2012
Encoded by:
Machine-readable finding aid derived from Microsoft Word and MARC record by Beth Goder.
© 2012 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Title: Javier Benedet papers
Dates: 1900-1977
Collection Number: 2013C11
Creator: Benedet, Javier
Collection Size: 22 manuscript boxes, 10 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (14.8 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: The Javier Benedet papers contain significant materials relating to the Spanish Civil War and to fundraising efforts in Northern California on behalf of the Republican side in that conflict. The papers also provide documentation on the plight of Republican refugees in the aftermath of the Civil War and on the political life of the Spanish anti-fascist diaspora in France, Mexico, and other countries.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: The collection is in Spanish with some materials in English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Javier Benedet papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2012.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Related Materials

Burnett Bolloten papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Leo Eloesser papers, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical Note

1904 Born, Siete Iglesias, Valladolid, Spain
1910-1925 Lives in Mexico and is apprenticed as a bullfighter
1925-1969 Works as a waiter in San Francisco, California
1930s-1970s Secretary, Acción Demócrata Española. Active in fundraising on behalf of the Spanish Republic
1969-1985 Works as a bartender in Mill Valley, California
1990 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

The Javier Benedet papers contain significant materials relating to the Spanish Civil War and to fundraising efforts in Northern California on behalf of the Republican side in that conflict. The papers also provide documentation on the plight of Republican refugees in the aftermath of the Civil War and on the political life of the Spanish anti-fascist diaspora in France, Mexico, and other countries. In terms of volume, the Benedet papers presently constitute the second largest collection (after the Burnett Bolloten papers) in the archives pertaining to the Spanish Civil War.
In the 1930s, Benedet was a founding member of Acción Demócrata Española, a political organization based in San Francisco and comprised largely of Spanish expatriates and immigrants. During the civil war that engulfed Spain in 1936-1939, the organization campaigned on behalf of the Spanish Republic and against the rightwing forces headed by Francisco Franco. By means of public appeals, festivals, and concerts, Acción Demócrata Española raised money that was sent to Republican Spain in aid of children affected by the war and, when the conflict was over, on behalf of Spanish refugees in France and elsewhere. Affiliated with the Sociedades Hispanas Aliadas, Acción Demócrata Española participated in the political life of the Spanish emigration in North America, maintaining a general anti-fascist orientation amidst the often bitter divisions among Spanish Republican factions. Its fundraising activities continued into the 1970s.
As secretary of Acción Demócrata Española in San Francisco, Benedet played a key role both within the organization and as its public representative within the Hispanic community of Northern California. The organizational records series includes correspondence, minutes of meetings, and publicity materials used in the fundraising efforts of Acción Demócrata Española. There are a small number of writings by Benedet in the speeches and writings series. In addition to a number of monographs and pamphlets relating to Spanish politics, the large printed matter series contains copies of the many journals and newspapers received by Benedet before, during, and after the Spanish Civil War. These materials reflect a wide spectrum of political thought on the Republican side and include anarchist, socialist, communist, and independent publications. Also included in this series are numerous issues of España libre, the newspaper of the Sociedades Hispanas Confederadas in the United States and a major forum for Spanish Republican opinion after the end of the civil war.
The collection also contains a number of posters relating to the Spanish Civil War and to various fiestas in Northern California organized by Acción Demócrata Española. There is also an original artwork by a child depicting a scene of aerial combat during the civil war.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into 6 series: Organizational records; Speeches and writings; Photographs; Printed matter; Oversize materials; Oversize folder.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Spain--History--Civil War, 1936-1939.
Spain--History--Civil War, 1936-1939--Refugees.
Spain--Emigration and immigration.
Spaniards--United States.
Acción Demócrata Española


Collection Contents

Box: 1-6

Organizational records 1932-1976

Scope and Content Note

Contains correspondence, financial records, minutes of meetings, publicity materials, and reports relating to Acción Demócrata Española and other organizations
Box/Folder: 1 : 1

Comité de Acción Republicana Española, minutes of meetings and printed matter, 1932-1933

Box: 1

Acción Demócrata Española

Box: 1

Correspondence and financial records, 1942-1968

Box: 1

General, 1939-1965

Box/Folder: 1 : 2

1939-1942

Box/Folder: 1 : 3

1950-1965

Box/Folder: 1 : 4

Eimil, Segundo, 1968

Box/Folder: 1 : 5

Eloesser, Leo, 1947-1965

Box: 1

Fundraising records and publicity materials, 1961-1974

Box/Folder: 1 : 6

1961

Box/Folder: 1 : 7

1963

Box/Folder: 1 : 8

1964

Box/Folder: 1 : 9

1973

Box/Folder: 1 : 10

1974

Box: 2

Minutes of meetings, 1942-1945

Box/Folder: 2 : 1

1942

Box/Folder: 2 : 2

1943

Box/Folder: 2 : 3

1944-1945

Box: 2

Correspondence, financial records, and reports, 1939-1976

Box/Folder: 2 : 4

1939-1940

Box/Folder: 2 : 5

1940-1970

Box/Folder: 2 : 6

1940-1973

Box/Folder: 2 : 7

1943

Box/Folder: 2 : 8

1956-1976

Box/Folder: 2 : 9

Printed matter, 1946-1972

Box: 3

Correspondence, financial records, and reports, 1936-1973

Box/Folder: 3 : 1

1936-1938

Box/Folder: 3 : 2

1939-1940

Box/Folder: 3 : 3

1942

Box/Folder: 3 : 4-5

1944-1945

Box/Folder: 3 : 6

1946-1947

Box/Folder: 3 : 7

1949

Box/Folder: 3 : 8

1965-1973

Box: 3

Sociedades Hispanas Aliadas, 1938-1940

Box/Folder: 3 : 9

Minutes, 1938-1939

Box/Folder: 3 : 10

Correspondence, 1938-1940

Box/Folder: 4 : 1

Minutes, 1937

Box/Folder: 4 : 2

Correspondence, 1938-1941

Box: 4-6

Acción Demócrata Española 1937-1968

Box: 4

Brochures, leaflets, newsletters, and programs, 1939-1949

Box/Folder: 4 : 3

1939

Box/Folder: 4 : 4

1943-1949

Box/Folder: 4 : 5

Minutes, 1946

Box/Folder: 4 : 6

Reports and publicity materials, 1937-1939

Box: 4

Correspondence, 1939-1968

Box/Folder: 4 : 7

1939-1947

Box/Folder: 4 : 8

1943-1948

Box/Folder: 4 : 9

1946-1948

Box/Folder: 4 : 10

1967-1968

Box: 5

Financial records, minutes, and reports, 1937-1950

Box/Folder: 5 : 1

1937-1942

Box/Folder: 5 : 2

1938-1946

Box/Folder: 5 : 3

1939-1941

Box/Folder: 5 : 4

1940-1941

Box/Folder: 5 : 5

1947-1950

Box: 5

Correspondence, 1938-1949

Box/Folder: 5 : 6

1938-1947

Box/Folder: 5 : 7

1941-1946

Box/Folder: 5 : 8

1947-1949

Box/Folder: 6 : 1

Leaflets and announcements, 1942-1945

Box: 6

Correspondence, 1938-1958

Box/Folder: 6 : 2

1938-1958

Box/Folder: 6 : 3

1939-1969

Box/Folder: 6 : 4

1945-1946

Box/Folder: 6 : 5-8

Miscellaneous programs and publicity materials, 1930-1975

Box/Folder: 6 : 9

Speeches and writings 1929-1960

Scope and Content Note

Contains articles and speeches by Javier Benedet
Box/Folder: 7 : 1

Photographs 1940-1974

Box: 7-22

Printed matter 1900-1977

Scope and Content Note

Largely relating to the Spanish Civil War and Spanish politics, contains bulletins and newsletters; clippings; monographs; pamphlets; and serial issues
Box: 7

Bulletins and newsletters

Box/Folder: 7 : 2

General, 1937-1962

Box: 7

Spanish Newsletter, 1951-1960

Box/Folder: 7 : 3

1951-1956

Box/Folder: 7 : 4

1957-1960

Box/Folder: 7 : 5

Clippings, 1931-1962

Box: 7-11

Monographs, 1904-1977

Box/Folder: 7 : 6-14

1904-1928

Box/Folder: 8 : 1-11

1929-1937

Box/Folder: 9 : 1-12

1937-1940

Box/Folder: 10 : 1-8

1942-1944

Box/Folder: 11 : 1-11

1946-1977

Box: 12-13

Pamphlets, 1900-1975

Box/Folder: 12 : 1

1900-1929

Box/Folder: 12 : 2

1930-1935

Box/Folder: 12 : 3

1936-1937

Box/Folder: 12 : 4

1938-1939

Box/Folder: 12 : 5

1940-1949

Box/Folder: 12 : 6

1950-1952

Box/Folder: 13 : 1

1953-1959

Box/Folder: 13 : 2

1960-1961

Box/Folder: 13 : 3

1962-1964

Box/Folder: 13 : 4

1974-1975

Box: 13-22

Serial issues, 1928-1975

Box: 13

General, 1928-1960

Box/Folder: 13 : 5

1928-1933

Box/Folder: 13 : 6

1937-1938

Box/Folder: 13 : 7

1939

Box/Folder: 13 : 8

1942-1956

Box/Folder: 13 : 9

1959-1966

Box/Folder: 13 : 10

Acción socialista, 1957-1960

Box/Folder: 13 : 11

CÉNIT, 1957-1959

Box/Folder: 13 : 12

Claridad, 1929

Box/Folder: 14 : 1-2

Comunismo, 1933-1934

Box/Folder: 14 : 3

Correspondencia internacional, 1932-1935

Box/Folder: 14 : 4

Democracía española, 1938

Box/Folder: 14 : 5-31

Documentos politicos, 1928-1929

Box/Folder: 15 : 1

España dia a dia, 1939-1940

Box/Folder: 15 : 2

España peregrine, 1940

Box: 15-16

Estudios, 1932-1937

Box/Folder: 15 : 3

1932

Box/Folder: 15 : 4-5

1933

Box/Folder: 16 : 1-2

1934

Box/Folder: 16 : 3

1935

Box/Folder: 16 : 4

1936

Box/Folder: 16 : 5

1937

Box/Folder: 16 : 6-11

Estudios sociales, 1945

Box/Folder: 17 : 1

Facetas de actualidad, 1938-1940

Box: 17-20

Hispano americano, 1954-1961

Box/Folder: 17 : 2-44

1954

Box/Folder: 18 : 1-48

1955

Box/Folder: 19 : 1-37

1956

Box/Folder: 20 : 1-35

1957

Box/Folder: 20 : 36

1961

Box/Folder: 21 : 1

Ibérica por la libertad, 1960-1962

Box/Folder: 21 : 2

Internacional comunista, 1933

Box/Folder: 21 : 3

Liberación, 1955-1957

Box/Folder: 21 : 4

La Līberecana sīntezo, 1938

Box/Folder: 21 : 5

Masses & Mainstream, 1952-1953

Box/Folder: 21 : 6

Mundo obrero, 1974-1975

Box/Folder: 21 : 7

Nuestra bandera, 1974-1975

Box/Folder: 21 : 8

Nuestra España, 1939-1940

Box/Folder: 21 : 9

La Protesta, 1929

Box/Folder: 21 : 10

Punto crítico, 1972

Box/Folder: 22 : 1

Revista blanca, 1930-1933

Box/Folder: 22 : 2

Revista universal, 1934-1935

Box/Folder: 22 : 3

Tiempos nuevos, 1935-1937

Box/Folder: 22 : 4

Tierra y libertad (Mexico), 1956-1960

Box: 23-32

Oversize materials 1929-1976

Scope and Content Note

Contains serial issues, calendars, drawing, musical score, political button, posters and proclamations, and tickets
Box: 23-31

Serial issues, 1929-1975

Box: 23

General, 1929-1964

Box/Folder: 23 : 1

1929-1939

Box/Folder: 23 : 2

1946-1964

Box/Folder: 23 : 3

Claridad, 1935-1936

Box/Folder: 23 : 4

CNT marítima, 1935-1936

Box/Folder: 23 : 5

Crónica, 1938

Box/Folder: 23 : 6

España nueva, 1946-1950

Box: 23

Frente popular, 1938-1939

Box/Folder: 23 : 7

1938

Box/Folder: 23 : 8

1939

Box/Folder: 24 : 1

Heraldo de Madrid, 1931

Box/Folder: 24 : 2

Izquierda republicana, 1957-1959

Box/Folder: 24 : 3

Liberación, 1946

Box/Folder: 24 : 4

México antifranquista, 1947-1948

Box/Folder: 24 : 5

Nosotros, 1930-1932

Box/Folder: 24 : 6

Nuestra época, 1932

Box/Folder: 24 : 7

Nueva república, 1955-1958

Box/Folder: 24 : 8

Patria, 1938

Box/Folder: 24 : 9

Il Proletario, 1936

Box/Folder: 24 : 10

Revolución, 1946-1948

Box/Folder: 24 : 11

Le socialiste, 1962

Box/Folder: 24 : 12

Solidaridad, 1948

Box/Folder: 24 : 13

Umbral, 1937

Box: 25-28

España libre, 1942-1975

Box/Folder: 25 : 1-95

1942-1950

Box/Folder: 26 : 1-112

1951-1954

Box/Folder: 27 : 1-88

1955-1957

Box/Folder: 28 : 1-79

1958-1975

Box: 29

Adelante, 1954-1959

Box/Folder: 29 : 1

1954-1956

Box/Folder: 29 : 2

1957-1959

Box/Folder: 29 : 3

CNT, 1956-1960

Box/Folder: 29 : 4

Cultura proletaria, 1938-1953

Box/Folder: 29 : 5

España popular, 1946-1948

Box/Folder: 29 : 6

Faro, 1937

Box/Folder: 29 : 7

La Lucha, 1934

Box/Folder: 29 : 8

The Militant, 1952-1957

Box: 30

Mundo obrero, 1932-1938

Box/Folder: 30 : 1

1932

Box/Folder: 30 : 2

1933

Box/Folder: 30 : 3

1934-1938

Box/Folder: 30 : 4

La Nouvelle Espagne antifasciste, 1938

Box/Folder: 30 : 5

El Pueblo, 1934-1935

Box/Folder: 30 : 6

Renovación, 1934

Box/Folder: 30 : 7

El Socialista (Madrid), 1934

Box/Folder: 30 : 8

El Socialista (Toulouse), 1958-1961

Box: 31

Solidaridad obrera (Barcelona), 1932-1938

Box/Folder: 31 : 1

1932-1937

Box/Folder: 31 : 2

1937-1938

Box/Folder: 31 : 3

Solidaridad obrera (Mexico City), 1946-1962

Box/Folder: 31 : 4

Solidaridad obrera (Paris), 1956-1960

Box/Folder: 31 : 5

La Tierra, 1932-1935

Box: 31

Tierra y libertad (Barcelona), 1937-1938

Box/Folder: 31 : 6

1937-1938

Box/Folder: 31 : 7

1938

Box/Folder: 31 : 8

Tierra y libertad (Mexico City), 1945-1956

Box/Folder: 31 : 9

Voz de los españoles, 1939

Box/Folder: 31 : 10

Voz de Madrid, 1938-1939

Box/Folder: 32 : 1

Calendars published by the Sociedades Hispanas Confederadas and Solidaridad Internacional Antifascista, 1939-1948

Box/Folder: 32 : 2

Child's drawing depicting a scene from the Spanish Civil War, 1937

Box/Folder: 32 : 3

"Himno de la República," musical score transcribed by Felipe Osta, 1939

Box/Folder: 32 : 4

Political button with slogan in support of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, 1937

Box: 32

Posters and proclamations, 1936-1976

Box/Folder: 32 : 5

1936-1937

Box/Folder: 32 : 6

1938-1950

Box/Folder: 32 : 7

1962-1976

Box/Folder: 32 : 8

Tickets for fundraising events sponsored by Acción Demócrata Española and the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, 1948-1965

Map Case Oversize folder

Posters, 1937-1943

Scope and Content Note

Contains five posters relating to the Spanish Civil War and a solidarity campaign in Mexico on behalf of Spanish refugees