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Philip Reade Collection of Native American Photographs by William S. Soule
photCL 189  
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Biography/Administrative History
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms
  • Additional collection guides

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Philip Reade Collection of Native American Photographs by William S. Soule
    Dates: 1867-ca. 1900 (bulk 1867-1869)
    Collection Number: photCL 189
    Creator/Collector: Miller, Fred E., 1868-1936; Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908
    Extent: 25 photographs in 2 boxes; prints 13 x 21 cm. (5 x 8 in.) and smaller. See itemized list under "Additional collection guides."
    Online items available
    Repository: Huntington Library. Photo Archives
    San Marino, California 91108
    Abstract: This is a collection of mostly studio portraits of Native Americans from the Midwestern and Southwestern United States taken during the American Indian Wars. There are also views of their homes and camps on reservations.
    Language of Material: English


    Access is granted to qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact the Curator of Photographs at the Huntington Library.

    Publication Rights

    All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Photographs. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Huntington as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    Philip Reade Collection of Native American Photographs by William S. Soule. Huntington Library. Photo Archives

    Acquisition Information

    Given by Philip Hildreth Reade. Date unknown. Philip Hildreth Reade (1844-1919) was a Brigadier General in the United States Army and fought against the Plains Indians in the American Indian Wars in the late 1800s.

    Biography/Administrative History

    William Stinson Soule was born in Maine in 1836. At the age of 27, he served in the Union Army during the Civil War but was wounded at the Battle of Antietam, resulting in a discharge. In 1865, Soule worked at a photographic gallery in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, before heading west to improve his health, taking his photography equipment with him. In 1869, Soule traveled to Camp Supply in Oklahoma; it was there he photographed Indian prisoners of war from the American Indian conflicts in the Great Plains. Later that same year, he traveled to Fort Sill, which served as an Indian agency and a military control headquarters for various Plains Indians. Here, Soule photographed studio portraits of members of the Plains tribes, including the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache, from 1870 to 1874. Around 1874, Soule left Fort Sill and traveled to Boston, where he opened and ran a photography studio until his retirement in 1902. Soule died in Boston at the age of seventy-two in 1908.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The photographs in this collection depict members of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Kiowa, Osage, and Wichita tribes during the American Indian Wars; Native American camp sites on Indian reservations; chieftains; a medicine man; native prisoners of war; native women and children; braves and their families; tipis; native families; and native scouts for the U.S. army. Notable portraits include Lone Wolf, Satank, Chief Stumbling Bear, and Chief Powder Face. William S. Soule is the photographer of the first 23 photographs (taken ca. 1867-1869), and Fred Miller is the photographer of the last two (taken ca. 1900). NOTES ON SOURCES USED IN THE CREATION OF THE FINDING AID: Belous, Russell E. “Will Soule: Indian Photographer at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 1869-74.” Los Angeles: Ward Ritchie Press, 1969. / Nye, Wilbur Sturtevant. “Plains Indian Raiders: The Final Phases of Warfare from the Arkansas to the Red River.” Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1968. / O’Connor, Nancy Fields. “Fred E. Miller: photographer of the Crows.” Malibu, Calif.: Carnan Vidfilm, 1985.

    Indexing Terms

    Arapaho Indians
    Cheyenne Indians
    Comanche Indians
    Crow Indians
    Indian reservations
    Indian scouts
    Indians of North America—Great Plains
    Kiowa Indians
    Osage Indians
    Wichita Indians
    Lone Wolf, Kiowa Indian
    Satank, Kiowa Chief, 1810-1871
    Stumbling Bear, Kiowa chief
    Indian Territory
    Llano Estacado

    Additional collection guides