This collection contains correspondence to and from Indian Board of Co-Operation Second Vice President George Wharton James,
manuscripts by James, pamphlets produced by the Indian Board of Co-Operation, newspaper clippings, posters, and ephemera dated
The Indian Board of Cooperation. The board was founded in 1910 by a Methodist minister, Fredrick Collett. "The policy of the
Board is to encourage the Indians to do for themselves everything that they can, and to assist them in the doing of these
things that they can not do without help." The Board's objectives included organizing Indians, obtaining passage of a bill
so Indians could present their claims to the United States Court of Claims, obtaining legal services, ensuring funds appropriated
for Indians be used for the Indians' best interest, and promoting all movements intended to enhance the welfare of Indians.
(California Indian Herald, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1923:11) In 1919, the board established auxiliaries which were small Indian organizations
that acted on the local level and raised funds for the board through memberships and special events. The Indian Board of Cooperation
assisted Indians on many issues over the next decades. By May 1924, the board boasted 88 auxiliaries, with a membership of
10,400. (California Indian Herald, 1924:2) While Indians could belong to the auxiliaries, the board was made up of Whites.
Most of the funds the board used for operation were obtained from Indians who paid between four and six dollars each to be
members. Thus, much of the cost of financing the early land claims case came from Indians themselves.
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