Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Leonard Garment Papers, White House Central Files, 1969-1974
5997456  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (57.17 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Biography/Administrative History
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Leonard Garment Papers, White House Central Files, 1969-1974
    Dates: 1969-1974
    Collection Number: 5997456
    Creator/Collector:
    Extent: 115 linear feet, 11 linear inches; 265 boxes
    Online items available
    Repository: Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum
    Abstract: The office files of Leonard Garment reflect his responsibilities as a Special Consultant to the President concerned with domestic issues in the areas of civil and human rights, Native American affairs, plans for the American Revolution Bicentennial celebration, cultural affairs (including both the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities), and voluntary action. In addition, this file series contains documents related to Garment’s role as Acting Counsel to the President during the Watergate crisis following John W. Dean III’s resignation in April 1973.
    Language of Material: English

    Access

    Collection is open for research. Some materials may be unavailable based upon categories of materials exempt from public release established in the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974.

    Publication Rights

    Most government records are in the public domain; however, this series includes commercial materials, such as newspaper clippings, that may be subject to copyright restrictions. Researchers should contact the copyright holder for information.

    Preferred Citation

    Leonard Garment Papers, White House Central Files, 1969-1974. Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum

    Acquisition Information

    These materials are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-526, 88 Stat. 1695) and implementing regulations.

    Biography/Administrative History

    May 11, 1924 - Leonard Garment born in Brooklyn, New York. 1942-1949 - Attended Brooklyn College and Brooklyn Law School, Brooklyn, New York; also performed as a clarinetist in various jazz bands, including Woody Herman's, during this period. 1949 - Joined the law firm of Mudge, Stern, Baldwin, and Todd. 1957 - Became partner and served as head of the Litigation Department. Met Richard M. Nixon in 1963 when he joined the law firm, thereafter known as Nixon, Mudge, Rose, Guthrie & Alexander. 1966-1967 - Became involved in Richard M. Nixon's Presidential campaign. 1968 - Returned to law firm after Nixon's election; became its Washington, D.C. representative. May 28, 1969 - Joined the White House staff as a special consultant to the President. Assisted the President on a variety of special projects, with special emphasis in the areas of civil and human rights, Indian affairs, voluntary action and the arts. May 10, 1973 - Designated Acting Counsel to the President following John W. Dean III's resignation. January 4, 1973 - Resigned as Acting Counsel and appointed as Assistant to the President. June 1974 - Departed White House staff.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The office files of Leonard Garment reflect his responsibilities as a Special Consultant to the President concerned with domestic issues in the areas of civil and human rights, native American affairs, plans for the American Revolution Bicentennial celebration, cultural affairs (including both the National Endowment of the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities), and voluntary action. In addition, they contain documents related to Garment's role as Acting Counsel to the President during the Watergate crisis following John W. Dean III's resignation in April 1973. The Leonard Garment files series is comprised of White House Memos files; Chronological Files; Correspondence Files, Public Opinion Mail; Speeches/Meetings Files; Alpha-Subject Files; Office of Assistant of Cultural Affairs (OACA) files; Political Campaign Files; Personal Files; and Publications. The White House Memos subseries is comprised predominately of internal White House memoranda and notes to and from Leonard Garment or his assistant, Bradley H. Patterson, Jr., concerning daily operations of the office. The subseries also contains copies of memos to the President from other White House staffers, correspondence, and the Congressional Record. The Chronological Files subseries is comprised of material related to external White House affairs. The Correspondence Files subseries is comprised of materials related to communication between Garment and his friends and associates. The Public Opinion Mail subseries contains petitions and correspondence from the general public. This subseries is divided into two segments. The first is petitions about the separation of church and state and the status of minority draft resisters. The second segment contains unacknowledged correspondence expressing pro and con views of the President's actions and decisions. The Speeches/Meetings Files subseries contains speeches delivered by Leonard Garment to various groups, such as the New York Bar Committee, young journalists, and Kent State students or on various topics, such as civil rights and quotas and affirmative action. The Alpha Subject Files subseries contains materials on a variety of topics including, but not limited to Alaska Native claims, busing, Civil Rights, housing, school desegregation, minority business, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, voluntary action, and Watergate. The OACA subseries contains the papers of Carol V. Harford (January 1968-April 1972) and Starke Meyer (April 1972-June 1, 1973), staff assistants to Leonard Garment. The OACA/White House Memos Files segment contains information related to the operations of the Office of Cultural Affairs. The OACA/East Wing Memos segment contains communications concerning Mrs. Nixon's schedule. The OACA/Inter-office Memo Files segment contains internal White House memoranda from/to Leonard Garment assistants, Harford and Meyer, Herbert Klein, or Lucy Winchester, for example. The OACA/Correspondence Files segment contains correspondence from/to Garment and his assistants and cultural organizations. These files include correspondence between Garment and the President. The OACA/Alpha-Subject Files segment contains information on topics such as the Kennedy Center, National Council on the Arts, National Endowment for the Humanities, the Smithsonian Institution, and various State Department groups. The OACA/Public Programs segment includes information related to various groups and their performances and partnerships. Examples of these groups include the Washington National Symphony, Studio Watts, and the American Association of Museums. The Political Campaign Files subseries consists primarily of news clippings and publications on Nixon's 1968 campaign. The subseries also includes information on the 1972 campaign in the form of political statements of accomplishments and correspondence. The Personal Files subseries contains a small volume of correspondence concerning the Administration's business affairs. The Publications subseries contains reports and hearings, among others, on topics such as the American Revolution Bicentennial, busing, public schools, equal employment opportunities, Native Americans, and minority business enterprise. Photographs, sound recordings and museum objects have been transferred from Garment's files to the audio-visual unit and the domestic gift unit. Information related to the Leonard Garment Staff Member and Office Files include the Staff Member and Office Files of Bradley H. Patterson and John D. Ehrlichman; and the following files in the White House Central Files subject files: Arts (AR), Education (ED), Housing (HS), Human Rights (HU), Indian Affairs (IN), Bureau of Indian Affairs (FG 19-9), American Revolution Bicentennial Commission (FG 75), Commission on Civil Rights (FG 90), Indian Claims Commission (FG 142), National Council on Indian Opportunity (FG 173), Cabinet Committee on Voluntary Action (FG 252), and National Center for Voluntary Action (FG 259).