A. Frank Randall Photographs of Apache Indians

Huntington Library. Photo Archives
Huntington Library. Photo Archives
Photograph Collections, 1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
(626) 405-2129

Descriptive Summary

Title: A. Frank Randall Photographs of Apache Indians
Dates: 1888
Collection Number: photCL 101
Creator/Collector: Randall, A.F. (A. Frank)
Extent: 123 prints in 1 disbound album; photographs 18 x 11 cm. (7.25 x 4.5 in.). See itemized list under “Additional collection guides.”
Repository: Huntington Library. Photo Archives
San Marino, California 91108
Abstract: This disbound album contains studio and field photographs of Apache Indians taken by photographer A. Frank Randall 1883-1888, during the U.S. campaign to capture Apache renegades during the Apache Wars. The photographs have descriptive captions written by Randall, most identifying their subjects. Though presumably the photographs are all by Randall, research has shown some images may be the work of Ben Wittick. Notable portraits include those of A. Frank Randall, Geronimo, Naiche, and Nelson A. Miles. There are also some scenes of Indian agencies and camps in Arizona. The last part of the album ends with views in Southern California, including Rancho Camulos, scenes of Santa Barbara, missions, and San Diego. There are also views of Guaymas, Mexico.
Language of Material: English


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Publication Rights

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Preferred Citation

A. Frank Randall Photographs of Apache Indians. Huntington Library. Photo Archives

Acquisition Information

Given by Mrs. Lyman Thompson in December 1957.

Biography/Administrative History

A. Frank Randall was born March 2, 1854 in Massachusetts. Little is known about his early years, but in 1883, he accompanied General George Crook’s expedition as a newspaper correspondent and photographer in the campaign to capture Apache Indians in Mexico. For the next four years, Randall traveled around Arizona and New Mexico photographing various Apache tribes, including the Chiricahua, Warm Springs, Mescalero, and Jicarilla Apaches. In 1887, Randall moved to California and spent his final years in Alameda County, where he died of a heart attack on March 4, 1916.

Scope and Content of Collection

The first page is a dedication written by Randall, saying: “This album is respectfully dedicated to the memory of Captain Emmet Crawford who offered his life as a sarafice [sic] to the Apache race, a brave and noble man, the idol of his friends. Murdered by Mexicans in Mexico January 11th 1886. A. Franklin Randall, artist.” A newspaper cutout of Captain Crawford’s portrait has been pasted on the dedication page. On the reverse side of the page, Randall wrote: “Presented to Claire W. Murphy. Christmas 1888. The Author [Randall].” Part of this presentation note includes a phrase written in Greek. The majority of Randall’s photographs are portraits of men, women, and children from various Apache subtribes in Arizona and New Mexico. Among these photographs are images of a fox tamer; a fiddler; a flutist; a well-dressed, possibly high-ranking Apache man; medicine men; young girls; mothers and their infant children; and Apache chiefs. Portraits of United States Army officers and scouts include Nelson A. Miles, Leonard Wood, Wilber E. Wilder, Roger Ames, Henry W. Lawton, William A. Thompson, Amos S. Kimball, John A. Dapray, Thomas J. Clay, Frank P. Bennett, Buffalo Jack, a female Indian scout, and Apache scouts. Randall also included photographs of Rancho Camulos, many of which show people dramatizing scenes from Helen Hunt Jackson’s novel “Ramona.” Antonio Franco Coronel appears in some scenes. Other images include views of Missions Santa Barbara and San Juan Capistrano, what may be Vasquez Creek and Tujunga Canyon near Los Angeles, and street scenes of Guaymas, Mexico. Sources used in the creation of this finding aid include: Faulk, Odie B. "The Geronimo Campaign." Oxford University Press: New York, 1969. / Kraft, Louis. "Gatewood & Geronimo." University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque, 2000. / Lane, Jack C., ed. "Chasing Geronimo: The Journal of Leonard Wood, May-September, 1886." University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque, 1970. / Radbourne, Allan. “Capturing the Apaches: The Photographs of A. Frank Randall.” Wild West, February 2004. / "A Researcher’s Guide to the Apache Indian Photographs made by A. Franklin Randall in Arizona and New Mexico 1883-1887: Part Two: The Mescalero Apache Reservation, N.M., and Fort Bowie, A.T., 1885-1886."

Indexing Terms

Apache Indians
Apache Indians--Wars, 1883-1886
Chiricahua Indians
Chiricahua Indians—Wars
Fort Bowie (Ariz.)
Fort Huachuca (Ariz.)
Indians of North America--Southwest, New
Indian scouts
Jackson, Helen Hunt, 1830-1885. Ramona—Pictorial works
Jicarilla Indians
Mescalero Indians
Mission San Juan Capistrano
Mohave Indians
Rancho Camulos (Ventura County, Calif.)
Santa Barbara Mission
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Fort Apache Agency
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. San Carlos Agency
Warm Spring Apache Indians
Chato, 1860?-1934
Clay, Thomas Jacob, 1853-1939
Coronel, Antonio Franco, 1817-1894
Crawford, Emmett
Geronimo, 1829-1909
Lawton, Henry Ware, 1843-1899
Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925
Naiche, ca. 1857-1921
Randall, A.F. (A. Frank)--Portraits
Victorio, Apache Chief, d. 1881
Wilder, Wilbur Elliott, 1856-1952
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903
Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927
Guaymas (Sonora, Mexico)
New Mexico
Photograph albums
Studio portraits

Additional collection guides