A hand-written manuscript entitled "The Indian Woman of San Nicolas," which records the remembrances of George Nidever, as
recorded by E. F. Murray in Santa Barbara, California, November 4, 1878, and a hand-written note of biographical information
Juana Maria (died October 18, 1853), better known to history as the Lone Woman of San Nicolas Island (her Indian name is unknown),
was a Native American woman who was the last surviving member of her tribe, the Nicoleño. She lived alone on San Nicolas Island
from 1835 until her discovery in 1853.George Nidever (also spelled Nidiver) (1802, December 20 – 1883, March 24) was an American mountain man, explorer, fur trapper,
memoirist and sailor. In the 1830s he became one of the first wave of American settlers to move to Mexican California, where
he made his living in fur trapping. In 1853 he led the expedition that rescued Juana Maria, the last member of the Nicoleño
people, from San Nicolas Island where she had been living alone for eighteen years. Toward the end of his life Nidever wrote
a memoir, "Life and Adventures of George Nidever."
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