Guide to the Herbert and Gertrude Kaufman papers
Finding aid prepared by Judith Janec
Tauber Holocaust Library
JFCS Holocaust Center
2245 Post Street
San Francisco, CA, 94115
Title: Herbert and Gertrude Kaufman papers
Identifier/Call Number: 1988.1122
Tauber Holocaust Library
Language of Material:
Storage Unit: Archives Box 4
0.1 Linear feet
comprising three folders of documents and artifacts
Date (bulk): Bulk, 1922-1947
Date (inclusive): 1922-1968
The collection is comprised of identification and travel documents relating to the Kaufman family's experiences in Shanghai
from 1941-1947, together with certificates, mostly employment related, from Germany during the period 1922-1940. The collection
also includes two Nazi armbands.
Language of Materials note:
Materials are in German, English, and Chinese.
Conditions Governing Use note
There are no restrictions to use for this collection.
Conditions Governing Access note
There are no restrictions to access for this collection. However, several documents are fragile and cannot be handled.
Herbert Kaufman was in Essen, Germany in 1904. He lived in Herne, where he worked for different businesses as a laborer and
salesman. He fled to Shanghai, China in July 1940, and spent the war years there, where he worked as a fireman from 1941 to
1944. Mr. Kaufman worked for the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee from 1944 to 1946 as a camp guard, and emigrated
to the United States in June 1947. He was married to Gertrud Kaufmann. They and their two children were featured in an article
in a local Oakland newspaper, which showed them eating their first Thanksgiving dinner, probably in the early 1950s.
Scope and Contents note
This collection documents the experiences of a Jewish German couple who fled Germany and spent the war years in Shanghai,
China. The collection includes documents related to Herbert Kaufman's life in Germany before their emigration, including several
letters of recommendation, as well as passport, work and other certificates. Documents from Shanghai include a resident certificate
for Gertrud Kaufman; and travel permit, letters of recommendation for Herbert Kaufman and his affidavit in lieu of passport,
allowing him to emigrate to the United States; and immunization records for Gertrude and Herbert Kaufman. The collection also
includes two Nazi armbands.
Preferred Citation note
Herbert and Gertrude Kaufman papers - 1988.1122, Tauber Holocaust Library - JFCS Holocaust Center, San Francisco, California
Related Archival Materials note
See also Gertrude Kaufman oral history interview - OHP.9622.
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Armbands -- Germany
Certificates -- Germany
Certificates -- Shanghai
Jewish families -- Germany
Jewish ghettos -- China -- Shanghai
Jewish refugees -- China -- Shanghai
Jews -- China -- Shanghai
Travel documents -- China -- Shanghai
United States -- Emigration and immigration
World War, 1939-1945 -- China -- Shanghai
German language documents,
Herbert Kaufman documents,
1940 March 31
Letters of recommendation,
Shanghai period documents,
Gertrude Kaufman resident certificate,
Letters of referral and confirmation of employment for Herbert Kaufman
Affidavit in lieu of passport for Herbert Kaufman
Vaccination certificates for Herbert and Gertrud Kaufman
Artifacts comprise two Nazi armbands - on is a NSDAP (Nazi Party) armband; the second is a white armband printed with the
Hoheitszeichen (national emblem-style eage and swastika).