Guide to the Robert and Eva Tharp Collection, 1902-2004

Special Collections & Archives

Oviatt Library

California State University, Northridge
18111 Nordhoff St.
Northridge, CA 91330
URL: http://library.csun.edu/SCA
Email: oviattsca@csun.edu
Phone: (818) 677-2832
Fax: (818) 677-2589
© Copyright 2013 Special Collections & Archives. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Collection Title: Robert and Eva Tharp Collection
Dates: 1902-2004
Identification: OCH/RNT
Creator: Tharp, Robert and Eva
Physical Description: 1.79 linear feet
Language of Materials:

English

Chinese
Repository: Old China Hands Archives
Abstract: Robert and Eva Tharp were both born in China to missionary parents, and both took on missionary work in China individually and after they married in 1938. After the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941, Robert was imprisoned by the Japanese, and after his release 8 months later the Tharps moved to India where they worked as liaisons between Chinese and Indian citizens and for the British government. They returned to China to continue their mission work, but were forced to flee to America in the wake of the Communist takeover in 1949. In the United States, Robert worked as a Chinese instructor for the Defense Language Institute and the Yale Institute for Far Eastern Languages. The Tharps also opened Chinese restaurants in the Monterey area in the 1970s, and were active in the Chinese community in the area. In 1994, Eva published Robert's autobiographical work, They Called Us White Chinese . The collection consists of items related to both Robert and Eva's family and experiences in China, their careers in the United States, and the publication of They Called Us White Chinese .

Biographical Information:

Robert Tharp was born in 1913 to British missionary parents in the Jehol Province of Manchuria. Evangeline (Eva) Kok was born in 1914 in Yunnan, China, to Dutch missionary parents. In 1918, the family moved to Peking (Beijing), where her father served as the First Chancellor of the Netherlands Legation in China. Eva attended the Peking American School, graduating in 1931. She then attended the Moody Bible Institute in Chicago, and returned to China to perform mission work after graduating in 1936.
Starting in 1934, Tharp did full-time missionary work in China, with Eva joining him after they married in 1938. After the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941, when Japan gained control of Manchuris, Tharp was jailed for nearly eight months while Eva was placed on house arrest. After his release the Tharps worked in New Delhi, India, as a liaison between Chinese and Indian citizens, and then for the British Ministry of Information monitoring Chinese transmissions and writing counter-propaganda. The Tharps returned to China as missionaries after the war; but fled in 1949 as communist forces advanced across the country. Their escape took over a month, after which they were able to travel to San Francisco, California.
In the U.S., the Tharps were almost deported, as they were unable to clear up issues of citizenship, but on the day of their deportation Tharp received a position at the Army Language School, now called the Defense Language Institute. He taught Chinese there for three years, before accepting a position on the faculty at the Yale Institute of Far Eastern Language, where Eva received a teaching position as well.
The Tharps eventually returned to the San Francisco area, where Eva opened a popular takeout restaurant, Eva's Jyaudz Factory, and in 1976 Robert opened the first Mandarin Chinese restaurant in Monterey, the Old Peking. Robert Tharp also wrote an autobiographical novel about his and Eva's experiences in China, They Called Us White Chinese, which was published in 1994 by Eva after Robert passed away in 1993. Eva continued to correspond with friends and former students until she became ill in January of 2004, and passed in August of that year.

Access Terms

This Collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Genre/Form of Material:

Ephemera
Paper records
Photographic material
Publications

Administrative Information

Processing Information:

Tim Kaufler (Intern), 2013

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Conditions Governing Access:

This collection is open for research use.

Preferred Citation:

[Identification of item], [date], Robert and Eva Tharp Collection , Special Collections and Archives, Oviatt Library, California State University, Northridge.

Related Materials:

Arrangement of Materials:

Series I: Family and Personal Materials, 1924-2002
Series II: Friends and Colleagues, 1943-2000
Series III: Mission Work and Professional Employment, circa 1930-1989
Series IV: They Called Us White Chinese, circa 1920-2004
Series V: Publications, 1902-1996

Scope and Contents

The Robert and Eva Tharp Collection consists of items related to both Robert and Eva's family and experiences in China, their careers in the United States, and the publication of They Called Us White Chinese. The collection is divided into five series: Family and Personal Materials (1924-2002), Friends and Colleagues (1943-2000), Mission Work and Professional Employment (circa 1930-1989), They Called Us White Chinese (circa 1920-2004), and Publications (1902-1996).
Series I, Family and Personal Materials, consists of ephemera. photographs, articles, personal narratives, mendicant chants, correspondence and genealogical information written by or related to the Tharps and their family members. Also included are the Tharp's passports, driver's licenses, and applications for United States visas and citizenship.
Series II, Friends and Colleagues, consists of correspondence and articles written by or about Tharp family friends and colleagues, usually discussing their experiences in China.
Series III, Mission Work and Professional Employment, consists of materials related to both Robert and Eva's various mean of employment and their mission work. This includes the Inland China Mission, Robert's work in shipping cases and importing cars into China, his work as a Chinese professor, and Eva's Jyuadz Factory.
Series IV, They Called Us White Chinese, consists of photographs used in the book, and correspondence sent to Eva by readers ordering additional copies, talking about the book, and sharing their own stories of living in China.
Series V, Publications, consists of advertisements for books by other Old China Hands, as well as articles and books collected by the Tharps related to China and the Peking American School.

Collection Contents

 

Series I: Personal and Family Materials, 1924-2002

Box 1, Folder 1

Eva Tharp (Evangeline Kok) Family Genealogy and Remembrances, ca. 1992

Box 1, Folder 2

Edwin Tharp Materials, 1953

Box 1, Folder 3

The Tharp's Account of Leaving China, ca. 1949

Box 1, Folder 4

Mendicant Chants written by Robert Tharp for Friends, 1982-1992

Box 1, Folder 5

Peking American School Reunions and Information, 1986-1989

Box 1, Folder 6

National Security Agency Certificate to Robert Tharp

Box 1, Folder 7

News Articles on Robert Tharp, ca. 1942-1993

Box 1, Folder 8

Letters from Perry Link about Donating Xiehouyu to Princeton University, 1994

Box 1, Folder 9

Jerry and Paul Kok Materials, 1997-2002

Box 1, Folder 10

The Tharp's Untied States Immigration Visa Applications, 1947 October 20

Box 1, Folder 11

Robert Tharp's United States Citizenship Application and Recommendation Letters, 1953

Box 1, Folder 12

Edwin Tharp and Margaret Ruth Tharp's British Passports, 1936-1949

Box 1, Folder 13

Evangeline Tharp's British Passports, 1938-1960

Box 1, Folder 14

Robert Tharp's British Passports, 1941-1955

Box 1, Folder 15

Robert Tharp's British India Driving License, 1943

Box 3, Folder 1

Personal and Family Photographs, 1924-1992

Box 3, Folder 2

Negatives, ca. 1930-1964

Box 3, Folder 3

Slides of China and the United States, ca. 1930-1964

Box 4, Item 1

White Owl Cigar Box

Box 4, Item 2

Three Metal Film Canisters

 

Series II: Friends and Colleagues, 1943-2000

Box 1, Folder 16

Letter and News Article about Ewald Cheer

Box 1, Folder 17

Article on Reverend Leslie and Mary Fairfield, 1985 August 31

Box 1, Folder 18

Letter and Articles about Daniel Kelly, 1981

Box 1, Folder 19

Autobiographical Letter by Yen-Chih Lee, 1984

Box 1, Folder 20

Damaris Peck Reynolds Letters, 1991-2000

Box 1, Folder 21

Correspondence from Jane Pratt Sheeks about the Peking American School, 1988-1992

Box 1, Folder 22

"William Ekvall Simpson: A Brief, Bright Flame" by Ray H. Smith

Box 1, Folder 23

Letter from Geoffrey Turnal in India, 1943

 

Series III: Mission Work and Professional Employment, circa 1930-1989

Box 2, Folder 1

Calling Card of Mr. S.L. Burdett to Introduce Robert Tharp to Col. Yuan Chuanthan

Box 2, Folder 2

China Inland Mission Documents, 1939-1948

Box 2, Folder 3

Missionary Documents (In Chinese), 1938-1947

Box 2, Folder 4

Robert Tharp's Business Cards

Box 2, Folder 5

Case Shipping Documents, 1947-1948

Box 2, Folder 6

Ford Motors and Car Importing Documents, 1948

Box 2, Folder 7

News Article on Institute of Far Eastern Languages, 1962

Box 2, Folder 8

"Report on Intensive Chinese Language Program at the Institute of Far Eastern Languages" by Robert Tharp

Box 2, Folder 9

Chinese Language Sound Chart Tool

Box 2, Folder 10

Chinese Sayings

Box 2, Folder 11

Poem about Robert Tharp written by a Student at Yale

Box 2, Folder 12

Russian Grammar Book

Box 2, Folder 13

Eva Tharp's Jyuadz Factory, 1989

Box 3, Folder 4

Photographs of Mission Work; Chinese Christians, ca. 1930-ca. 1948

Box 3, Folder 5

Photographs of Eva's Jyaudz Factory, 1977-1982

 

Series IV: They Called Us White Chinese, ca. 1920-2004

Box 2, Folder 14

Correspondence from Gilbert Tharp to Robert Tharp, 1990-1993

Box 2, Folder 15

Correspondence, 1994-1996

Box 2, Folder 16

Correspondence, January-March 1997

Box 2, Folder 17

Correspondence, April-May 1997

Box 2, Folder 18

Correspondence, 1998-2004

Box 3, Folder 6

Photographs used in They Called Us White Chinese , ca. 1920-1964

 

Series V: Publications, 1902-1996

Box 2, Folder 19

Advertisements for Books about Old China Hands, 1996

Box 2, Folder 20

Asia Magazine, April 1937

Box 2, Folder 21

"East of the Barrier or Side Lights on the Manchuria Mission," by Rev. J. Miller Graham, 1902

Box 2, Folder 22

"The Lost Tribe of China" - about Li Tzu-Cheng

Box 2, Folder 23

Miss Moore: A Memoir by F.H. Kim Krenz, 1997