This collection consists of typed manuscripts for
The Crow Indians, volumes 1 and 2, and
Buffalo Days and Danger Trails - Biography of Two-Leggings, volumes 1 and 2 by William Wildschut, as well as correspondence between Wildschut and Southwest Museum director F. W. Hodge dated between
1941 and 1942.
Two Leggings (ca. 1847-1923) was one of the last Crow Warriors. From 1919 to 1923, he told his story of Crow life and wars
to William Wildschut, an ethnologist with the Museum of the American Indian.Born Willem Wildschut on March 30, 1883, in Jisp, the Netherlands, Wildschut managed factories and with his family moved frequently
between the Netherlands, Canada, and the western United States. Around 1918, his company transferred him to Billings, Montana,
and he was immediately fascinated by the Apsáalooke peoples and started purchasing objects from them. In 1922, George Gustav
Heye bought Wildschut's collection of medicine bundles from him for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. After
this initial purchase, Wildschut officially collected and conducted field expeditions in Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Canada,
and North Dakota on behalf of the Museum. Wildschut was a member of the Explorer’s Club, was a Freemason, and published several
articles in the Museum's series Indian Notes. On May 1, 1928, Heye was forced to let Wildschut go for lack of funds. Wildschut
died in Oakland, California on January 7, 1955. Several books based on his manuscripts and field notes were published after
his death by Heye, Peter Nabokov, and John C. Ewers.
Copyright has not been assigned to the Autry National Center. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts
must be submitted in writing to the Autry Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Autry National Center
as the custodian of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must
also be obtained by the reader.