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Inventory of the California State Assembly Education Committee Records
See series descriptions for LP numbers.  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Committee History
  • Scope and Content
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Collections at the California State Archives

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: California State Assembly Education Committee Records
    Dates: 1849-2008
    Collection number: See series descriptions for LP numbers.
    Creator: Assembly Education Committee, 1849-2009
    Collection Size: 138.5 cubic feet
    Repository: California State Archives
    Sacramento, California
    Abstract: The records of the Assembly Committee on Education and its numerous subcommittees contain a total of 138.5 cubic feet of textual, audiovisual, and photographic material. The collection is organized with the records of the standing committee first, followed alphabetically by the subcommittees.
    Physical location: California State Archives
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

    Administrative Information

    Access

    While the majority of the records are open for research, any access restrictions are noted in the record series descriptions.

    Administrative Note

    The California State Archives received the records of the Assembly Education Committee over a number of years and archives staff arranged them at various times. While the physical arrangement of the records reflects this variety, this inventory describes all of the records according to present archival descriptive standards for legislative committee records. Therefore, the physical arrangement of these records does not necessarily follow the inventory's order.
    The researcher should note that the Archives did not receive records for many of the years of the committee's existence. As the finding aid is meant to be a guide to using the records we do hold, the Committee History and Scope and Content sections may be incomplete; further research is encouraged. It is anticipated that the Archives will receive further records from the Assembly Education Committee. Researchers should check the accession binders in the Archives Reference Room as well as the State Archive on-line catalog Minerva for recently received, unprocessed records.

    Publication Rights

    For permission to reproduce or publish, please contact the California State Archives. Permission for reproduction or publication is given on behalf of the California State Archives as the owner of the physical items. The researcher assumes all responsibility for possible infringement which may arise from reproduction or publication of materials from the California State Archives collections.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Assembly Education Committee Records, LP[number]:[folder number], California State Archives, Office of the Secretary of State, Sacramento, California.

    Acquisition History

    The California State Archives acquired the Assembly Education Committee records according to state law.

    Committee History

    The history of the Assembly Education Committee dates to the first legislative session of 1849, thus predating California's admission into the Union. On Tuesday, December 18, 1849, the ninth standing committee of the House to be created was that of Education (1849 Assembly Journal, page 580). It appears that the primary purview of this committee was that of public schools. While the new legislature set about establishing a new government, California officially became the 31st state of the United States of America on September 9, 1850. By 1875, the legislative scope of the committee included "the State Normal School, the State Board of Education, Agriculture, Mining and Mechanics' Art College, and the State University" (1875 Assembly Journal, page 45).
    While the records and sources prior to the mid-twentieth century are incomplete, the jurisdiction of the Assembly Standing Committee on Education seems to have changed little in the 160 years of its existence, while the name has not changed at all. By 1995, the jurisdiction of the standing committee had expanded into several specific areas: "adult education, certified employees of schools and teacher salaries, charter schools, leasing of school property, K-12 education, pupil records, school buses and crossing guards, and school facilities and finance" (1995-1996 Assembly Journal, page 4937). As of 2010, the Assembly Education Committee remained relatively unaltered: "education generally, certificated employees of schools, school finance, and school facilities" (Assembly Education Committee webpage, 9/2010).
    When the Legislature was in need of specific information on an educational topic, it often created an Interim Committee by House Resolution. These committees were created near the end of each session, though they were not necessarily active during every interim. The interim committees also had only a limited timeframe within which to operate. In 1948, House Resolution 74 created the Interim Committee on Public Education, though in 1951 the interim committee would acquire the same name as its standing committee counterpart (HR197, 1951). Between 1948 and 1972, the interim committee performed many, if not all, hearings within a given legislative session. Since 1973 there has been no interim recess period. From 1951 to 1975, subcommittees also performed extensive work for education.
    The most significant subcommittee is that of Higher Education, first created by HR280 in 1957. Its purpose was to study "the needs of educational facilities, sites, and curriculum for higher education beyond the 12th grade" (1957 Assembly Journal, page 6536). During this early period, the subcommittee was primarily engaged with studying the development and administration of state and junior colleges, tuition, and the development of a Master Plan for Higher Education. From 1976 to 1984, this subcommittee had the name of Postsecondary Education, and in 1977 it held a hearing regarding the Bakke Decision. In Regents of the University of California v. Allan Bakke, the United States Supreme Court held that while affirmative action systems are constitutional, a quota system based on race is not. In 1985, the original subcommittee name was reinstated. For the next five years, under the chairmanship of Tom Hayden, the subcommittee delved into the social and structural challenges facing both college students and the institutions themselves. In 1991, this subcommittee became the Standing Committee on Higher Education. The jurisdiction of the standing committee concerned: "academic research partnerships with the private sector, community college job training programs, postsecondary education, financial aid and campuses." (1995-1996 Assembly Journal, page 4938)
    Another noteworthy subcommittee, the Subcommittee on Educational Reform, was created January 19, 1976, by Assembly Speaker Leo T. McCarthy and remained active during most legislative sessions through 1990. The subcommittee focused on the administrative aspects of institutional improvements, the feasibility of introducing reforms rather than public popularity.
    The researcher should be aware of the somewhat fluid nature of special, select, joint, ad hoc, and subcommittees related to education. For example, the subcommittee on Higher Education coexisted with a Joint Committee on Higher Education in 1969 and would become a standing committee in 1991. Additionally, there have existed numerous committees, commissions, boards, agencies, etc. which have related or overlapping jurisdictions as the Assembly Education Committee.
    For a complete list of standing committee chairs, please see Appendix A.

    Scope and Content

    The records of the Assembly Committee on Education and its numerous subcommittees contain a total of 138.5 cubic feet of textual, audiovisual, and photographic material. The collection is organized with the records of the standing committee first, followed alphabetically by the subcommittees. The subcommittees of most significance are that of Educational Reform and Higher Education; thus, they are the only ones mentioned within this descriptive section.
    The standing committee records make up 94.5 cubic feet of the total collection. The series found within the standing committee records include Bill Files (1971-2008), Hearing Files (1952-1984), Subject Files (1968-1980), Consultant's Legislative Files (1969-1974), and Reports (1850-1986).
    The Bill Files document the legislative bills directed to the Committee on Education. Notable legislation considered by the standing committee in recent years includes AB2310 (Firestone, 1995-1996) Bilingual Education; AB222 (Kuehl, 1999-2000) The Dignity for All Students Act; and SB740 (O'Connell, 2001-2003) Charter schools. This variety of topics reflects the broad reach and scope of the Assembly Education Committee.
    The Hearing Files pertain to the standing committee's investigation of certain topics. Since 1952, the hearings of the standing committee have reflected a balance between social and administrative issues.
    The Subject Files contain information on a variety of topics relevant to the committee. The files often include additional information on an existing bill or hearing file, material related to proposed legislation, or documents related to committee administration. These files deal with a multitude of topics including Bilingual Education, Collective Bargaining, Community Colleges, Early Childhood Education (ECE), Educational Opportunity Program (EOP), Finance, Los Angeles Schools, Preschool Programs, Regional Occupational Centers, R.I.S.E., Special Education, Statewide Testing, University of California, Venereal Disease Education, and Year-Round Schools.
    The Reports document the committee's findings on various topics of study referred to them. The files from 1850-1883 primarily concern public schools, while the reports from 1947-1978 constitute the bulk of the files and relate to topics such as Veterans Tax Exemptions, Communist Front Organizations, Elementary Textbooks, Educational Vouchers, and Reorganization of the Education Code. The Consultant's Legislative Files pertain to select bills prepared and developed by the standing committee's staff.
    The records of the Subcommittee on Educational Reform include 7 cubic feet of records and contain Bill Files (1979-1988), Hearing Files (1976-1989), Reports (1979), Subject Files (1985), and Committee Reports (1985-1988). The bill files document the legislation directed to the subcommittee. The hearing files pertain to the subcommittee's investigation of such topics as bilingual teachers, vocational education, and school construction. The Report file pertains to school counseling. The subject file relates to the California Teacher's Association. The committee reports chronicle the meetings where the subcommittee considered bills referred to them. Throughout all of the series, the most significant topics are special education, school finance, and vocational education. In the 1985-1986 session, the matter of increasing the age for kindergarten enrollment (AB2569, O'Connell) was of greatest concern, with information on this bill found in the bill, hearing, and committee reports series.
    The records of the Subcommittee on Higher Education include 29 cubic feet of records and contains Bill Files (1985-1990), Hearing Files (1957-1966, 1985-1990), Working Papers (1971), AIDS Files (1985-1990), Expansion of Public Postsecondary Education (EPE) Files (1986-1990), Master Plan (MP) Files (1985-1990), Nuclear Laboratories Oversight (NLO) Files (1985-1990), and Subject Files (1985-1990).
    The Bill Files created by the Subcommittee on Higher Education document the legislation directed to the subcommittee. Significant topics include The Master Plan for Higher Education (AB462, 1989-1990) and Public Postsecondary Education Transfer Functions (SB507, 1989-1990). The Hearing Files pertain to the subcommittee's investigation of such topics as tuition, facilities expansion among all three segments, AIDS, the CSU system, the UC system, the Master Plan, minorities, student retention, teacher retention, and admissions policy. The Working Papers document the rules, minutes, and reports of the committee. The AIDS Files pertain to the issues and hearings surrounding the UC system and this frightening new disease. The Expansion of Public Postsecondary Education (EPE) Files pertain to the issues surrounding the future of California's higher education facilities. The Master Plan (MP) Files pertain to the review of the Master Plan for Higher Education (mandated by the Education Code to occur at 10-year intervals). The Nuclear Laboratories Oversight (NLO) Files document the complex relationship between the Subcommittee on Higher Education, the University of California (UC) system, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories (LLNL and LANL). The Subject Files contain information on a variety of topics relevant to the committee, the chairman, and the area of education in general. The subjects may be additional information on an existing bill or hearing file, material related to proposed legislation, material of special interest to the chairman, or documents related to committee administration. This large series covers a multitude of topics, with much overlap.
    The remaining 8 cubic feet of the collection originated from the assorted subcommittees from which the State Archives received records. The subcommittee files focus on specific educational issues and contain series such as Working Papers, Reports, and, primarily, Hearing Files. Researchers should be aware that the State Archives has not received records for many other subcommittees which have also existed.
    The researcher should note that the records contain extensive topical overlap. When seeking information about a specific subject, checking for relevance in all series of the standing committee as well as those of various subcommittees is highly recommended.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    California State Assembly Education Committee
    Education
    Safety
    School districts Finance

    Related Collections at the California State Archives

    Assembly Higher Education Committee, 1975-2008
    Commission on the Review of the Master Plan for Higher Education
    Hughes, Teresa P. (Democrat), 1983-1990
    Goldberg, Jackie (Democrat), 2002-2006
    Greene, Leroy F. (Democrat), 1967-1968, 1971-1982
    Joint Committee on the Master Plan for Higher Education, 1970-1975, 1985-1990, 1999-2004
    Postsecondary Education Commission, 1965-2003
    Senate Education Committee, 1852-2008

    Oral Histories of Committee Chairs

    Greene, Leroy F., Oral History Interview, 1999, Conducted by Donald B. Seney, Center for California Studies, California State University, Sacramento, for the California State Government Oral History Program
    Veysey, Victor V., Oral History Interview, 1988, Conducted by Enid Hart Douglass, Oral History Program, Claremont Graduate School, for the California State Government Oral History Program
    Strom-Martin, Virginia, Oral History Interview, 2003, Conducted by Patrick Ettinger, Department of History, California State University, Sacramento, for the California State Government Oral History Program