Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Francis E. Stafford photographs
Collection Number: 2012C34
Creator: Stafford, Francis E., 1884-1938
3 oversize boxes
(1.2 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Photographs of scenes in China, mainly between 1909 and 1915.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Collection is open for research.
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[Identification of item], Francis E. Stafford photographs, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives from Ronald E. Anderson (PhD, Stanford University, 1970) and family in 2012.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
Stafford was an American missionary in China from 1909 to 1915 and 1932 to 1933. A lithographer and photographer, he arrived
in Shanghai in 1909 and was hired by the Commercial Press-then Asia's largest publishing company--to manage its printing
division from 1909 to 1915. During the onset of the Wuchang Uprising in October 1911, Stafford was on hand to capture remarkable
photos of the Qing Dynasty's collapse.
Scope and Content of Collection
The collection, which consists of nearly 1,100 images, includes the largest number of surviving original photographic prints
of the Chinese Revolution of 1911. Stafford's historic pictorials record the turbulent period between 1910 and 1933, as China
transitioned from feudal monarchy to republic. Depicted are battle scenes, military and political figures, as well as everyday
people, life, and culture in China. Also included are rare glimpses of printing operations and employees of the Commercial
Stafford's photos first appeared in such publications as the
Da Ge Ming Xie Zhen Hua (War Scenes of the Chinese Revolution) and were reproduced as illustrated posters. His work has also been highlighted in several major museum exhibitions in Hong
Kong and Shanghai. In 2010 the University of Washington Press republished 162 of the photographs in
The Birth of a Republic: Francis Stafford's Photographs of China's 1911 Revolution and Beyond. As noted by the book's editor, Hanchao Lu, Stafford's unique photographs "reveal sweeping social and political change, as
well as the tenacity of tradition" and "appeal to historians interested in modern China, revolution, and war."
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.