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Philip Reade Collection of Native American Photographs by William S. Soule: Finding Aid
photCL 189  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Access
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note of William S. Soule
  • Biographical Note of Philip Reade
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: Philip Reade Collection of Native American Photographs by William S. Soule
    Dates (inclusive): 1867-approximately 1900
    Bulk dates: 1867-1869
    Collection Number: photCL 189
    Creator: Miller, Fred E., 1868-1936; -- Photographs. Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908 -- Photographs.
    Extent: 25 photographs in 2 boxes; prints 13 x 21 cm. (5 x 8 in.) and smaller.
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Photo Archives
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2191
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: This is a collection chiefly of studio portraits of Native Americans from the Midwestern and Southwestern United States taken by photographer William S. Soule during the American Indian Wars in the late 1860s. There are also views of their homes and camps on reservations.
    Language: English.

    Access

    Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    Philip Reade Collection of Native American Photographs by William S. Soule. The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Provenance

    Gift of Philip Hildreth Reade, date unknown.

    Biographical Note of William S. Soule

    William Stinson Soule was born in Maine in 1836. At the age of 27, he served in the Union Army during the Civil War but was wounded at the Battle of Antietam, resulting in a discharge. In 1865, Soule worked at a photographic gallery in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, before heading west to improve his health, taking his photography equipment with him. In 1869, Soule traveled to Camp Supply in Oklahoma; it was there he photographed Indian prisoners of war from the American Indian conflicts in the Great Plains. Later that same year, he traveled to Fort Sill, which served as an Indian agency and a military control headquarters for various Plains Indians. Here, Soule photographed studio portraits of members of the Plains tribes, including the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache, from 1870 to 1874. Around 1874, Soule left Fort Sill and traveled to Boston, Massachusetts, where he opened and ran a photography studio until his retirement in 1902. Soule died in Boston at the age of seventy-two in 1908.

    Biographical Note of Philip Reade

    Philip Hildreth Reade (1844-1919) was a Brigadier General in the United States Army and fought against the Plains Indians in the American Indian Wars in the late 1800s.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This is a collection chiefly of studio portraits of Native Americans from the Midwestern and Southwestern United States taken by photographer William S. Soule during the American Indian Wars in the late 1860s. There are also views of their homes and camps on reservations.
    The photographs in this collection depict members of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Kiowa, Osage, and Wichita tribes during the American Indian Wars; Native American camp sites on Indian reservations; chieftains; a medicine man; native prisoners of war; native women and children; braves and their families; tipis; native families; and native scouts for the U.S. army. Notable portraits include Lone Wolf, Satank, Chief Stumbling Bear, and Chief Powder Face. William S. Soule is the photographer of the first 23 photographs (taken ca. 1867-1869), and Fred Miller is the photographer of the last two (taken ca. 1900).

    Alternative Form of Materials Available

    Visit the Huntington Digital Library: United States Civil War   to view digitized items from this collection.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  
    Arapaho Indians -- Photographs.
    Cheyenne Indians -- Photographs.
    Comanche Indians -- Photographs.
    Crow Indians -- Photographs.
    Indian reservations -- Photographs.
    Indian scouts -- Photographs.
    Indians of North America—Great Plains -- Photographs.
    Kiowa Indians -- Photographs.
    Osage Indians -- Photographs.
    Tipis -- Photographs.
    Wichita Indians -- Photographs.
    Lone Wolf, Kiowa Indian -- Photographs.
    Satank, Kiowa Chief, 1810-1871 -- Photographs.
    Stumbling Bear, Kiowa chief -- Photographs.
    Colorado -- Photographs.
    Indian Territory -- Photographs.
    Kansas -- Photographs.
    Llano Estacado -- Photographs.
    Montana -- Photographs.
    Oklahoma -- Photographs.
    Texas -- Photographs.
    Photographs.
    Portraits.