Mr. Leonard served as counsel for the
International Longshore and Warehouse Union through several phases of labor
disagreements including such issues as civil rights, racial discrimination, hiring and
registration disputes, and management's unfair labor practices. The files of
Leonard and Carder consist of legal cases brought before the court by their firm over
the period 1951 to 1983. The documents found within the collection substantiate the
process of labor arbitrations through National Labor Relation Board hearings, state and
federal court cases and within the ILWU itself.
Norman Leonard was born in New York City on 27 February 1914. As a young man he moved
with his family to Los Angeles, where he was graduated from UCLA in 1934. He later
obtained an MA (1935) and an LL.B. (1938) from Columbia University. Leonard was first
employed as a lawyer by the firm of Gladstein, Grossman and Margolis, which represented
waterfront and other labor unions in San Francisco. During the McCarthy era the law firm
also represented political dissidents, including members of the Communist Party. Mr.
Leonard practiced law continuously until 1986, with the exception of his US naval
service during World War II.
Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s)
of this collection has not been transferred to California State University,
Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or
reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond
that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners.
Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of
the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
The collection is open for research use.