Scope and Content
Organization and Arrangement
Title: Fortress Monroe photograph album
Date (inclusive): ca. 1910
Collection number: 94/16
1 album (21 leaves (2 folded)) : collotypes ; 21 x 26 cm (album)
Albertypes or collotypes (photomechanical reproductions of photographic images, using a collotype coating on glass plates
which allowed for the high speed mass production of images) are mounted on leaves of heavy olive green paper; printed captions
along bottom edge of picture.
Brown paper covers, tied with brown silk cord; pictorial onlay on upper cover (photo reproduction of a view of the fort);
title "Fortress Monroe " printed in red below.
Spec. Coll. copy: imperfect, cover torn, with only last word of title visible. In modern beige and white cloth-covered clamshell
box, with velcro closure; box title "Fortress Monroe. 94/16" on spine.
Abstract: Souvenir album, probably from ca. 1910, of Fortress Monroe (now known as Fort Monroe) in Hampton, Virginia, containing 22
captioned Albertype or collotype reproductions of historic and contemporary photographs of the fort.
Language: Finding aid is written in
Language of the Material:
Materials are in English.
University of California, Los Angeles. Library Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library Special Collections
for paging information.
Restrictions on Access
Open for research. STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library
Special Collections for paging information.
Restrictions on Use and Reproduction
Property rights to the physical object belong to the UC Regents. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the
creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright
owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.
[Identification of item], Fortress Monroe photograph album (Collection 94/16). UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E.
Young Research Library, UCLA.
UCLA Catalog Record ID
Fort Monroe, the largest stone fort ever built in the United States, is a six-sided fortress completely surrounded by a moat,
built after the War of 1812, between 1819 and 1834 when the United States realized the importance of protecting Chesapeake
Bay and the inland waters against attack.
Scope and Content
Included are a long bird's-eye view of the fort, a view from the "sally port", featuring the YMCA building and St. Mary's
Star of the Sea chapel (rebuilt in stone in 1903); view of the moat; and view of the guard mount and parade grounds. Photos
of buildings on the grounds include the Chamberlin Hotel (rebuilt in 1928 after a fire); library (built 1909); Coast Artillery
School (formed in 1907, moved to California in 1946); Quarters 35 and enlisted men's library; the small wooden Carpenter-Gothic-style
post chapel; officers' row and post office (built 1898); and the turreted Queen Anne-style Sherwood Inn, demolished in 1932.
One photo shows the casemate in which Confederate President Jefferson Davis, was held prisoner for two years after the Civil
War. Also included are photo reproductions of buildings in the town of Hampton, Virginia: St. John's Episcopal Church, National
Soldiers Home, and the Hampton Normal Institute. The photo captioned "Aunt Charlotte" portrays an African-American woman,
Charlotte White, in her ox cart. During the late 19th century, White earned a living by selling her freshly-baked pies everyday
to soldiers and tourists at Fort Monroe. Two of the pictures are albertype reproductions of photos of paintings of the period:
one is a view of Government Dock, Hampton Roads; the other, the battle of the Monitor and Merrimac, Hampton Roads, 1862.
Organization and Arrangement
Fortress Monroe, Va. -- Street view. Hotel Chamberlin. Kimberly's Store -- Guard Mount -- Y.M.C.A. building. View from the
Sally Port. St. Mary's Star of the Sea -- The moat -- Library -- Casemate in which Jeff. Davis was confined -- Coast Artillery
School -- Quarters 35 and Library -- Post chapel, inside the fort -- Hotel Chamberlin -- Sherwood Inn -- Post office. Officers'
Row -- Enlisted men's library; Row of officers' quarters outside the fort; Hospital -- Monitor and Merrimac, Hampton roads
1862 -- Government pier and Hotel Chamberlin; The Hampton Normal Institute -- St. John's Episcopal Church, Hampton, built
1658 -- Main building, National Soldiers' Home, Hampton -- Approaching storm, view, towards Rip Raps -- Aunt Charlotte --
Government dock, Hampton Roads.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Architecture, Domestic --Virginia --Fort Monroe --Pictorial works.
Architecture, Domestic --Virginia --Hampton --Pictorial works.
Fort Monroe (Va.) --Pictorial works.
Hampton (Va.) --Buildings, structures, etc. --Pictorial works.
Genres and Forms of Material
Collotypes --Virginia --Fort Monroe --1910.
Photograph albums --Virginia --Fort Monroe --1910.
Other Index Terms Related to this Collection
Kimberly, J.B. (John B.), publisher.