A Register to the Sak'art'velos SSR sakhelmtsipo ušišroebis komiteti records

Finding aid prepared by Lora Soroka.
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2012


Title: Sak'art'velos SSR sakhelmtsipo ušišroebis komiteti records
Date (inclusive): 1921-1952
Collection Number: 2012C55
Creator: Sak'art'velos SSR sakhelmtsipo ušišroebis komiteti.
Physical Description: 85 digital files (PDF)
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Materials: In Georgian and Russian.
Abstract: Correspondence, reports, and investigative and judicial files, relating to secret police investigative activities and prosecutions in the Georgian S.S.R. Includes lists of persons tried and judicial proceedings in 1937-1938. Digital copy.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives

Access

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Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Sak'art'velos SSR sakhelmtsipo ušišroebis komiteti records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2012.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Location of Originals

Šinagan sak'met'a saminstros arkivi, T'bilisi, Georgia.

Historical Note

The Archives department of the Georgian A.S.S.R was established in March 1921 by resolution of the Extraordinary Commission (ChK). The Georgian A.S.S.R. became a union republic in 1936 and at that time the Archives became a part of the People?s Commissariat of State Security (NKGB) of the Georgian S.S.R. Later the NKGB became the Ministry of State Security (MGB) and on 1954 became the Committee for State Security (KGB) of the Council of Ministers of the Georgian S.S.R.
The responsibilities of the Archives department included receiving and preserving incriminating materials about ?enemies of the state? and other ?dangerous elements? investigated by the state security institutions. From 1921 to 1991 the Archives accumulated more than 230,000 files stored in the cellar of the 10th department of the Committee of State Security (KGB). During the ?Tbilisi War? -- the military coup d?etat of December 21, 1991-January 6, 1992, against the first democratically elected President of Georgia, Zviad Gamsakhurdia -- the central building of the former KGB caught fire. As a result, 210,000 archival files (80% of the entire collection) were destroyed.
However, many important documents are still held in the Georgian KGB Archives, including those relating to the 1922-1924 guerrilla uprising against Soviet occupation, the 1991-1993 Georgian Civil War (Georgian-Ossetian and Georgian-Abkhazian conflicts and coup d?etat against Gamsakhurdia), the dissident movement, the March 1956 Tbilisi demonstrations against Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy, and the "Mingrelian Affair" (a series of criminal cases fabricated in 1951- 1952 accusing several members of the Communist Party of the Georgian S.S.R. of Mingrelian origin of collaboration with the Western powers).
The records of the Georgian KGB available at the Hoover Archives mostly relate to implementation of the death penalty (banned in 1947) or lesser terms of punishment in the Georgian S.S.R.

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection relates to repressions in the Georgian S.S.R., especially to the 1937-1938 purges and the mass executions that took place during World War II. It contains lists of people executed, legal sentences, directives from the Chief of the NKVD of the Georgian S.S.R. to chiefs of NKVDs of autonomous republics and heads of prisons, military tribunals, and other institutions; memoranda, correspondence, and telegrams. Also included are "execution statements" confirming that death sentences were carried out, along with medical certifications of death. Execution statements were signed by officials present at the execution, including the chief of internal prison, commandant, and military procurator.
Files vary in length, with some exceeding 300 pages.
The collection can be found on a digital workstation in the reading room.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Georgia (Republic)--Politics and government--1917-1991.
Police--Georgia (Republic)
Police--Soviet Union.
Political crimes and offenses--Georgia (Republic)
Secret service--Soviet Union.
Soviet Union. Komitet gosudarstvenno? bezopasnosti.

 

Statements regarding implementation of sentences, 1921-1935.

Identifier: 1 digital file, GeoMia_001_r.pdf

General note

Includes related correspondence and statistical summaries. Arranged by year.
 

Alphabetical lists of individuals (809 persons) sentenced to capital punishment or lesser terms of punishment by the Circuit Session of the Military Collegium of the Soviet Union Supreme Court, 1927-1939.

Identifier: 1 digital file, GeoMia_002_r.pdf

General note

Volume 1.
 

Lists of individuals sentenced to capital punishment by court institutions, 01 January 1941- 01 January 1946.

Identifier: 1 digital file, GeoMia_003_r.pdf

General note

Includes statistical data, dispatches, correspondence, memoranda relating to abolition of capital punishment, alphabetical list of people executed, and appointments within the Ministry of State Security of the Georgian S.S.R.
 

Protocols of the Court in Sessions of the Special Conference (Osoboe Soveshchanie) of the U.S.S.R. NKVD, August - September 1942.

Identifier: 1 digital file, GeoMia_004_r.pdf

General note

Includes copies of minutes charging Georgian paratroopers with providing intelligence to the Germans, statements confirming execution of convicts, and memoranda.
 

Alphabetical lists of individuals sentenced to various terms of punishment (005 and 006) and capital punishment by the Special Troika (three person commission) of the NKVD of the Georgian S.S.R. with related documents, 1937-1938.

Identifier: 3 digital files GeoMia_005_r.pdf to GeoMia_007_r.pdf
 

Alphabetical lists of individuals sentenced to capital punishment (008) by the Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union, or to lesser terms of punishments by the NKVD and USSR Procurator?s Office, with execution dates and related documents, 1937-1938.

Identifier: 2 digital files GeoMia_008_r.pdf GeoMia_009_r.pdf
 

Records of the NKVD of the Georgian S.S.R. relating to execution of convicts charged in 1941, 1941-1947.

Identifier: 31 digital files GeoMia_014_r.pdf to GeoMia_044_r.pdf
 

Records of the First Special Department of the NKVD of the Abkhzskaia A.S.S.R. relating to execution of convicts, 1939-1941.

Identifier: 3 digital files GeoMia_045_r.pdf; GeoMia_049_r.pdf; GeoMia_051_r.pdf.

General note

Includes correspondence, orders of the Chief of the NKVD of the Abkhazskaia A.S.S.R., execution statements, and other documents.
 

Orders to implement capital punishment and execution statements listing sentences carried out in 1941 and 1942 (to be transferred to archives), 1941-1942.

Identifier: 2 digital files GeoMia_046_r.pdf GeoMia_047_r.pdf

General note

Two volumes.
 

Statements on implementation of sentences, 1924-1936, 1938.

Identifier: 2 digital files GeoMia_048_r.pdf; GeoMia_050_r.pdf
 

Court and appeal proceedings from military tribunals transferred to archives, with related correspondence, 1945.

Identifier: 1 digital file, GeoMia_052_r.pdf

General note

Includes list of court proceedings concerning individuals convicted by military tribunals.
 

Correspondence relating to implementation of sentences, execution statements, 1950-1952.

Identifier: 1 digital file, GeoMia_053_r.pdf
 

Lists of individuals executed during the August 1924 Menshevik uprising in Georgia, 1925.

Identifier: 1 digital file, GeoMia_054_r.pdf
 

Records relating to convicts sentenced to capital punishment in Batumi, 1937-1941 (bulk 1937-1938)

Identifier: 5 digital files GeoMia_055_r.pdf to GeoMia_059_r.pdf

General note

Includes execution statements with related documents.
 

Records relating to implementation of capital punishment in Sukhumi (Abkhazskaia A.S.S.R), 1937-1938.

Identifier: 15 digital files GeoMia_060_r.pdf to GeoMia_074_r.pdf

General note

Includes execution statements and other documents.
 

Records relating to implementation of capital punishment in Kutaisi (Georgian S.S.R.), 1937.

Identifier: 2 digital files GeoMia_075_r.pdf; GeoMia_076_r.pdf

General note

Includes execution statements and other documents.
 

Records of the NKVD-NKGB of the Georgian S.S.R. relating to implementation of capital punishment in 1937-1940.

Identifier: 11 digital files GeoMia_077_r.pdf to GeoMia_087_r.pdf

General note

Includes orders of the Chief of the NKVD of the Georgian S.S.R. to chiefs of NKVD of autonomous oblasts, heads of prisons and chairs of military tribunals, to implement death sentences and create execution statements.
 

Lists of files subject to investigation by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union, 1937-1938.

Identifier: 1 digital file, GeoMia_088_r.pdf
 

Decisions made by the NKVD and the Procurator of the Soviet Union regarding individuals whose files were submitted to them by the NKVD of the Georgian S.S.R., 1937-1938.

Identifier: 1 digital file, GeoMia_092_r.pdf

General note

Includes minutes and correspondence.