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Inventory of the Javier Benedet papers
2013C11  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Collection Summary

    Title: Javier Benedet papers
    Dates: 1900-1977
    Collection Number: 2013C11
    Creator: Benedet, Javier
    Collection Size: 22 manuscript boxes, 10 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (14.8 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The Javier Benedet papers contain significant materials relating to the Spanish Civil War and to fundraising efforts in Northern California on behalf of the Republican side in that conflict. The papers also provide documentation on the plight of Republican refugees in the aftermath of the Civil War and on the political life of the Spanish anti-fascist diaspora in France, Mexico, and other countries.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: The collection is in Spanish with some materials in English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Javier Benedet papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2012.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Related Materials

    Burnett Bolloten papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Leo Eloesser papers, Hoover Institution Archives

    Biographical Note

    1904 Born, Siete Iglesias, Valladolid, Spain
    1910-1925 Lives in Mexico and is apprenticed as a bullfighter
    1925-1969 Works as a waiter in San Francisco, California
    1930s-1970s Secretary, Acción Demócrata Española. Active in fundraising on behalf of the Spanish Republic
    1969-1985 Works as a bartender in Mill Valley, California
    1990 Died

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Javier Benedet papers contain significant materials relating to the Spanish Civil War and to fundraising efforts in Northern California on behalf of the Republican side in that conflict. The papers also provide documentation on the plight of Republican refugees in the aftermath of the Civil War and on the political life of the Spanish anti-fascist diaspora in France, Mexico, and other countries. In terms of volume, the Benedet papers presently constitute the second largest collection (after the Burnett Bolloten papers) in the archives pertaining to the Spanish Civil War.
    In the 1930s, Benedet was a founding member of Acción Demócrata Española, a political organization based in San Francisco and comprised largely of Spanish expatriates and immigrants. During the civil war that engulfed Spain in 1936-1939, the organization campaigned on behalf of the Spanish Republic and against the rightwing forces headed by Francisco Franco. By means of public appeals, festivals, and concerts, Acción Demócrata Española raised money that was sent to Republican Spain in aid of children affected by the war and, when the conflict was over, on behalf of Spanish refugees in France and elsewhere. Affiliated with the Sociedades Hispanas Aliadas, Acción Demócrata Española participated in the political life of the Spanish emigration in North America, maintaining a general anti-fascist orientation amidst the often bitter divisions among Spanish Republican factions. Its fundraising activities continued into the 1970s.
    As secretary of Acción Demócrata Española in San Francisco, Benedet played a key role both within the organization and as its public representative within the Hispanic community of Northern California. The organizational records series includes correspondence, minutes of meetings, and publicity materials used in the fundraising efforts of Acción Demócrata Española. There are a small number of writings by Benedet in the speeches and writings series. In addition to a number of monographs and pamphlets relating to Spanish politics, the large printed matter series contains copies of the many journals and newspapers received by Benedet before, during, and after the Spanish Civil War. These materials reflect a wide spectrum of political thought on the Republican side and include anarchist, socialist, communist, and independent publications. Also included in this series are numerous issues of España libre, the newspaper of the Sociedades Hispanas Confederadas in the United States and a major forum for Spanish Republican opinion after the end of the civil war.
    The collection also contains a number of posters relating to the Spanish Civil War and to various fiestas in Northern California organized by Acción Demócrata Española. There is also an original artwork by a child depicting a scene of aerial combat during the civil war.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into 6 series: Organizational records; Speeches and writings; Photographs; Printed matter; Oversize materials; Oversize folder.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Spain--History--Civil War, 1936-1939.
    Spain--History--Civil War, 1936-1939--Refugees.
    Spain--Emigration and immigration.
    Spaniards--United States.
    Acción Demócrata Española