Hanni Sondheimer Vogelweid was born on
October 5, 1923, in Berlin, Germany. Her family was living in Lithuania when World War
II began, and fled to Japan in an attempt to emigrate to America where they had
relatives. This did not work out, and the family was forced to move to Shanghai, as they
had become officially stateless upon leaving Lithuania. Vogelweid lived in Shanghai from
1941 to 1946, and during the war was forced to live in the Hongkew ghetto with other
Jewish refugees. The collection consists of personal documents Vogelweid used when she
lived in Shanghai, including correspondence, vital records, personal identification
documents, and some publications.
Hanni Sondheimer Vogelweid was born on October 5, 1923, in Berlin, Germany, to Moritz
and Setty Sondheimer. The family moved from Germany to Estonia to do business, and later
settled in Kaunas, Lithuania. At the start of World War II, the family, who was Jewish,
began to look for a way out of Lithuania, as anti-semitism was rising in Eastern Europe.
They were issued a visa to Japan by Chiune Sugihara, the Japanese vice consul in
Lithuania credited with saving thousands of Jews by providing transit visas, and left
Lithuania in February of 1941 with money sent from American relatives.
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that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners.
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The collection is open for research use.