Guide to the Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley Papers

Robert Davis and Dylan J. McDonald
Center for Sacramento History
551 Sequoia Pacific Blvd.
Sacramento, California 95811-0229
Phone: (916) 808-7072
Fax: (916) 264-7582
Email: csh@cityofsacramento.org
URL: http://www.centerforsacramentohistory.org/
© 2013
Center for Sacramento History. All rights reserved.

Guide to the Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley Papers

Collection number: 2010/036

Center for Sacramento History

Sacramento, CA
Processed by:
Robert Davis and Dylan J. McDonald
Date Completed:
2011-2012
Finding aid prepared by:
Heather Lavezzo Downey and Dylan J. McDonald
Date Completed:
2012
Encoded by:
Alexander C. Guilbert
Date Completed:
2013
© 2013 Center for Sacramento History. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley Papers
Dates: c. 1940-1992
Collection number: 2010/036
Creator: Colley, Jerlean Jackson
Creator: Colley, Nathaniel Sextus
Collection Size: 5 boxes (7.34 linear feet) of archival material, 188 still images, and 9 artifacts
Repository: Center for Sacramento History
Sacramento, California 95811-0229
Abstract: The Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley papers document the legal and civic activities of Nathaniel Colley, one of Sacramento's earliest African American attorneys and a national civil rights leader. For nearly 50 years, Nathaniel and Jerlean made Sacramento their home, working to affect social change at the local, state, and national levels. The numerous speeches, statements, editorials, and publications for which Nathaniel Colley was renowned make up a large percentage of the collection, and provide the framework and foundation for each series.
Physical location: 02:I:04 - 02:I:05; Photo Archives
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

Access

Collection is open for research use.

Publication Rights

All requests to publish or quote from private manuscripts held by the Center for Sacramento History (CSH) must be submitted in writing to the archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of CSH as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the patron. No permission is necessary to publish or quote from public records.

Preferred Citation

[Identifcation of item and/or item number], [box and folder number], Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley Papers, 2010/036, Center for Sacramento History.

Acquisition Information

Received from Alfred and Ola Marie Brown in October 2010 by the Center for Sacramento History.

Processing Information

Processed by Robert Davis and Dylan J. McDonald, 2011-2012; finding aid prepared by Heather Lavezzo Downey and Dylan J. McDonald, 2012.

Biographical Sketch

Nathaniel Sextus Colley was born on November 21, 1918 in Carlowsville, Alabama. The youngest of six boys, he grew up in Snow Hill, Alabama. Colley graduated with high honors from Snow Hill Institute before attending Tuskegee Institute. He studied chemistry under George Washington Carver, graduating in 1941 with a B.S. degree and high honors. During World War II, Colley served overseas as Captain of a chemical company where he developed a protective suit that could resist poison gas. In 1946, he enrolled at Yale University Law School, winning the C. LaRue Munsun Prize for the most significant contribution of any Yale student to the New Haven, Connecticut Legal Aid Society. He also shared the Benjamin Sharp Prize for best original essay of any Yale student.
In 1948, Colley came to Sacramento, California where he wrote for the Sacramento Outlook newspaper as an Associate Editor. He opened his law practice as Sacramento's only African American attorney, quickly establishing a reputation as one of the area's best trial attorneys. He used his skills on behalf of private clients as well as public causes, such as civil rights. In the landmark case Ming vs. Horgan, Colley persuaded the United States Supreme Court that those receiving federal funds could not engage in discrimination. Colley also fought for the repeal of Proposition 14, and against housing and educational discrimination in California. As a member of the National Bar Association's Hall of Fame, Colley taught part-time at the University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law for seventeen years.
In addition to his legal career, Colley was a member, and leader, of many civic and educational associations at the local, state, and national levels. Most notably, he served as Chairman of both the West Coast Region and the National Legal Committee for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Furthermore, Governor Edmund "Pat" Brown appointed Colley to the California State Board of Education in 1960, making him the first African American to serve on the board. Between 1961 and 1962, Colley sat on President John F. Kennedy's Committee on Discrimination for the U.S. Armed Forces. An active Democrat, Colley was a member of the California State Democratic Central Committee and the Sacramento County Democratic Central Committee. In 1972, Colley was the Northern California Chairman of the Humphrey for President Campaign.
Colley met his wife, Sacramento native Jerlean "Jerry" Jackson, while attending Tuskegee Institute and the two married in 1942. They raised their five children in Sacramento, two of which would go on to become attorneys and join their father's law firm. They enjoyed traveling, and visited such places as South America, China, Africa, Europe, and the former Soviet Union. An avid horse racing fan, Colley bred horses on his property in Elk Grove, California, and served on the California Horse Racing Commission.
Nathaniel Colley passed away from brain cancer on May 20, 1992 at his home in Elk Grove, California. He was 74 years old.
Jerlean Colley was born in 1919 in Montgomery, Alabama to Hattie Loubirda Crawford, a homemaker, and Charles Stonewall Jackson, a businessman and entrepreneur. She grew up in Sacramento, California, graduating from Sacramento High School in 1939. She attended Tuskegee Institute in Alabama where she earned a degree in early childhood development. While at Tuskegee, Jerlean met Nathaniel Colley and the two married in 1942. In 1948, Nathaniel, Jerlean, and two infant daughters moved to Sacramento, California where they established Nathaniel's law practice.
While her husband was the public face of groundbreaking anti-discrimination lawsuits and numerous civic organizations, Mrs. Colley was an equally influential behind-the-scenes leader. She cared for their five children and was an active PTA member and volunteer with Campfire and Girl Scouts. She worked closely with her husband as a receptionist, secretary, accountant, and advisor. According to one of their children, Jerlean was "the heart and soul of that law practice." As Nathaniel's career progressed, Jerlean entertained governors, Supreme Court Justices, and other distinguished guests in the family's South Land Park home.
Mrs. Colley also managed the family's real estate and business interests, including Priscilla Bell Farms, an Elk Grove ranch where the Colley's raised thoroughbred racehorses.
Jerlean Colley passed away on March 11, 1998 in Sacramento, California from complications related to a fall. She was 79 years old.

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection primarily documents the legal and civic activities of Nathaniel and Jerlean Colley, with a small amount of material covering their family life and world travels. Collected and preserved by Jerlean, the papers focus mainly on Nathaniel's engagement as an editorial writer for the Sacramento Outlook newspaper; as NAACP legal counsel; as a member of the California State Board of Education and California Horse Racing Board; as a Democratic Party operative; as an adjunct faculty at McGeorge Law School; and horse breeder and owner of Priscilla Bell Farms. Other than media accounts and as stated in the container list below, the collection contains very little correspondence and files related to his private law practice. The original order of the papers was not discernible, and an artificial series hierarchy was created based on similar subject material. Items in general are arranged chronologically within each folder. Titles found within brackets in the container list were created by CSH staff to provide context as no original title could be discerned. Most newsprint, telegrams and other brittle paper have been photocopied onto archival paper for preservation purposes.
Contained within the collection are textual records including correspondence; newspapers, newspaper clippings and magazine articles; programs and racing forms; speeches, statements and lectures; editorials and press releases; awards and certificates; campaign ephemera; papers, publications and reports. Other formats include photographs and transparencies; and artifacts include plaques and awards. The geographic focus of the material is Sacramento and California, and dates from the 1940s through the 1990s. Topics and subjects included in the collection are Sacramento's African American community and its history; civil rights issues particularly fair employment and housing, school desegregation, affirmative action, social justice, labor, police procedures, and integration; the American philosophy of law and due process; activities of the Democratic Party and NAACP in California and Sacramento County; and educational issues including policy, attendance areas, vocational training, textbook content, equitable funding, and desegregation.
The following series scope and content notes only offers selected highlights, please see the container list for a full listing of the series contents. The numerous written speeches, statements, editorials and publications authored by Nathaniel Colley, materials that makes up a large percentage of the collection, provide the framework and foundation of each series.
Series 1 - Personal & Family comprises primarily material documenting Nathaniel's awards and tribute dinners (including one less than a year before his death), his military service in World War II, and media accounts of his legal career. Of note are the magazine articles (items .008) for their descriptions of his legal work and standing amongst Sacramento's legal bar. The couple's trips to Central and South America, China, and the former Soviet Union are documented in written and bound reports containing itineraries, accounts and thoughts of their travels. Correspondence to and speeches by Jerlean document her involvement in various community organizations, often in conjunction with her husband, and raising her five children.
Series 2 - Tuskegee Institute contains Nathaniel's lifelong involvement in the school's national alumni association and his speeches delivered to students, graduates, and alumni on the role of Tuskegee and the value of education.
Series 3 - Sacramento Outlook includes Nathaniel's numerous editorials, written on behalf of the newspaper's editorial board, and press releases that document his civic interests and current legal cases. From 1948 through at least 1960, his "One Man's Opinion" editorial column ran regularly in the newspaper, covering such topics as local, state, and national politics; African American political power; communism and loyalty oaths; fair employment and housing; Jim Crow and segregation; and the challenges faced by the growing African American population of Sacramento and northern California.
Series 4 - Legal Career focuses primarily on Nathaniel's jurisprudence course lecture notes taught at McGeorge School of Law. Additional items of note include his written statement of December 14, 1987 to the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee on the nomination of Judge Anthony M. Kennedy to the Supreme Court; several papers written for coursework at Yale Law School; and speeches on legal topics, including a reminiscence of friend Judge Loren Miller. As previously stated, the series contains very little correspondence and files related to his private law practice.
Series 5 - Politics includes correspondence from various local and state Democratic leaders, including governors Pat Brown and Jerry Brown, expressing thanks for supporting their candidacies. In 1956 Nathaniel ran in the Democratic primary for a state senate seat. Items .076-.078 contain his speeches and campaign material that outlined his platform. Of note is the Colley's involvement in the 1960 presidential campaign of Sen. John F. Kennedy - advertisements, speeches, endorsements - and their subsequent invitation to the inauguration. Their relationship with the White House continued with additional requests for attendance at a state dinner honoring the Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and Nathaniel's service on the President's civil rights discussion group. After the death of the President Kennedy, Nathaniel wrote a tribute to the fallen leader in a speech titled, "He Killed Our Lincoln."
Series 6 - Education and Youth highlights Nathaniel's commitment to educational opportunities for California's youth. The newspaper clippings document his appointment as the first African American on the California State Board of Education in 1960; his subsequent efforts to eliminate textbook bias, desegregate schools, and correct funding imbalances; and the board's conflict with State Superintendent Dr. Max Rafferty. The publications and speeches in the series cover a wide-range of educational topics including teacher loyalty oaths, the history segregation in California schools, the value of public education, textbook bias, and the challenges faced by African American youth.
Series 7 - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People contains speeches and official position statements written and delivered by Nathaniel. Item .116 includes a 1975 pamphlet, "Who Will Lead the NAACP," outlining his qualifications to serve as chair of the NAACP National Board of Directors; the 56-page publication contains seven speeches/papers stating his views on subjects of interest to organization members. Item .119 includes a signed 1964 Sacramento Branch banquet program signed by speaker Jackie Robinson.
Series 8 - Civil Rights comprises Nathaniel's lifelong work to ensure equal opportunity for all through California law. Many of the speeches in this series focus on fair housing, Ming v. Horgan, and Proposition 14; the establishment of a statewide Fair Employment Practices Commission; and affirmative action. Of note are items .150, a c.1959 paper coauthored with Loren Miller on legal and judicial enforcement of fair housing, and .152, a 1963 report on U.S. military integration, a presidential committee on which Nathaniel served.
Series 9 - Horse Racing includes correspondence and newspaper clippings on Nathaniel's service with the California Horse Racing Board and his family's breeding and training thoroughbred horses at their Elk Grove, California ranch, Priscilla Bell Farm.
Series 10 - Oversize Items contains the plaques and awards bestowed upon Nathaniel, copies of the Sacramento Outlook, the city's first African American newspaper for which he served as an editor, and other large items separated out from the collection for easier storage. If an item was pulled from its original folder, a separation sheet will indicate the item has been removed and its new location.
Series 11 - Photographs includes 188 black and white, and color photographic stills and color transparencies. These images mostly focus on family activities, Nathaniel's public speaking engagements, the horse breeding at Priscilla Bell Farm, and winner's circle portraits.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Brown, Edmund Gerald "Jerry," Jr., 1938-
Brown, Edmund Gerald "Pat," Sr., 1905-1996
Colley, Jerlean Jackson, 1919-1998
Colley, Nathaniel Sextus, 1918-1992
Evers, Medgar Wiley, 1925-1963
Kennedy, Anthony M., 1936-
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
Miller, Loren H., 1903-1967
Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972
California. State Board of Education
California Horse Racing Board
Colorfornia
Democratic Party (U.S.)
Executive Place
Know
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Sacramento Bee
Sacramento Magazine
Sacramento Observer
Sacramento Outlook
Sepia
Tuskegee Institute
United States. Supreme Court
University of the Pacific. McGeorge School of Law
Yale Law School
African Americans
Civil rights
Education
Housing
Horse racing
Sacramento (Calif.)-History
Travel

Related Material

Materials related to those in the Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley Papers may be found in the following collections at CSH: the KCRA TV Film Collection (1978/084), the Sacramento Ethnic Communities Survey - Black Oral Histories (1983/146), and the Sacramento Observer Collection (2011/031).

Container List

 

Series 1 Personal & Family

Box 1, Folder 1

.001 Biography and Resume

Box 1, Folder 2

.002 Awards

Box 1, Folder 3

.003 Awards - Tribute Dinner January 13, 1968

Box 1, Folder 4

.004 Awards - NJH/NAC Award Dinner December 4, 1980

Box 1, Folder 5

.005 Awards - Tribute Dinner June 21, 1991

Box 1, Folder 6

.006 Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 7

.007 Death and Condolences

Box 1, Folder 8

.008a Magazine Article - Colorfornia, p. 17 n.d.

Box 1, Folder 8

.008b Magazine Article - KNOW, p. 12 June 1959

Box 1, Folder 8

.008c Magazine Article - SEPIA, p. 35-37 January 1961

Box 1, Folder 8

.008d Magazine Article - Sacramento Magazine, p. 78-792 September 1984

Box 1, Folder 8

.008e Magazine Article - Executive Place, p. 26 June 1985

Box 1, Folder 8

.008f Magazine Article - Executive Place, p. 44-51 April 1986

Box 1, Folder 8

.008g Magazine Article - Sacramento Magazine, p. 66-70 April 1986

Box 1, Folder 9

.009 Military Service

Box 1, Folder 10

.010 Newspaper Clippings 1951-1991

Box 1, Folder 11

.011 Newspaper Clippings, Sacramento Bee 1958-1984

Box 1, Folder 12

.012 Religion

Box 1, Folder 13

.013 Travel - Central and South America 1959

Box 1, Folder 14

.014 Travel - Central and South America, Report 1959

Box 1, Folder 15

.015 Travel - Africa and Europe 1960

Box 1, Folder 16

.016 Travel - China 1987

Box 1, Folder 17

.017 Travel - China, Report 1987

Box 1, Folder 18

.018 Travel - Soviet Union 1990

Box 1, Folder 19

.019 Travel - Soviet Union, Report 1990

Box 1, Folder 20

.020 Jerlean Colley

Box 1, Folder 21

.021 Jerlean Colley - Family Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 22

.022 Jerlean Colley - Genealogy

 

Series 2 Tuskegee Institute

Box 1, Folder 23

.023 Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 24

.024 Newspaper Clippings

Box 1, Folder 25

.025 Programs and Events

Box 1, Folder 26

.026 Speeches - [Homecoming Address] November 7, 1965

Box 1, Folder 27

.027 Speeches - "Education For What?" August 1967

Box 1, Folder 28

.028 Speeches - "A Brain is a Terrible Thing to Wash" June 30, 1990

Box 1, Folder 29

.029 Speeches - "The Role of Tuskegee Institute in a Changing Society" n.d.

 

Series 3 Sacramento Outlook 1948-1960

Box 1, Folder 30

.030 Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 31

.031 Editorials and Press Releases

Box 1, Folder 32

.032 "One Man's Opinion"

 

Series 4 Legal Career

Box 2, Folder 1

.033 Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 2

.034 Newspaper Clippings 1950-1992

Box 2, Folder 3

.035 Nathaniel S. Colley, Attorney-at-Law

Box 2, Folder 4

.036 Nathaniel S. Colley, Attorney-at-Law - Cases

Box 2, Folder 5

.037 Legal Organizations - Local

Box 2, Folder 6

.038 Legal Organizations - State

Box 2, Folder 7

.039 Legal Organizations - National

Box 2, Folder 8

.040 Notary

Box 2, Folder 9

.041 Anthony Kennedy

Box 2, Folder 10

.042 Cruz Reynoso

Box 2, Folder 11

.043 Yale University, School of Law

Box 2, Folder 12

.044 Yale University, School of Law - Alumni

Box 2, Folder 13

.045 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Box 2, Folder 14

.046 McGeorge School of Law

Box 2, Folder 15

.047 McGeorge School of Law - Seminar, "Notes for Participation in Affirmative Action in Law" March 3, 1990

Box 2, Folder 16

.048 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, Notes

Box 2, Folder 17

.049 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Jurisprudence"

Box 2, Folder 18

.050 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Nature of the Judicial Process"

Box 2, Folder 19

.051 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Siblings Called Law and Religion"

Box 2, Folder 20

.052 McGeorge School of Law = Jurisprudence Lecture, "Morals and the Law"

Box 2, Folder 21

.053 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, [Natural Law]

Box 2, Folder 22

.054 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Meaning, Historical Development, and Impact of Natural Law"

Box 2, Folder 23

.055 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Review and Summary RE: Natural Law"

Box 2, Folder 24

.056 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Natural Law: Cornerstone of Liberty or Merely Fiction"

Box 2, Folder 25

.057 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Common Law: Its Meaning, Origins and Position or as a System of Jurisprudential Thought and Practice"

Box 2, Folder 26

.058 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Origin, Nature and Impact of the Common Law"

Box 2, Folder 27

.059 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Origin and Nature of the Common Law"

Box 2, Folder 28

.060 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Origin and Nature of American Jurisprudence"

Box 2, Folder 29

.061 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "From Natural Law to American Jurisprudence"

Box 2, Folder 30

.062 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "American Jurisprudence in Historical Perspective"

Box 2, Folder 31

.063 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Legal Realism, Sociological Jurisprudence and Some Tentative Conclusions"

Box 2, Folder 32

.064 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Crime and Punishment"

Box 2, Folder 33

.065 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Discovery in Criminal Cases"

Box 2, Folder 34

.066 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Points on Selecting Juries"

Box 2, Folder 35

.067 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Method of Evolution"

Box 2, Folder 36

.068 McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, [Unknown]

Box 2, Folder 37

.069 Speeches - "The New Lawyer in a Changing Society" June 2, 1973

Box 2, Folder 38

.070 Speeches - "Recent Developments in Class Actions" September 1974

Box 2, Folder 39

.071 Speeches - "Remarks RE: Loren Miller on Occasion of Presentation of First Loren Miller Award" November 18, 1977

Box 2, Folder 40

.072 Speeches - "Idealism and Realism in Law: How Can the Gap be Bridged?" April 26, 1980

Box 2, Folder 41

.073 Speeches - "Law as a Weapon for Social Control" n.d.

Box 2, Folder 42

.074 Speeches - "The Relevance of Legal Education to the Needs of Society" n.d.

 

Series 5 Politics

Box 2, Folder 43

.075 Correspondence

Box 2, Folder 44

.076 John F. Kennedy

Box 2, Folder 45

.077 John F. Kennedy - Speech, "The Right to Equality of Opportunity in Housing" c. 1960

Box 2, Folder 46

.078 John F. Kennedy - Speech, "He Killed Our Lincoln" November 27, 1963

Box 2, Folder 47

.079 Newspaper Clippings 1952-1976

Box 2, Folder 48

.080 Programs and Events - Local

Box 2, Folder 49

.081 Programs and Events - State

Box 2, Folder 50

.082 Programs and Events - National

Box 2, Folder 51

.083 State Senate Campaign, 1956 - Campaign Material 1956

Box 2, Folder 52

.084 State Senate Campaign, 1956 - Correspondence 1956

Box 2, Folder 53

.085 State Senate Campaign, 1956 - Newspaper Clippings 1956

Box 2, Folder 54

.086 State Senate Campaign, 1956 - Speech 1956

 

Series 6 Education and Youth

Box 3, Folder 1

.087 Awards

Box 3, Folder 2

.088 California State Board of Education Appointment Certificate

Box 3, Folder 3

.089 Correspondence

Box 3, Folder 4

.090 Correspondence - William and Rita Mack Case 1960

Box 3, Folder 5

.091 Education Publications

Box 3, Folder 6

.092 Newspaper Clippings 1953-1988

Box 3, Folder 7

.093 Programs and Events

Box 3, Folder 8

.094 Publication - "Loyalty and Patriotism" January 1962

Box 3, Folder 9

.095 Publication - "Public School Desegregation in California Historical Background" September 1971

Box 3, Folder 10

.096 Speeches - "Public Schools - Tool of Democracy" c. 1962

Box 3, Folder 11

.097 Speeches - "Pro-Confederate Bias in Elementary Social Science Textbooks" February 19, 1962

Box 3, Folder 12

.098 Speeches - "The Future Belongs to the Prepared" August 12, 1962

Box 3, Folder 13

.099 Speeches - "An Ounce of Prevention" c. 1966

Box 3, Folder 14

.100 Speeches - "The Future Belongs to the Prepared" June 9, 1977

Box 3, Folder 15

.101 Speeches - "The Joys and Dangers of Success" February 27, 1989

Box 3, Folder 16

.102 Speeches - "A Mind is a Terrible Thing to Wash" July 30, 1990

Box 3, Folder 17

.103 Speeches - "A Few Worlds in Aid of a Complete Diagnosis of the Problems of Black Children" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 18

.104 Speeches - "A Mind is a Terrible Thing to Wash" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 19

.105 Speeches - [Negro Youth and Education] n.d.

Box 3, Folder 20

.106 Speeches - "Philosophy of Education" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 21

.107 Speeches - "Physical Fitness in the New Frontier" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 22

.108 Speeches - "Problems Facing Negro Youth in Sacramento" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 23

.109 Speeches - "Scholarship and Scholarships" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 24

.110 Speeches - "Shall We Integrate the Schools?" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 25

.111 Speeches - "Sketches of Horizons in New Dimensions as it Relates to Vocational Outlook" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 26

.112 Speeches - "Youth and Responsibilities" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 27

.113 Statements - [Attendance Areas] n.d.

 

Series 7 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

Box 3, Folder 28

.114 Awards

Box 3, Folder 29

.115 Correspondence

Box 3, Folder 30

.116 Elections

Box 3, Folder 31

.117 Legal Actions

Box 3, Folder 32

.118 Newspaper Clippings 1954-1992

Box 3, Folder 33

.119 Programs and Events 1958-1979

Box 3, Folder 34

.120 Programs and Events 1980-1989

Box 3, Folder 35

.121 Programs and Events, Life Membership and Awards Banquet March 30, 1961

Box 3, Folder 36

.122 Programs and Events, National Headquarters Dedication October 18, 1986

Box 3, Folder 37

.123 Publications and Reports

Box 3, Folder 38

.124 Speeches - "The American Dilemma" c. 1959

Box 3, Folder 39

.125 Speeches - [Lawyers' Panel at NAACP Convention] September 23, 1961

Box 3, Folder 40

.126 Speeches - "Two Letters" April 23, 1972

Box 3, Folder 41

.127 Speeches - [Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty] June 15, 1973

Box 3, Folder 42

.128 Speeches - "The Moment to Decide" September 20, 1977

Box 3, Folder 43

.129 Speeches - "The New Conspiracy to Steal the 14th Amendment" May 19, 1978

Box 3, Folder 44

.130 Speeches - "Remarks Before the Sacramento City Council" November 8, 1978

Box 3, Folder 45

.131 Speeches - "The American Dilemma [Medgar Evers]" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 46

.132 Speeches - "The American Dilemma" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 47

.133 Speeches - ""The Meaning of Bakke" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 48

.134 Speeches - "The NAACP - Agitation or Advancement" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 49

.135 Speeches - [The NAACP and Labor] n.d.

Box 3, Folder 50

.136 Speeches - [The NAACP is Not Dead] n.d.

Box 3, Folder 51

.137 Speeches - "Seven Ways to Live Without Self-Respect and Die Broke" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 52

.138 Statements - "Affirmative Action or Quotas? It Depends Upon Whose Bull is Gored" November 15, 1972

Box 3, Folder 53

.139 Statements - "Concerning the Confirmation of the Appointment of Justice Malcolm Lucas as Chief Justice of California" February 5, 1987

Box 3, Folder 54

.140 Statements - "Concerning Exposure Draft No. 2 FNMA and FHLMC Proposed Uniform Mortgage and Deed Trust Forms" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 55

.141 Statements - "Concerning Police Procedures" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 56

.142 Statements - "On Selective Certification of Employees" n.d.

 

Series 8 Civil Rights

Box 4, Folder 1

.143 Correspondence

Box 4, Folder 2

.144 Legislation - California 1959-1968

Box 4, Folder 3

.145 Legislation - United States 1970

Box 4, Folder 4

.146 Newspaper Clippings 1949-1987

Box 4, Folder 5

.147 Newspaper Clippings - Fair Housing 1954-1974

Box 4, Folder 6

.148 Paper - "Civil Actions For Damages Arising out of Violations of Civil Rights," Hastings Law Journal, vol.17 December 1965

Box 4, Folder 7

.149 Paper, Housing - "The California and Washington Fair Housing Cases" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 8

.150 Paper, Housing - "Statutory and Judicial Enforcement of the Right to Housing," with Loren H. Miller c. 1959

Box 4, Folder 9

.151 President's Committee on Equal Opportunity in the Armed Forces - Application

Box 4, Folder 10

.152 President's Committee on Equal Opportunity in the Armed Forces - Initial Report, "Equality of Treatment and Opportunity for Negro Military Personnel Stationed Within the United States" June 13, 1963

Box 4, Folder 11

.153 Programs and Events

Box 4, Folder 12

.154 Publications

Box 4, Folder 13

.155 Speeches - [The American Negro in the Business World] April 9, 1952

Box 4, Folder 14

.156 Speeches - [An Analysis of AB900, Fair Employment Practices] c. 1953

Box 4, Folder 15

.157 Speeches - [Legal Aspects of the Problems Attendant to Racial Integration in America] April 25, 1957

Box 4, Folder 16

.158 Speeches - "The Status of the Negro in the United States" April 13, 1962

Box 4, Folder 17

.159 Speeches - "The Emancipation Proclamation - A 100 Year Report" 1963

Box 4, Folder 18

.160 Speeches - "Ethnic Peace and Progress - Strategy and Future Prospects" December 1966

Box 4, Folder 19

.161 Speeches - "Pressed to the Wall" January 15, 1970

Box 4, Folder 20

.162 Speeches - "Integration versus Black Nationalism" January 30, 1970

Box 4, Folder 21

.163 Speeches - "Civil Rights Aspects of Personnel Management" October 4, 1971

Box 4, Folder 22

.164 Speeches - "Breaking In and Holding On" August 23, 1975

Box 4, Folder 23

.165 Speeches - "Retreat in the Face of Victory" March 26, 1977

Box 4, Folder 24

.166 Speeches - [In Fact as In Law] 1987

Box 4, Folder 25

.167 Speeches - "Afro-American Progress and Plans for the Future" c. 1988

Box 4, Folder 26

.168 Speeches - "Civil Liberties and Human Dignity" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 27

.169 Speeches - "Communism and Civil Rights" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 28

.170 Speeches - "Constitutional Liberties and Restraints - A Series of Compromises" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 29

.171 Speeches - "Democrats vs. Republicans - Civil Rights" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 30

.172 Speeches - "Due Process - A Triumph of Western Civilization" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 31

.173 Speeches - "Integration and Negro Enterprise" May 24, 1958

Box 4, Folder 32

.174 Speeches - "The Moment to Decide" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 33

.175 Speeches - "The Nature of the Problem of Discrimination" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 34

.176 Speeches - "New Dimensions of Negro Political Thought" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 35

.177 Speeches - "Our Cup Runneth Over" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 36

.178 Speeches - "Random Thoughts on Neutrality in the Struggle for Social Justice" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 37

.179 Speeches - "The Relevance of Dissent and Law and Order" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 38

.180 Speeches - [The Role of a Council for Civic Unity in a Given Community] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 39

.181 Speeches- "Strike While the Iron is Hot" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 40

.182 Speeches - "Three Challenges to Men of Tomorrow" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 41

.183 Speeches - "The Time is Now - Justice Delayed is Justice Denied" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 42

.184 Speeches - "The Time is Now or Strike While the Iron is Hot" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 43

.185 Speeches - "The White Man's Problem" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 44

.186 Speeches - [With Respect to Civil Rights in America] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 45

.187 Speeches - [Fragments] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 46

.188 Speeches, Affirmative Action - "Affirmative Action or Quotas? It Depends Upon Whose Bull is Gored" November 15, 1972

Box 4, Folder 47

.189 Speeches, Affirmative Action - "The Legal Issues of Goals, Quotas and Merit Principles" March 30, 1973

Box 4, Folder 48

.190 Speeches, Affirmative Action - "A View of Affirmative Action from in a Hole" February 22, 1980

Box 4, Folder 49

.191 Speeches, Affirmative Action - "The Legal, Moral and Social Imperatives of Affirmative Action" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 50

.192 Speeches, Affirmative Action - "The Nature of the Problem" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 51

.193 Speeches, Housing - "Desegregation in Housing" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 52

.194 Speeches, Housing - "Housing" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 53

.195 Speeches, Housing - [Large Lot Laws] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 54

.196 Speeches, Housing - "The Legal Situation in Housing" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 55

.197 Speeches, Housing - "Ming vs. Horgan - A Judicial Approach to Racial Discrimination in Housing" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 56

.198 Speeches, Housing - [Proposition 14] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 57

.199 Statements - [California Statutory Provisions Against Racial Discrimination] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 58

.200 Statements - "Testimony Before Senate Labor Committee - AB91" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 59

.201 Statements - "Why the Bar Should Oppose Proposition 14" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 60

.202 White House Conference - "To Fulfill These Rights" June 1966

 

Series 9 Horse Racing

Box 4, Folder 61

.203 California Horse Racing Board Appointment Certificate

Box 4, Folder 62

.204 Correspondence

Box 4, Folder 63

.205 Newspaper Clippings 1960-1987

Box 4, Folder 64

.206 Priscilla Bell Farm

Box 4, Folder 65

.207 Programs and Events

Box 4, Folder 66

.208 Racing Programs

Box 4, Folder 67

.209 Statements - "On Governmental Organization" October 5, 1976

 

Series 10 Oversize Items

Box 5

.210 Drawing of Nathaniel S. Colley c. 1990

Box 5

.211 Key to the City of Mobile (AL) n.d.

Box 5

.212 Plaques - D.D. Mattocks Award February 3, 1962

Box 5

.213 Plaques - California Trial Lawyers Association May 1, 1966

Box 5

.214 Plaques - Los Angeles Tuskegee Alumni Club January 13, 1968

Box 5

.215 Plaques - NAACP November 10, 1973

Box 5

.216 Plaques - NJH/NAC December 4, 1980

Box 5

.217 Plaques - NAACP-Bremerton (WA) Branch June 8, 1985

Box 5

.218 Plaques - Association of Black Correctional Workers April 17, 1986

Box 5

.219 Plaques - NAACP June 21, 1991

Box 6, Folder 1

.220 Sacramento Outlook, p. 1 October 17, 1952

Box 6, Folder 1

.221 Sacramento Outlook, p. 2 May 1, 1953

Box 6, Folder 1

.222 Sacramento Outlook, p. 1 October 23, 1953

Box 6, Folder 1

.223 Sacramento Outlook, p. 1, 4 May 21, 1954

Box 6, Folder 1

.224 Sacramento Outlook, p. 1, 3 March 11, 1960

Box 6, Folder 1

.225 Sacramento Outlook, p. 1 May 6, 1960

Box 6, Folder 1

.226 Sacramento Outlook, p. 1, 2 September 9, 1960

Box 6, Folder 1

.227 Sacramento Outlook, p. 1, 4 January 26, 1962

Box 6, Folder 1

.228 Sacramento Outlook, p. 1 February 23, 1962

Box 6, Folder 2

.229 Sacramento Observer, p. 2 January 3, 1962

Box 6, Folder 2

.230 Sacramento Observer, p. 2 May 17, 1963

Box 6, Folder 2

.231 Sacramento Observer, p. 2 October 1, 1964

Box 6, Folder 2

.232 Sacramento Observer May 13, 1965

Box 6, Folder 2

.233 Sacramento Observer, p. 1 January 6, 1966

Box 6, Folder 2

.234 Sacramento Observer, p. 5 January 11, 1967

Box 6, Folder 2

.235 Sacramento Observer, p.E-1, E-3 January 6, 1972

Box 6, Folder 2

.236 Sacramento Observer, p. 111 December 1989

Box 6, Folder 3

.237 Renegade Rip, p. 1 October 13, 1961

Box 6, Folder 3

.238 The State Hornet, p. 1, 3 February 23, 1962

Box 6, Folder 3

.239 Sacramento Legal Press, p. 1 December 19, 1967

Box 6, Folder 3

.240 Sacramento Press-Journal, p. 1 September 9, 1974

 

Series 11 Photographs

 

.241 Captain Nathaniel Colley, Philippines c. 1944

Photo Archives
 

.242 Lieutenant Nathaniel Colley c. 1942

Photo Archives
 

.243 Nathaniel Colley shoveling snow, New Haven, CT c. 1946

Photo Archives
 

.244-.245 Yale Law student Nathaniel Colley studying, New Haven, CT c. 1946

Photo Archives
 

.246 Nathaniel Colley passport photo c. 1951

Photo Archives
 

.247 Nathaniel Colley studio portrait c. 1963

Photo Archives
 

.248 Nathaniel Colley studio portrait c. 1980

Photo Archives
 

.249 Nathaniel Colley portrait c. 1975

Photo Archives
 

.250 Jerlean (Jackson) Colley studio portrait c. 1941

Photo Archives
 

.251 Nathaniel Colley studio portrait c. 1940

Photo Archives
 

.252 Jerlean Colley passport photo c. 1987

Photo Archives
 

.253 Colley family photo taken in their home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA, (L to R) Natalie, Jerlean, Sondra, Nathaniel, Ola Marie, Jerlean May 1956

Photo Archives
 

.254 Colley family photo taken in their home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA, (L to R) Jerlean, Jerlean, Sondra, Nathaniel, Ola Marie, Natalie; May 1956

Photo Archives
 

.255 Colley family photo taken in their home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA, (L to R) Jerlean, Jerlean, Sondra, Nathaniel, Natalie, Ola Marie May 1956

Photo Archives
 

.256 Sondra Colley portrait May 1956

Photo Archives
 

.257 Nathaniel Colley, Jr. with Santa Claus c. December 1962

Photo Archives
 

.258-.260 Exterior views of Colley home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA May 1956

Photo Archives
 

.261 Nathaniel Colley, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA c. July 1959

Photo Archives
 

.262-.263 Exterior views of Colley home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA c. July 1959

Photo Archives
 

.264-.265 Kenneth Johnson, Nathaniel Colley, Jerlean Colley, Ruth Johnson July 1959

Photo Archives
 

.266 Jerlean, Nathaniel, Nathaniel Jr.; [color transparency] December 1971

Photo Archives
 

.267 Jerlean and Nathaniel Colley with Santa Claus c. 1980

Photo Archives
 

.268 Nathaniel Colley before flight c. 1959

Photo Archives
 

.269-.273 Nathaniel and Jerlean Colley during China trip May 1987

Photo Archives
 

.274.276 Nathaniel Colley on Alaskan fishing trip c. 1985

Photo Archives
 

.277 Tuskegee Institute class reunion, Jerlean Colley fourth from the right c. 1951

Photo Archives
 

.278 Tuskegee Institute Alumni, Nathaniel and Jerlean Colley middle row, third and seventh from the left, Los Angeles, CA August 1961

Photo Archives
 

.279 NAACP West Coast Region biennial conference September 1961

Photo Archives
 

.280 Harold Craft entering the Law Offices of N.S. Colley, 621 P Street, Sacramento, CA c. 1950

Photo Archives
 

.281 Interior of P Street office, Secretary Lala ?? on right c. 1955

Photo Archives
 

.282 Attorney Nathaniel Colley in his office c. 1952

Photo Archives
 

.283 Secretary Roberta Craft (Jerlean Colley's sister) c. 1952

Photo Archives
 

.284-.288 Construction views of 621 P Street August 1952

Photo Archives
 

.289 Attorney Nathaniel Colley in his office c. 1972

Photo Archives
 

.290 Exterior of Amador County Court House c. 1972

Photo Archives
 

.291-.292 Nathaniel Colley portrait c. 1975

Photo Archives
 

.293 Nathaniel Colley presiding at western regional Mock Trial competition in the McGeorge School of Law Courtroom of the Future January 25, 1979

Photo Archives
 

.294 Nathaniel Colley introducing Solicitor General Wade H. McCree, Jr. at McGeorge School of Law April 11, 1978

Photo Archives
 

.295 Unknown meeting with Nathaniel Colley c. 1980

Photo Archives
 

.296 Gov. Edmund G. "Pat" Brown, Nathaniel Colley, Sen. Clair Engle c.1962

Photo Archives
 

.297 Nathaniel Colley, Jerlean Colley, Bernice Brown, Gov. Edmund G. "Pat" Brown, unknown, Sen. Clair Engle, unknown c.1962

Photo Archives
 

.298 Sen. Clair Engle, Eddie Hall, Nathaniel Colley, Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson, Clarence Canson, Rev. Joseph Williams, Gov. Edmund G. "Pat" Brown November 1960

Photo Archives
 

.299 Rep. John E. Moss and Nathaniel Colley November 5, 1968

Photo Archives
 

.300 Nathaniel Colley giving an address, Seattle, WA 1962

Photo Archives
 

.301-.304 Nathaniel Colley speaking before the Iota Phi Lambda Sorority annual convention, Seattle, WA August 12, 1962

Photo Archives
 

.305 Nathaniel Colley and Jerlean Colley in classroom c.1961

Photo Archives
 

.306-.314 Nathaniel Colley attending 30th Anniversary events of the Little Rock Nine, included Gov. Bill Clinton, Little Rock, AR October 1987

Photo Archives
 

.315 John Garamendi, Patti Garamendi, Jerlean Colley, Nathaniel Colley 1986

Photo Archives
 

.316 Unknown, Jerlean Colley, Nathaniel Colley c.1948

Photo Archives
 

.317 Jerlean Colley with United Crusade trophy October 1967

Photo Archives
 

.318 NAACP event, unknown, Rev. Odom, Nathaniel Colley, unknown, unknown, unknown, Novalin Sims, Sacramento, CA c. 1950s

Photo Archives
 

.319 NAACP event, front row - fourth from right, Novalin Sims, second from right Virna Canson, back row - first and second from left, Rev. Odom, Nathaniel Colley, Sacramento, CA c. 1950s

Photo Archives
 

.320 NAACP event, second from right, Virna Canson, first from right, Nathaniel Colley c. 1965

Photo Archives
 

.321 Church event, Jerlean Colley upper-left corner, Sacramento, CA c. 1941

Photo Archives
 

.322 Nathaniel Colley at banquet c. 1960s

Photo Archives
 

.323-.324 Nathaniel Colley with unknown group c. 1970s

Photo Archives
 

.325 Pasadena NAACP awards banquet, Unknown, Nathaniel Colley, Ruby McKnight Williams c. 1972

Photo Archives
 

.326 Pasadena NAACP awards banquet, Phyllis Dorn, Nathaniel Colley, LA County Supervisor Warren Dorn c. 1972

Photo Archives
 

.327 Pasadena NAACP awards banquet, Ruby McKnight Williams, Phyllis Dorn, Nathaniel Colley, LA County Supervisor Warren Dorn c. 1972

Photo Archives
 

.328 Pasadena NAACP awards banquet, Earl Raines, Ruby McKnight Williams, Phyllis Dorn, Nathaniel Colley, LA County Supervisor Warren Dorn c. 1972

Photo Archives
 

.329 Jerlean and Nathaniel Colley c. 1985

Photo Archives
 

.330-.338 Nathaniel Colley receiving humanitarian award from the National Asthma Center, Sacramento, CA December 4, 1980

Photo Archives
 

.339-.357 Winner's circle photos of horses owned by Nathaniel Colley/Priscilla Bell Farms, includes Willie Shoemaker 1960-1987

Photo Archives
 

.358-.378 Priscilla Bell Farm horses 1965-1975

Photo Archives
 

.379-.420 Priscilla Bell Farm horses; [color transparencies] 1966

Photo Archives
 

.421-.424 Nathaniel Colley, Santa Anita Park, Arcadia, CA c. 1970s

Photo Archives
 

.425 California State Board of Education meeting c. 1961

Photo Archives
 

.426 California State Board of Education April 13, 1962

Photo Archives
 

.427 Jerlean and Nathaniel Colley at White House reception for Grand Duchess of Luxembourg April 30, 1963

Photo Archives
 

.428 Nathaniel Colley and President George H.W. Bush at White House January 21, 1990

Photo Archives
 

.429 Nathaniel Colley and President Jimmy Carter at the White House March 27, 1980

Photo Archives