Register of the Ernest Schelling papers

Finding aid prepared by David Jacobs and Sarah Patton
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2013, 2016


Title: Ernest Schelling papers
Date (inclusive): 1867-1994
Collection Number: 2012C39
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English, French, and German
Physical Description: 10 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes (9.6 linear feet)
Abstract: The Ernest Schelling papers largely consist of printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia, much of it relating to Schelling’s service as a major in the United States Army during World War I and as an assistant military attaché in Switzerland during and immediately after that war. The papers also contain materials pertaining to Schelling’s long career as a classical pianist and conductor, and especially to his friendship with the Polish musician and statesman, Ignace (Ignacy) Paderewski. There is some personal correspondence in the collection, as well as correspondence belonging to Lucie (Lucy) Schelling (Ernest Schelling’s first wife) and Helen “Peggy” Schelling (his second wife and widow).
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Schelling, Ernest, 1876-1939.

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ernest Schelling papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2012 from the family of Schelling's second wife, Helen "Peggy" Marshall, later Mrs. Helen Scholz, with incremental material received later.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Related Archival Materials note

Ernest Schelling collection, International Piano Archives, University of Maryland

Separated Materials

Orders, Decorations and Insignia, Military and Civil; With the History and Romance of Their Origin and a Full Description of Each, Robert Wyllie, 1921, given to Hoover Library.

Biographical Note

1876 July 26 Born, Belvedere, New Jersey
1888 Began studying piano with Ignace Paderewski
1917 Commissioned as major in the United States Army
1917-1919 Served as assistant military attaché, American Legation, Berne, Switzerland
1924-1939 Conductor, Young People's Concerts of the New York Philharmonic Symphonic Society
1936-1938 Music director, Baltimore Symphony
1939 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

The Ernest Schelling papers largely consist of printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia, much of it relating to Schelling’s service as a major in the United States Army during World War I and as an assistant military attaché in Switzerland during and immediately after that war. The World War I materials include copies of American government publications relating to military affairs, clippings, serial issues, and numerous photographs depicting soldiers of the American Expeditionary Forces in action in France and Germany. There are also copies of proclamations issued by the German military in occupied Belgium. In addition, the papers contain Schelling’s translation of one volume of the official German history of World War I. Official and personal correspondence, memoranda, reports, printed matter, and other materials relating to Schelling's service as an assistant military attaché can also be found in the Incremental Materials (Boxes 8-13).
Also included in the collection are materials pertaining to Schelling’s long career as a classical pianist and conductor, and especially to his friendship with the Polish musician and statesman, Ignace (Ignacy) Paderewski. There are photographs of Paderewski, including ones from his childhood, as well as programs relating to concert performances by Paderewski.
There is also some personal correspondence in the collection, as well as correspondence belonging to Lucie (Lucy) Schelling (Ernest Schelling’s first wife) and Helen “Peggy” Schelling (his second wife and widow). The collection also contains significant memorabilia, including various awards received by Schelling, as well as his World War I army uniform.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Paderewski, Ignace Jan, 1860-1941.
United States. Army.
World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns.

Box 1

Biographical File, 1904-1937

Box/Folder 1 : 1

Address book, 1922

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Letters of appointment as major in the U.S. Army, 1918-1937

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Lists of awards and commissions, 1920-1937

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Passport and visas, 1904-1919

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Clippings relating to World War I and European politics, 1918

Box 1

Correspondence, 1916-1929

Box/Folder 1 : 6

Godson, W. F. H., 1927

Box/Folder 1 : 7

Riaño y Gayangos, Juan, 1916-1917

Box/Folder 1 : 8

University of Pennsylvania (Edward W. Mumford, Josiah H. Penniman), 1928-1929

Box 1

Declassified U.S. Government Publications, 1917

Box/Folder 1 : 9-12

Army War College, 1917

Box/Folder 1 : 13

U.S. State Department, 1917

Box/Folder 1 : 14

Leaflets from Germany, Poland, and Switzerland, 1918-1920

Boxes 1-2

Photographs, 1867-1941

Box/Folder 1 : 15

4 prints depicting Ernest Schelling in military uniform, 1920

Box/Folder 1 : 16

4 prints depicting Ernest Schelling and Allied military attachés in Berne, Switzerland, 1920

Box/Folder 1 : 17

1 print depicting Ernest Schelling and Allied military attachés in Berne, Switzerland, 1920

Box/Folder 1 : 18

1 print depicting Ernest Schelling and Ignace (Ignacy) Paderewski at ceremony when Schelling was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, 1923

Box/Folder 1 : 19

1 print depicting Ernest Schelling, 1930

Box/Folder 1 : 20

6 prints depicting Ernest Schelling and Ignace Paderewski, 1935

Box/Folder 2 : 1

7 reproductions depicting Ignace Paderewski and his family, 1867-1875

Box/Folder 2 : 2

1 print and 2 reproductions depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1890-1905

Box/Folder 2 : 3

11 prints depicting Ignace Paderewski and his family, 1890-1905

Box/Folder 2 : 4

1 print depicting an artist's sketch of Ignace Paderewski, 1891

Box/Folder 2 : 5

1 print and 1 reproduction depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1900

Box/Folder 2 : 6

3 prints and 1 reproduction depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1920

Box/Folder 2 : 7

1 print depicting a sculpture of Ignace Paderewski, 1923

Box/Folder 2 : 8

1 print depicting a portrait of Ignace Paderewski, 1930

Box/Folder 2 : 9

2 prints depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1935

Box/Folder 2 : 10

6 prints depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1935-1940

Box/Folder 2 : 11

3 prints depicting Ignace Paderewski and Eleanor Roosevelt, 1941

Box/Folder 2 : 12

1 print depicting Alfred Paderewski, 1899

Box/Folder 2 : 13

1 signed print depicting Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, 1936

Box/Folder 2 : 14

30 prints of U.S. Army Signal Corps photographs depicting American soliders during World War I, 1918

Box/Folder 2 : 15

29 prints of U.S. Army Signal Corps photographs depicting American soldiers during World War I, 1918

Box/Folder 2 : 16

2 prints of U.S. Army Signal Corps photographs depicting women volunteers in France, 1918

Box/Folder 2 : 17

12 prints of U.S. Army Signal Corps photographs depicting Allied military airplanes, 1918

Box/Folder 2 : 18

3 prints depicting Lieutenant Fletcher, 1918

Box/Folder 2 : 19

34 prints depicting soldiers of the Swiss army, 1918

Box/Folder 2 : 20

1 print depicting a collection of weapons and armor belonging to Ernest Schelling, 1930

Box/Folder 3 : 1

Proclamations issued by the German military in occupied Belgium, 1914-1915

Box/Folder 3 : 2

Programs relating to concert recitals by Ignace Paderewski, 1915-1942

Box/Folder 3 : 3-6

Translation by Ernest Schelling of official history of the German army in World War I, Der Weltkrieg 1914 bis 1918, volume II, 1926

Box/Folder 3 : 7

Helen "Peggy" Schelling correspondence file, 1940-1994

Box/Folder 3 : 8

Lucie (Lucy) Schelling correspondence file, 1924

Boxes 4-6

Oversize Materials, 1914-1936

Box/Folder 4 : 1

Blueprints and description of German trenches, 1915

Box/Folder 4 : 2

Certificates, 1919-1936

 

Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur, 1919

 

Order Odrodzenia Polski, Polonia Restituta, 1925

 

Ordre du Saint-Sépulcre Orthodoxe, 1929

 

Distinguished Service Medal, 1934

 

Credentials as delegate to International Theater Congress, 1936

Box/Folder 4 : 3

Letter of appointment from the U.S. Army, 1918

Box/Folder 4 : 4

Maps of France, Germany, and the United States, 1917-1918

Box/Folder 4 : 5

Photograph depicting Ernest Schelling at a military ceremony, 1921

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Print of President Taft, 1913

Scope and Contents note

Includes an inscription by Taft: "For Mr. Ernest Schelling with grateful appreciation of the wonderful music drawn from the piano he gave us at the White House February 7th 1913."
Box/Folder 4 : 7

Print of portrait of Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (German philosopher), undated

Box/Folder 4 : 8

Poster insert from German newspaper, 1917

Box/Folder 4 : 9

Proclamations issued by the German army in Belgium and France, 1914-1916

 

Serial issues, 1914-1919

Box/Folder 4 : 10

Basler Nachrichten, 1917 December 19

 

Berliner Ilustrirte Zeitung, 1917 November 25

 

Der Bund, 1918 November 1-December 19

 

L’Écho de Grèce, 1918 May 23

 

La Feuille, 1918 January 21-April 30

 

Frankfurter Zeitung, 1914 September 15

 

Gazette de Laussanne, 1914 December 13

 

Illustrirte Zeitung, 1917 December 13

 

Impartial Suisse, 1918 December 21-1919 January 4

Box/Folder 4 : 11

Der Kommunist, 1919 April

 

Lustigen Blätter, No. 37, 1914

 

Nachrichtenblatt für Balten, 1919 March 26-April 3

 

La Nation, 1918 February 24-March 9

 

Neue Zeitung, 1919 February 22

 

Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 1917 December 16

 

Neuer Freier Aargauer, 1917 December 28

 

Schweizer Illustrierte Zeitung, 1918 March 30

 

Stimmen aus dem Osten, 1919 March 19-26

Box/Folder 4 : 12

La Suisse, 1918 November 9

 

Über Land und Meer, No. 49, 1914

 

Der Welt Spiegel, 1914 September 13

 

Die wirtschaftliche Demobilmachung, 1919 February 8-9

 

Die Woche, 1914 September 12

 

Memorabilia, 1918-1934

Box 5

Framed display of medals awarded to Ernest Schelling, 1919-1934

Scope and Contents note

Includes the Ordre National de la Légion d’honneur; the Order Odrodzenia Polski, Polonia Restituta; the Ordre du Saint-Sépulcre Orthodoxe; and the Distinguished Service Medal.
Box 6

U.S. Army cap worn by Ernest Schelling, 1918

Box 6

U.S. Army jacket worn by Ernest Schelling, 1918

Box 6

U.S. Army patches, 1918-1920

Box 6

U.S. Army pins and insignia, 1918-1920

Box 6

Légion d'Honneur (Legion of Honor) medal and case, 1918

Box 6

Order of Polonia Restituta case, undated

Box 6

Pair of stirrups, 1918

Box 7

Printed Matter, 1911-1928

Box/Folder 7 : 1

Brochures relating to Ignace Paderewski, 1916-1928

 

Monographs 1911-1928

Box/Folder 7 : 2

Infantry Drill Regulations, United States Army, 1911

Box/Folder 7 : 3

Regulations of the Army of the United States, 1917

Box/Folder 7 : 4

Géographie des principales puissances du monde, 1918

Box/Folder 7 : 5

Gore, James Howard, American Legionnaires of France, 1920

 

To Ignace Paderewski, Artist, Patriot, Humanitarian, 1928

 

Pamphlets relating to American and German military policy, 1917

Box/Folder 7 : 7

General, 1917

Box/Folder 7 : 8

Army War College, 1917

Boxes 8-13

Incremental Materials, 1899-1991

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, memoranda, reports, printed matter, newspaper clippings, ephemera, address books, notebooks, passports, and photographs largely relating to Schelling's time as an assistant military attaché in Switzerland after World War I and his friendship with Ignace Paderewski, arranged alphabetically by subject or physical form. See "Key to military file" (Box 8, folder 1) for more information about the organization of the materials.
Box/Folder 8 : 1

Key to military file, undated

Scope and Contents note

Handwritten and typed notes provided by a relative of Schelling's, detailing the organization of Schelling's papers. There is an item-level index indicating which items were found together under Schelling's original organizational scheme and then a cross-reference indicating which descriptive headings the items were put under. These latter headings are what were used as the folder titles for the Military file of the Incremental Materials, and any additional notes were added as Scope and Content notes, in quotation marks.
 

Military file, 1912-1963

Box/Folder 8 : 2

Accident, 1919-1920

Box/Folder 8 : 3

Agents, 1918-1919, undated

Box/Folder 8 : 4

Biographical material, 1917-1939

Scope and Contents note

Includes military identity cards, diplomatic passes and passports, certificates, travel documents, and summaries of Schelling's military activities/rankings and decorations.
Box/Folder 8 : 5-6

Bolshevism, 1918-1919, undated

Box/Folder 8 : 7

Codes, undated

 

Correspondence

Box/Folder 8 : 8-9, Box/Folder 9 : 1

Official, 1914-1934

Scope and Contents note

From folders labeled "Major Schelling - Official," "Major Schelling - Official - Personal," and "Poland." Largely consists of correspondence and orders directly relating to Schelling's military duties.
Box/Folder 9 : 2-3

Unofficial, 1912-1935

Scope and Contents note

From folder labeled "Military - Unofficial letters to Major Schelling." Largely consists of correspondence received by Schelling during his military career or from military colleagues unrelated to his duties or of a more personal nature.
Box/Folder 9 : 4-5

General information on intelligence, 1917-1924, 1954

Box/Folder 9 : 6

Inventions, 1914, 1918

Box/Folder 10 : 1-2

Lists, 1919, undated

Scope and Contents note

"Lists of officials - Berne; official address book; M.A. ball - June 26, 1919."
Box/Folder 10 : 3

Maps, undated

Box/Folder 10 : 4

Military Intelligence Reserve, 1920-1939

Box/Folder 10 : 5

Military Intelligence resumé, 1923, undated

Scope and Contents note

"Report of military attaché's office."
Box/Folder 10 : 6

Military Order of the World War, 1926-1938

Box/Folder 10 : 7

Miscellaneous, 1916-1923, 1938, 1963

Box/Folder 10 : 8

Photographs of friends and colleagues, 1919-1920, undated

Scope and Contents note

Original folder included handwritten notation: "See article, Musical Courier, April 14, 1921."
Box/Folder 10 : 9

Reports re Austria, 1918

Scope and Contents note

"1 by Major Schelling."
Box/Folder 10 : 10

Reports re Bulgaria and Turkey, 1918

Scope and Contents note

"1 by Major Schelling."
Box/Folder 10 : 11

Reports re France, 1914, 1918

Box/Folder 10 : 12, Box/Folder 11 : 1

Reports re Germany, 1918-1920

Scope and Contents note

"(?) several by Major Schelling."
Box/Folder 11 : 2

Reports re grippe, 1918

Box/Folder 11 : 3

Reports re Poland, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, Lithuania, 1918, undated

Box/Folder 11 : 4

Reports re prisoners, 1914-1919

Box/Folder 11 : 5

Reports re Russia, 1917-1918

Box/Folder 11 : 6

Reports re Switzerland, 1917-1919

Scope and Contents note

"At least 6 by Major Schelling."
Box/Folder 11 : 7

Reports re United States, 1917-1921

Box/Folder 11 : 8

Reserve Officers Association, 1920-1938

Scope and Contents note

"Includes 61st Cavalry Division."
 

Personal file, 1899-1991

Box/Folder 11 : 9-10

Address books and notebooks, undated

 

Paderewski, Ignace (Ignacy), 1899-1965

 

Correspondence

Box/Folder 12 : 1-4

Between the Schellings (Ernest, Lucie, Helen) and Paderewski/Paderewska, 1899-1941

Scope and Contents note

Letters, notes, cables, telegrams, and postcards. With two exceptions, the postcards (1902-1904) are addressed to Madame [Helena] Paderewska from Ernest Schelling. The other two are addressed to Madame Jaszowska, Paderewska's aunt.
 

Between Ernest Schelling and others re Paderewski

Box/Folder 12 : 5

General, 1899-1939

Box/Folder 12 : 6

Re "Memoirs" (Mary Lawton book), 1929, 1938-1940

Box/Folder 12 : 7

Re newspaper articles, 1915-1934

Scope and Contents note

The majority of the material relates to a Saturday Evening Post article, 7 April 1934, which disparaged Paderewski.
Box/Folder 12 : 8

Re Paderewski week (17-23 January 1937) and proposed Paderewski Fund, 1936-1940

Box/Folder 12 : 9

Re Paso Robles ranch, 1921, undated

Box/Folder 12 : 10

Strakacz, Sylwin, 1931-1939

Box/Folder 12 : 11

Between Helen "Peggy" Schelling and others re Paderewski, 1940-1965

Box/Folder 12 : 12

Between Lucie (Lucy) Schelling and others re Paderewski, 1920-1934

Scope and Contents note

Includes RSVPs (acceptances and regrets) to 20 February 1921 reception for Paderewski at the Colony Club.
Box/Folder 13 : 1

Funeral, 1941, 1946, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes handwritten notes regarding annoucement of funeral services at Arlington National Cemetery in 1941, invitation to a fifth anniversary mass in 1946, and a list of friends.
Box/Folder 13 : 2

Miscellaneous, 1901-1942, undated

Scope and Contents note

Notes, receipts, press release, and summaries of information relating to Paderewski, Schelling, and other topics.
Box/Folder 13 : 3

Photographs, 1930s, undated

Scope and Contents note

Largely photographs of Paderewski and Schelling, but some group shots of Paderewski in domestic setting with others are included as well. See also: Boxes 1-2.
Box/Folder 13 : 4

Tributes (by Schelling), 1915-1940, undated

Box/Folder 13 : 5

Photographs of Schelling (4 prints), undated

Scope and Contents note

See also: Boxes 1-2.
Box/Folder 13 : 6

Schelling, Helen "Peggy," 1939-1991

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, printed matter, press release, and program relating to Schelling and his legacy, the military, and Paderewski, received or collected by Schelling's second wife, Helen.
Box/Folder 13 : 7-8

Schelling, Lucie (Lucy), 1914-1938

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, and passports of Schelling's first wife, Lucie, as well as materials relating to her death and funeral.
Box/Folder 13 : 9

Miscellaneous, 1930, 1960, undated

Scope and Contents note

Consists of a cartoon, undated; a typescript draft of a concert program, undated; a zeppelin ticket, 1930; and a flyer for a piano recital by Claudette Sorel, 1960.
Box/Folder 13 : 10-11

Printed matter, 1919-1949

 

Aubert, Maître, Bolshevism's Terrible Record: An Indictment, issued under the auspices of the Entente Internationale contre le IIIe Internationale, 1924

 

Flynn, John T., The Road Ahead: America's Creeping Revolution, 1949

 

Herzig & McLean, Inc., General Pershing's Story of the American Army in France, 1919

Scope and Contents note

Reprints General Pershing's 20 November 1918 report to the Secretary of War, as well as some World War I poetry.
 

Novik, Dmitri, Théodore Aubert et Son Oeuvre: Le Mouvement International Contre le Bolchévisme, édition des Amis de l'Entente Internationale contre la IIIe Internationale, 1932

 

Otto Ulbrich Co., Catalogue of United States Martial Short Arms, 1939

Box/Folder 13 : 12

Tributes, 1940, 1956

Scope and Contents note

Related to Schelling's support of music and his fellow musicians, particularly through the Musicians Emergency Fund.
Box 13

Declassified U.S. Government Records, 1918, 1920, undated

Scope and Contents note

Formerly security-classified records of the U.S. government, released in full or in part. Arranged chronologically by date of release by Hoover, thereunder chronologically by date of creation.
Box/Folder 13 : 13

2016 January release of records, 1918, 1920, undated

Scope and Contents note

Consists of documents relating to Schelling's work as an assistant military attaché in Berne, Switzerland after World War I:
"Synposis of Cables Between the American Minister, Berne, Switzerland, and the State Department, with Reference to McN.," undated.
Memorandum re the Czech delegation in Switzerland, undated.
Letter from Schelling to Colonel Van Deman, Chielf Intelligence Section, War College, Washington D.C., 2 March 1918.
"The Situation in Germany: An Interview with a German Officer in the Würtemberg Infantry (Engineer Corps), a Mining Engineer," 25 May 1920.