Florence Barclay Hyatt Photograph Collection

Huntington Library. Photo Archives
Huntington Library. Photo Archives
Photograph Collections, 1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
(626) 405-2129

Descriptive Summary

Title: Florence Barclay Hyatt Photograph Collection
Dates: ca. 1860s-1890s
Collection Number: photCL 178
Creator/Collector: Northwestern Photographic Company
Extent: 50 items total: 22 photographs; 21 tintypes; 6 card photographs; 1 daguerreotype. Photographs 15 x 20 cm. (6 x 8 in.) and smaller. See itemized list under “Additional collection guides.”
Repository: Huntington Library. Photo Archives
San Marino, California 91108
Abstract: This collection mainly shows people involved in and the aftermath of the Wounded Knee Massacre from 1890 to 1891, including Buffalo Bill, Captain Frank Dwight Baldwin, General Nelson Appleton Miles, and Chief Kicking Bear. Other images include nature scenes in the mid-Western United States and portraits of Florence Barclay Hyatt’s extended family members.
Language of Material: English


Access is granted to qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact the Curator of Photographs.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Photographs. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Huntington as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

Florence Barclay Hyatt Photograph Collection . Huntington Library. Photo Archives

Acquisition Information

Purchased from Shorey’s Bookstore March 7, 1963.

Biography/Administrative History

Florence Barclay Hyatt was born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1865; her mother had been a Union nurse while her father had been a soldier in the Union army during the Civil War. In 1876, Florence’s family moved to the Dakota Territory; one of the first bits of news that greeted them here was of the Custer Massacre, and Florence remembered watching personally the soldiers calling on Mrs. Custer to inform her of the tragedy. Later in life, Florence married Wellington Barrington Hyatt, whose father was Aaron Hyatt, a well known Civil War gunsmith. The Hyatts had a son whom they named Ray Hyatt. Relocating seemed to be a way of life for Florence. Throughout the years, she had lived in Bismarck, North Dakota; Chadron, Nebraska; Savanna, Illinois; Chicago, Illinois; and Seattle, Washington.

Scope and Content of Collection

A significant portion of photographs chronicle the aftermath of the Wounded Knee Massacre in southwestern South Dakota. This event stemmed from white settlers’ fears of the Indian Ghost Dance, which many settlers and the U.S. army saw as a war dance that encouraged physical violence. Tensions between the Sioux and the U.S. army came to a head in December 1890, when a Sioux rifle accidently discharged, prompting the U.S. army to shoot and kill more than 250 Sioux Indians, mainly women and children. Photographs show images of the corpses of Sioux Indians in a mass grave, Chief Hollow Wood, Chief Young Man Afraid of his Horses, council meetings amongst Sioux chiefs, the Ghost Dance, Pine Ridge Indian Agency, Indian police, the Pine Ridge Agency hospital, Indian men and women, and the remnants of Indian camps. Views of the mid-Western United States include Sioux Indian Red Tomahawk; Minnehaha Falls in Minnesota; the 1890 Corn Palace in Sioux City, Iowa; and various nature scenes. A collection of Civil War era tintypes and card photographs depict Florence Barclay Hyatt’s family members from the Askren, Johnson, Kirkpatrick, Messenger, and Ruark families. Some of these portraits have been identified while others remain unknown. The Northwestern Photographic Company created Wounded Knee Massacre photographs (1-15). F.B. Fiske created photograph (15) of Red Tomahawk, and Brown & Wait created photograph (21) of the Corn Palace at Sioux City, Iowa.

Indexing Terms

Corn palaces
Dakota Indians
Ghost dance
Indians of North America--Great Plains
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Pine Ridge Agency
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890
Baldwin, Frank Dwight, 1842-1923
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917
Kicking Bear, 1853-1904
Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925
Red Tomahawk (Dakota Indian), ca. 1853-1931
Young Man Afraid of His Horse, ca. 1830-1900
Chadron (Neb.)
Minnehaha Falls (Minn.)
Card photographs

Additional collection guides