Register of the Ernest Schelling papers

Finding aid prepared by David Jacobs
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2013, 2016


Title: Ernest Schelling papers
Date (inclusive): 1867-1994
Collection Number: 2012C39
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English, French, and German
Physical Description: 7 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes (9.6 linear feet)
Abstract: The Ernest Schelling papers largely consist of printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia, much of it relating to Schelling’s service as a major in the United States Army during World War I and as an assistant military attaché in Switzerland during and immediately after that war. The papers also contain materials pertaining to Schelling’s long career as a classical pianist and conductor, and especially to his friendship with the Polish musician and statesman, Ignace Paderewski. There is some personal correspondence in the collection, as well as correspondence belonging to Lucy Schelling (Ernest Schelling’s first wife) and Helen “Peggy” Schelling (his second wife and widow).
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Schelling, Ernest, 1876-1939.

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ernest Schelling papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2012 from the family of Schelling's second wife, Helen "Peggy" Marshall, later Mrs. Helen Scholz, with incremental material received later.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Related Archival Materials note

Ernest Schelling collection, International Piano Archives, University of Maryland

Biographical Note

1876 July 26 Born, Belvedere, New Jersey
1888 Began studying piano with Ignace Paderewski
1917 Commissioned as major in the United States Army
1917-1919 Served as assistant military attaché, American Legation, Berne, Switzerland
1924-1939 Conductor, Young People's Concerts of the New York Philharmonic Symphonic Society
1936-1938 Music director, Baltimore Symphony
1939 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

The Ernest Schelling papers largely consist of printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia, much of it relating to Schelling’s service as a major in the United States Army during World War I and as an assistant military attaché in Switzerland during and immediately after that war. The World War I materials include copies of American government publications relating to military affairs, clippings, serial issues, and numerous photographs depicting soldiers of the American Expeditionary Forces in action in France and Germany. There are also copies of proclamations issued by the German military in occupied Belgium. In addition, the papers contain Schelling’s translation of one volume of the official German history of World War I. Official and personal correspondence, memoranda, reports, printed matter, and other materials relating to Schelling's service as an assistant military attaché can also be found in the Incremental Materials (Boxes 8-10).
Also included in the collection are materials pertaining to Schelling’s long career as a classical pianist and conductor, and especially to his friendship with the Polish musician and statesman, Ignace Paderewski. There are photographs of Paderewski, including ones from his childhood, as well as programs relating to concert performances by Paderewski.
There is also some personal correspondence in the collection, as well as correspondence belonging to Lucy Schelling (Ernest Schelling’s first wife) and Helen “Peggy” Schelling (his second wife and widow). The collection also contains significant memorabilia, including various awards received by Schelling, as well as his World War I army uniform.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Paderewski, Ignace Jan, 1860-1941.
United States. Army.
World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns.

Box 1

Biographical File, 1904-1937

Box/Folder 1 : 1

Address book, 1922

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Letters of appointment as major in the U.S. Army, 1918-1937

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Lists of awards and commissions, 1920-1937

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Passport and visas, 1904-1919

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Clippings relating to World War I and European politics, 1918

Box 1

Correspondence, 1916-1929

Box/Folder 1 : 6

Godson, W. F. H., 1927

Box/Folder 1 : 7

Riaño y Gayangos, Juan, 1916-1917

Box/Folder 1 : 8

University of Pennsylvania (Edward W. Mumford, Josiah H. Penniman), 1928-1929

Box 1

Declassified U.S. Government Publications, 1917

Box/Folder 1 : 9-12

Army War College, 1917

Box/Folder 1 : 13

U.S. State Department, 1917

Box/Folder 1 : 14

Leaflets from Germany, Poland, and Switzerland, 1918-1920

Photographs 1-2

Photographs, 1867-1941

Photographs 1 : 15

4 prints depicting Ernest Schelling in military uniform, 1920

Photographs 1 : 16

4 prints depicting Ernest Schelling and Allied military attachés in Berne, Switzerland, 1920

Photographs 1 : 17

1 print depicting Ernest Schelling and Allied military attachés in Berne, Switzerland, 1920

Photographs 1 : 18

1 print depicting Ernest Schelling and Ignace Paderewski at ceremony when Schelling was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, 1923

Photographs 1 : 19

1 print depicting Ernest Schelling, 1930

Photographs 1 : 20

6 prints depicting Ernest Schelling and Ignace Paderewski, 1935

Photographs 2 : 1

7 reproductions depicting Ignace Paderewski and his family, 1867-1875

Photographs 2 : 2

1 print and 2 reproductions depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1890-1905

Photographs 2 : 3

11 prints depicting Ignace Paderewski and his family, 1890-1905

Photographs 2 : 4

1 print depicting an artist's sketch of Ignace Paderewski, 1891

Photographs 2 : 5

1 print and 1 reproduction depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1900

Photographs 2 : 6

3 prints and 1 reproduction depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1920

Photographs 2 : 7

1 print depicting a scuplture of Ignace Paderewski, 1923

Photographs 2 : 8

1 print depicting a portrait of Ignace Paderewski, 1930

Photographs 2 : 9

2 prints depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1935

Photographs 2 : 10

6 prints depicting Ignace Paderewski, 1935-1940

Photographs 2 : 11

3 prints depicting Ignace Paderewski and Eleanor Roosevelt, 1941

Photographs 2 : 12

1 print depicting Alfred Paderewski, 1899

Photographs 2 : 13

1 signed print depicting Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, 1936

Photographs 2 : 14

30 prints of U.S. Army Signal Corps photographs depicting American soliders during World War I, 1918

Photographs 2 : 15

29 prints of U.S. Army Signal Corps photographs depicting American soldiers during World War I, 1918

Photographs 2 : 16

2 prints of U.S. Army Signal Corps photographs depicting women volunteers in France, 1918

Photographs 2 : 17

12 prints of U.S. Army Signal Corps photographs depicting Allied military airplanes, 1918

Photographs 2 : 18

3 prints depicting Lieutenant Fletcher, 1918

Photographs 2 : 19

34 prints depicting solidiers of the Swiss army, 1918

Photographs 2 : 20

1 print depicting a collection of weapons and armor belonging to Ernest Schelling, 1930

Box/Folder 3 : 1

Proclamations issued by the German military in occupied Belgium, 1914-1915

Box/Folder 3 : 2

Programs relating to concert recitals by Ignace Paderewski, 1915-1942

Box/Folder 3 : 3-6

Translation by Ernest Schelling of official history of the German army in World War I, Der Weltkrieg 1914 bis 1918, volume II, 1926

Box/Folder 3 : 7

Helen "Peggy" Schelling correspondence file, 1940-1994

Box/Folder 3 : 8

Lucy Schelling correspondence file, 1924

Boxes 4-6

Oversize Materials, 1914-1936

Box/Folder 4 : 1

Blueprints and description of German trenches, 1915

Box/Folder 4 : 2

Certificates, 1919-1936

 

Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur, 1919

 

Order Odrodzenia Polski, Polonia Restituta, 1925

 

Ordre du Saint-Sépulcre Orthodoxe, 1929

 

Distinguished Service Medal, 1934

 

Credentials as delegate to International Theater Congress, 1936

Box/Folder 4 : 3

Letter of appointment from the U.S. Army, 1918

Box/Folder 4 : 4

Maps of France, Germany, and the United States, 1917-1918

Box/Folder 4 : 5

Photograph depicting Ernest Schelling at a military ceremony, 1921

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Print of President Taft, 1913

Scope and Contents note

Includes an inscription by Taft: "For Mr. Ernest Schelling with grateful appreciation of the wonderful music drawn from the piano he gave us at the White House February 7th 1913."
Box/Folder 4 : 7

Print of portrait of Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (German philosopher), undated

Box/Folder 4 : 8

Poster insert from German newspaper, 1917

Box/Folder 4 : 9

Proclamations issued by the German army in Belgium and France, 1914-1916

 

Serial issues, 1914-1919

Box/Folder 4 : 10

Basler Nachrichten, 1917 December 19

 

Berliner Ilustrirte Zeitung, 1917 November 25

 

Der Bund, 1918 November 1-December 19

 

L’Écho de Grèce, 1918 May 23

 

La Feuille, 1918 January 21-April 30

 

Frankfurter Zeitung, 1914 September 15

 

Gazette de Laussanne, 1914 December 13

 

Illustrirte Zeitung, 1917 December 13

 

Impartial Suisse, 1918 December 21-1919 January 4

Box/Folder 4 : 11

Der Kommunist, 1919 April

 

Lustigen Blätter, No. 37, 1914

 

Nachrichtenblatt für Balten, 1919 March 26-April 3

 

La Nation, 1918 February 24-March 9

 

Neue Zeitung, 1919 February 22

 

Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 1917 December 16

 

Neuer Freier Aargauer, 1917 December 28

 

Schweizer Illustrierte Zeitung, 1918 March 30

 

Stimmen aus dem Osten, 1919 March 19-26

Box/Folder 4 : 12

La Suisse, 1918 November 9

 

Über Land und Meer, No. 49, 1914

 

Der Welt Spiegel, 1914 September 13

 

Die wirtschaftliche Demobilmachung, 1919 February 8-9

 

Die Woche, 1914 September 12

 

Memorabilia, 1918-1934

Memorabilia 5 : 1

Framed display of medals awarded to Ernest Schelling, 1919-1934

Scope and Contents note

Includes the Ordre National de la Légion d’honneur; the Order Odrodzenia Polski, Polonia Restituta; the Ordre du Saint-Sépulcre Orthodoxe; and the Distinguished Service Medal.
Memorabilia 6 : 1

U.S. Army cap worn by Ernest Schelling, 1918

Memorabilia 6 : 2

U.S. Army jacket worn by Ernest Schelling, 1918

Memorabilia 6 : 3

U.S. Army patches, 1918-1920

Memorabilia 6 : 4-5

U.S. Army pins and insignia, 1918-1920

Memorabilia 6 : 6

Pair of stirrups, 1918

Box 7

Printed Matter, 1911-1928

Box/Folder 7 : 1

Brochures relating to Ignace Paderewski, 1916-1928

 

Monographs 1911-1928

Box/Folder 7 : 2

Infantry Drill Regulations, United States Army, 1911

Box/Folder 7 : 3

Regulations of the Army of the United States, 1917

Box/Folder 7 : 4

Géographie des principales puissances du monde, 1918

Box/Folder 7 : 5

Gore, James Howard, American Legionnaires of France, 1920

 

To Ignace Paderewski, Artist, Patriot, Humanitarian, 1928

 

Pamphlets relating to American and German military policy, 1917

Box/Folder 7 : 7

General, 1917

Box/Folder 7 : 8

Army War College, 1917

Boxes 8-10

Incremental Materials, 1914-1963

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, memoranda, reports, printed matter, newspaper clippings, ephemera, and photographs, largely relating to Schelling's time as an assistant military attaché in Switzerland after World War I, arranged alphabetically by subject. See "Key to military file" (Box 8, folder 1) for more information about the organization of the materials.
Box/Folder 8 : 1

Key to military file, undated

Scope and Contents note

Handwritten and typed notes provided by a relative of Schelling's, detailing the organization of Schelling's papers. There is an item-level index indicating which items were found together under Schelling's original organizational scheme and then a cross-reference indicating which descriptive headings the items were put under. These latter headings are what were used as the folder titles for the Incremental Materials, and any additional notes were added as Scope and Content notes, in quotation marks.
Box/Folder 8 : 2

Military - Accident, 1919-1920

Box/Folder 8 : 3

Military - Bolshevism, 1918, undated

Box/Folder 8 : 4-5

Military - General information on intelligence, 1917-1924, 1954

Box/Folder 8 : 6

Military Intelligence Reserve, 1920-1939

Box/Folder 8 : 7

Military Intelligence resumé, 1923, undated

Scope and Contents note

"Report of military attaché's office."
Box/Folder 9 : 1

Military - Inventions, 1914, 1918

Box/Folder 9 : 2

Military - Maps, undated

Box/Folder 9 : 3

Military - Miscellaneous, 1916-1923, 1938, 1963

Box/Folder 9 : 4

Military Order of the World War, 1926-1938

Box/Folder 9 : 5

Military - Photographs of friends and colleagues, 1919-1920, undated

Scope and Contents note

Original folder included handwritten notation: "See article, Musical Courier, April 14, 1921."
Box/Folder 9 : 6

Military - Reports re Austria, 1918

Scope and Contents note

"1 by Major Schelling."
Box/Folder 9 : 7

Military - Reports re Bulgaria and Turkey, 1918

Scope and Contents note

"1 by Major Schelling."
Box/Folder 9 : 8-9

Military - Reports re Germany, 1918-1920

Scope and Contents note

"(?) several by Major Schelling."
Box/Folder 9 : 10

Military - Reports re grippe, 1918

Box/Folder 9 : 11

Military - Reports re Poland, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, Lithuania, 1918, undated

Box/Folder 9 : 12

Military - Reports re prisoners, 1914-1919

Box/Folder 9 : 13

Military - Reports re Russia, 1917-1918

Box/Folder 10 : 1

Military - Reports re Switzerland, 1917-1919

Scope and Contents note

"At least 6 by Major Schelling."
Box/Folder 10 : 2

Military - Reports re United States, 1917-1921

Box/Folder 10 : 3

Military - Reserve Officers Association, 1920-1938

Scope and Contents note

"Includes 61st Cavalry Division."
Box/Folder 10 : 4

Schelling - Official, 1917-1920

Box/Folder 10 : 5-6

Schelling - Official - Lists, 1919, undated

Scope and Contents note

"Lists of officials - Berne; official address book; M.A. ball - June 26, 1919."
Box/Folder 10 : 7

Schelling - Personal, 1914-1920, 1930s, 1960

Scope and Contents note

Includes materials relating to the funeral of Lucy Schelling.
Box 10

Declassified U.S. Government Records, 1918, 1920, undated

Scope and Contents note

Formerly security-classified records of the U.S. government, released in full or in part. Arranged chronologically by date of release by Hoover, thereunder chronologically by date of creation.
Box/Folder 10 : 8

2016 January release of records, 1918, 1920, undated

Scope and Contents note

Consists of documents relating to Schelling's work as an assistant military attaché in Berne, Switzerland after World War I:
"Synposis of Cables Between the American Minister, Berne, Switzerland, and the State Department, with Reference to McN.," undated.
Memorandum re the Czech delegation in Switzerland, undated.
Letter from Schelling to Colonel Van Deman, Chielf Intelligence Section, War College, Washington D.C., 2 March 1918.
"The Situation in Germany: An Interview with a German Officer in the Würtemberg Infantry (Engineer Corps), a Mining Engineer," 25 May 1920.