Photographs of Churches and Architecture in Mexico and England

ca. 1890s

Descriptive Summary

Title: Photographs of Churches and Architecture in Mexico and England
Dates: ca. 1890s
Collection Number: photCL 238
Creator/Collector: Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928; Valentine, James, 1815-1879; F. Frith & Co.
Extent: 261 photographs in 2 boxes; prints 19 x 28.5 cm (7.5 x 11 in.) and smaller. See itemized list under “Additional collection guides.”
Repository: Huntington Library. Photo Archives
Abstract: This disbound album is made up of two volumes, the first containing late 19th century photographs of sites throughout Mexico and parts of South America; most notable are Mexico City, Guanajuato, Zacatecas, Peru, Bolivia, and the Mesoamerican ruins of Mitla, Tiahuanacu, and Gran Chimu. Some of the photographs in volume one are cyanotypes made by C.F. Lummis. Views of some California missions are also included, with a focus on San Fernando Rey. The second volume of the album also holds late 19th century photographs of Anglican church buildings in England, featuring York Minster, Winchester Cathedral, and Ely Cathedral.
Language of Material: English


Access is granted to qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact the Curator of Photographs at the Huntington Library.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Photographs. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Huntington as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

Photographs of Churches and Architecture in Mexico and England. Huntington Library. Photo Archives

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Donald R. Kubly on December 18, 1979

Scope and Content of Collection

Vol 1: Photographs set in Mexico include images of street and church scenes in Mexico City, Aguacalientes, Zacatecas, Cuernavaca, Orizaba, Cordoba, Guanajuato, and Guadalupe. Noteworthy sights from this group include the Statue of Cuauhtémoc, Plaza de la Paz, Alhóndiga de Granaditas (where Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla’s severed head was publically displayed), Jardín Boda (the 1865 summer home of Maximilian I, the Emperor of Mexico), the Biblioteca Nacional de México, and the ancient Pre-Columbian ruins of Mitla. Photographs of South America include street scenes of Arequipa, Peru; Lima, Peru; Puno, Peru; La Paz, Bolivia, and the Pre-Columbian ruins of Tiahuanacu and Gran Chimu. Some of the photographs show scenes from the Western United States, mainly of California and New Mexico. Interesting images are of Missions San Carlos Borromeo, San José, San Juan Capistrano, San Fernando Rey, San Francisco de Asís, San Luis Rey, and Santa Barbara; also included are images of Diego de Vargas’ grave and the stone altar at Cristo Rey Church in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Volume 2 of this collection is made up of photographs of churches spread throughout England and Ireland. Many of the churches have not been identified, but among the ones that are known include: Ely Cathedral, York Minster, Canterbury Cathedral, Winchester Cathedral, and Robert of Knareborough’s Chapel (Yorkshire). Fifty-one of the Mexico photographs were created by a photographer by the name of Cox. Thirty-three of the Mexico, South America, and California mission photographs are attributed to C.F. Lummis; the remaining forty-nine Latin America photographs are not signed but may be by Lummis. All of the 128 photographs of English churches were created by various photographers and photograph companies, many of which remain unidentified.

Indexing Terms

Anglican churches—England
Basílica de Santa María de Guadalupe (Gustavo A. Madero, Mexico)
Biblioteca Nacional de México
Canterbury Cathedral
Catholic churches—Mexico
Ely Cathedral
Jardín Boda (Cuernavaca, Mexico)
Mission San Carlos Borromeo (Carmel, Calif.)
Mission San Jose (Alameda County, Calif.)
Mission San Juan Capistrano
Peterborough Cathedral
San Fernando, Rey de España (Mission : San Fernando, Calif.)
San Francisco de Asís Mission (San Francisco, Calif.)
San Luis Rey Mission (Calif.)
Santa Barbara Mission
St. Peter and St. Paul (Church : Wisbech, England)
York Minster
Winchester Cathedral
Agua Caliente (Baja California, Mexico)
Arequipa (Peru)
Belfast (Northern Ireland)
Guanajuato (Mexico)
La Paz (Bolivia)
Lima (Peru)
Puno (Puno, Peru)
Rostrevor (Northern Ireland)
Querétaro (Mexico)
San Pablo Villa de Mitla (Mexico)
Tiahuanacu (Bolivia)
Tlaltenango (Zacatecas, Mexico)
York (England)
Zacatecas (Mexico : State)
Architectural photographs

Additional collection guides