Guide to the Martin Packard papers

Franz Kunst
Processing supported by a grant from the Center for History of Physics, American Institute of Physics.
Stanford University Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections & University Archives.
Stanford, California
February 4, 2013
Copyright © 2014 The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University. All rights reserved.


Overview

Call Number: M0760
Creator: Packard, Martin E.
Creator: Varian Associates
Title: Martin Packard papers
Dates: 1946-1990
Bulk Dates: 1975-1985
Physical Description: 29 Linear feet (68 boxes: 67 manuscript boxes ; 1 record storage box)
Summary: In the late 1940s and early 50s, physicist Martin Packard made significant contributions to the emerging field of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technology at Stanford University. Packard was later employed by Varian Associates, where he became head of the analytical instrumentation department, Corporate Vice President, and finally Assistant to Board Chairman Edward Ginzton. The collection is largely from his time at Varian, consisting of correspondence and memoranda, subject files maintained as Varian’s reference library, and files related to Varian’s corporate history. Packard’s involvement with the Addiction Research Foundation is also chronicled in part.
Language(s): The materials are in English.
Language(s): While the bulk of the collection is in English, there is some Chinese, Russian, and German language material.
Physical Location: Special Collections and University Archives materials are stored offsite and must be paged 36-48 hours in advance. For more information on paging collections, see the department's website: http://library.stanford.edu/depts/spc/spc.html.
Repository: Dept. of Special Collections & University Archives.
Stanford University Libraries.
557 Escondido Mall
Stanford, CA 94305-6064
Email: speccollref@stanford.edu
Phone: (650) 725-1022
URL: http://library.stanford.edu/spc

Administrative Information

Provenance

This collection was given by Martin Packard to Stanford University, Special Collections in 1990.

Information about Access

The materials are open for research use. Audio-visual materials are not available in original format, and must be reformatted to a digital use copy.

Ownership & Copyright

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, California 94305-6064. Consent is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner, heir(s) or assigns. See: http://library.stanford.edu/depts/spc/pubserv/permissions.html.
Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Cite As

[identification of item], Martin Packard papers (M0760). Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

Associated Materials

Biographical Note

Martin Everett Packard, born in 1921, received his B.A. in Physics in 1942 from Oregon State University and began working at Westinghouse Research. In the summer of 1945 (following at stint at UC Berkeley Radiation Lab for the Manhattan Project), Packard was introduced to Felix Bloch by his supervisor at Westinghouse, Stanford physics alumnus Daniel Alpert. Bloch explained to Packard his ideas concerning nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), which he termed nuclear induction. The following week Packard enrolled as a graduate student at Stanford University, working with professors Bloch and William Hansen on Stanford’s first NMR experiments. As part of this experiment, Packard was the first to detect the nuclear magnetic resonance of protons in water in January 1946.
Bloch, together with Harvard physicist E. M. Purcell, shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1952 for their development of NMR. Aware of its commercial potential, inventor and Stanford alum Russell Varian convinced Bloch to patent NMR, which Russ and his brother Sigurd then licensed. This exclusive license was transferred to Varian Associates when they founded the company in April 1948. The first commercial NMR spectrometer was built by Varian in 1950.
Meanwhile Packard, after earning a PhD in Physics in 1949, remained at Stanford as an instructor. In 1951, with students James Arnold and Srinivas Dharmatti, he discovered how NMR could be applied to organic compounds, opening the field of magnetic resonance analysis in organic chemistry. At the end of the term Packard joined Varian, as had many of Bloch’s former students. Thanks to the license, Varian led the field in NMR commercialization. Packard, along with James Arnold, James N. Shoolery, Emery Rogers, Forrest Nelson, and Wes Anderson, worked with NMR at Varian, “building NMR from a theoretical concept to one of the most widely used tools in analytical chemistry,” as his bio states.
Continuing his research path, Packard published papers, developed with Russell Varian the Proton Free Precession Magnetometer (widely used in geophysics) and is named in eight patents with the company. In 1971 Martin Packard received the IEEE Morris E. Leeds Award "for his pioneering research leading to the practical use of nuclear magnetic resonance for the accurate measurement of magnetic fields, and for his contributions to the spectrometry of complex molecules." Packard retired from Varian in 1989.

Scope and Contents

In the late 1940s and early 50s, physicist Martin Packard made significant contributions to the emerging field of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technology at Stanford University. NMR involves the measure of electromagnetic radiation absorbed and emitted by nuclei in magnetic fields. NMR is the underlying principle behind MRI and other medical imaging techniques. It also has important applications in chemistry, biology, and geology. Packard was employed by Varian Associates, who, building on their success with the klystron, were market leaders in the commercial application of NMR technology. The collection is from his time at Varian, and therefore should also appeal to those researching that company’s history, or the birth of Silicon Valley.
While Packard came to Varian with NMR expertise, his role in the company quickly expanded, and the files contained here cover many aspects of Varian’s business. There are two main series of Varian correspondence and internal memoranda from the 1960s through the 80s, arranged chronologically. Packard maintained several document files as a sort of reference library, with each document (correspondence, memoranda, and background articles and papers) numbered and indexed. There are files for Varian’s dealings with the People’s Republic of China and the USSR, files on health concerns in radio frequency and microwave technologies (“Biological Effects”), as well as a general subject file arranged alphabetically.
The collection contains a variety of material related to Varian’s corporate history, much of which was assembled for Packard’s “The Varian Story” lecture delivered at the Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry in 1980. Most of these files are contemporary remembrances in the form of articles, papers, correspondence, and transcripts. However, there is a set of Russell Varian research notes, papers and patents from the late 1940s and 50s, and photocopies of the Varian newsletter from the late 1940s through the 70s. There is correspondence with Stuart W. Leslie about an unpublished Varian history, essays by W.G. Proctor, Dorothy Varian, and others, and various photographs, some of which are likely original prints. The last files involve Varian Fellows’ efforts to reinvigorate the company in the late 1980s. Historical files also include related information concerning Felix Bloch, NMR, Stanford University, and SLAC. Other Varian files include expense reports, sales brochures for spectroscopes, chromatographs, and other instruments, and records of the Palo Alto Capital Company (Varian’s Minority Enterprise SBIC).
Packard was a member of two National Academy of Science panels on technology transfer and national security, and there is correspondence, memoranda, draft reports, and background information from both panels. He was also president of the Addiction Research Foundation, Avram Goldstein’s research clinic devoted to studying the physiological basis for drug addiction, and there are organizational files through its dissolution in 1989. Of course Packard’s own speeches, papers and other writings are also present, most of which can be found in their own series. There are also many notebooks, planners and business cards, as well as vacuum tubes and other unidentified machine parts.

Access Terms

Addiction Research Foundation (U.S.).
Ginzton, Edward L. (Edward Leonard), 1915-
Goldstein, Avram
Packard, Martin E.
Varian Associates
Nuclear magnetic resonance.
Radiation--Health aspects
Science and industry.
Science--History.
United States--History--Trade relations


Collection Contents

 

1. Varian correspondence 1962-1986

Processing/Project Information

no 1963-1966
Box 49, Folder 1

Correspondence 1962

Box 49, Folder 2

Correspondence 1966-1967

Box 49, Folder 3

Correspondence 1968

Box 49, Folder 4

Correspondence 1969

Box 49, Folder 5

Correspondence 1970

Box 49, Folder 6

Correspondence - Photographs 1970

Scope and Content Note

Photographs and correspondence concerning the use of a magnetoscope in an archeological expedition locating Toltec sculpture in San Lorenzo, Mexico.
Box 49, Folder 7

Correspondence 1971

Box 50, Folder 1

Correspondence 1972

Box 50, Folder 2

Correspondence - Barringer Research Ltd. 1973

Box 50, Folder 3

Correspondence 1973

Box 50, Folder 4

Correspondence 1974

Box 50, Folder 5

Correspondence 1975

Box 50, Folder 6

Correspondence 1976

Box 50, Folder 7

Correspondence 1977

Box 50, Folder 8

Correspondence 1978

Box 51, Folder 1

Correspondence 1979

Box 51, Folder 2

Correspondence 1980

Box 51, Folder 3

Correspondence 1981

Box 51, Folder 4

Correspondence [USA] 1982

Box 51, Folder 5

Correspondence [USA] 1983

Box 51, Folder 6

Correspondence [USA] 1984

Box 52, Folder 1

Correspondence [USA] 1985

Box 52, Folder 2

Correspondence [USA] 1986

 

2. Varian interoffice memoranda

Processing/Project Information

no 1982, 1984
Box 52, Folder 3

Memoranda 1966-1967

Box 52, Folder 4

Memoranda 1968

Box 52, Folder 5

Memoranda 1969

Box 53, Folder 1

Memoranda 1970

Box 53, Folder 2

Memoranda 1971

Box 53, Folder 3

Memoranda 1972

Box 53, Folder 4

Memoranda 1973

Box 53, Folder 5

Memoranda 1974

Box 53, Folder 6

Memoranda 1975

Box 53, Folder 7

Memoranda 1976

Box 53, Folder 8

Memoranda 1977

Box 53, Folder 9

Memoranda 1978

Box 53, Folder 10

Memoranda 1979

Box 53, Folder 11

Memoranda 1980

Box 53, Folder 12

Memoranda 1981

Box 54, Folder 1

Memoranda 1983

Box 54, Folder 2

Memoranda, Correspondence 1985

Box 54, Folder 3

Memoranda, Correspondence 1986

 

3. Varian document files

Scope and Content Note

Numbered documents for Varian's reference library, with computer printouts of various indexes (i.e. by author, chronologically, etc.). There are numbered documents elsewhere in the collection, without indexes.
 

3.1 Biological Effects 1975-1989

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, memoranda, and background information (articles, papers, and other publications), in approximately chronological order. In a letter to a cousin in 1983, Packard wrote “one of my jobs is to keep abreast of any potentially harmful biological effects of electrical or magnetic fields," and this file reflects that effort.
Box 1, Folder 1

Indexes

Box 1, Folder 2

0001-0020

Box 1, Folder 3

0021-0040

Box 1, Folder 4

0041-0060

Box 1, Folder 5

0061-0080

Box 1, Folder 6

0081-0082

Box 1, Folder 7

0083-0100

Box 2, Folder 1

0101-0120

Box 2, Folder 2

0121-0140

Box 2, Folder 3

0141-0160

Box 2, Folder 4

0161-0180

Box 2, Folder 5

0181-0200

Box 2, Folder 6

0201-0220

Box 2, Folder 7

0221-0240

Box 3, Folder 1

0241-0260

Box 3, Folder 2

0261-0280

Box 3, Folder 3

0281-0300

Box 3, Folder 4

0301-0320

Box 3, Folder 5

0321-0340

Box 3, Folder 6

0341-0360

Box 4, Folder 1

0361-0380

Box 4, Folder 2

0381-0400

Box 4, Folder 3

0401-0420

Box 4, Folder 4

0421-0440

Box 4, Folder 5

0441-0460

Box 4, Folder 6

0461-0480

Box 5, Folder 1

0481-0483

Box 5, Folder 3

0484-0500

Box 5, Folder 3

0501-0503

Box 5, Folder 4

0504-0520

Box 5, Folder 5

0521-0540

Box 5, Folder 6

0541-0560

Box 6, Folder 1

0561-0580

Box 7, Folder 1

0581-0599

Box 7, Folder 2

0601-0620

Box 7, Folder 3

0621-0640

Box 7, Folder 4

0641-0660

Box 7, Folder 5

0661-0680

Box 7, Folder 6

[unnumbered]

 

3.2 PRC [People's Republic of China] 1972-1986

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, memoranda, and background information (articles, papers, and other publications), in approximately chronological order. These files chronicle the emergence of normalized trade relations with communist China. Varian activity began around 1972 when Carl Djerassi was involved with hosting a delegation of scientists from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and approached Varian for a tour. In 1977, Varian was in China for a trade fair. By 1986, China was responsible for $10-15 million in sales, Beijing had a sales office and two service centers, and there were manufacturing licenses for six products.
Box 8, Folder 1

Indexes

Box 8, Folder 2

0980-0999

Box 8, Folder 3

1000-1019

Box 8, Folder 4

1020-1099

Box 8, Folder 5

1100-1139

Box 9, Folder 1

1140-1199

Box 9, Folder 2

1200-1239

Box 9, Folder 3

1240-1299

Box 9, Folder 4

1300-1339

Box 9, Folder 5

1340-1369

Box 10, Folder 1

1370-1399

Box 10, Folder 2

1400-1437

Box 10, Folder 3

1438-1499

Box 11, Folder 1

1500-1569

Box 11, Folder 2

1570-1599

Box 11, Folder 3

1600-1659

Box 11, Folder 4

1660-1699

Box 11, Folder 5

1700-1455

Box 12, Folder 1

1756-1799

Box 12, Folder 2

1800-1869

Box 12, Folder 3

1870-1899

Box 13, Folder 1

1900-1959

Box 13, Folder 2

1960-1999

Box 13, Folder 3

2000-2040

Box 13, Folder 4

2041-2099

Box 13, Folder 5

2100-2145

Box 14, Folder 1

2146-2199

Box 14, Folder 2

2200-2255

Box 14, Folder 3

2256-2299

Box 14, Folder 4

2300-2345

Box 14, Folder 5

2346-2399

Box 14, Folder 6

2400-2439

Box 15, Folder 1

2440-2499

Box 15, Folder 2

2500-2539

Box 15, Folder 3

2540-2599

Box 15, Folder 4

2600-2649

Box 15, Folder 5

2650-2699

Box 15, Folder 6

2760-2799

Box 16, Folder 1

2700-2759

Box 16, Folder 2

2800-2899

Box 16, Folder 3

2900-2922

Box 16, Folder 4

2923-2944

Box 16, Folder 5

2945-2999

Box 17, Folder 1

3000-3049

Box 17, Folder 2

3050-3059

Box 17, Folder 3

2100-3149

Box 17, Folder 4

3150-3199

Box 17, Folder 5

3200-3214

Box 17, Folder 6

3215-3252

Box 17, Folder 7

3253-3299

 

3.3 USSR 1973-1986

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, memoranda, and background information (articles, papers, and other publications), in approximately chronological order. The file begins with correspondence and reports from Edward Ginzton (who was born in Ukraine) from 1973, as well as Ginzton’s “Some Notes on a Trip to Russia” from 1974. Packard’s first trip was in 1976, and subsequent communication is largely business, scientific and government trip and meeting coordination, notably with licensing agency Licensintorg, and the US-USSR Trade & Economic Council. In early 1980 (around 3300-3364), following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, U.S. trade embargos extended to the suspension of high technology export licenses, and there is a great deal of correspondence concerning this. The files contain much information about the exchange of scientific knowledge, expertise, and technology with Russia, as well as articles about industrial espionage and spying. Related information can be found in Packard’s National Academy of Science panel files under Series 8.
Box 35, Folder 1

indexes

Box 18, Folder 1

0700-0799

Box 18, Folder 2

0900-0999

Box 18, Folder 3

1000-1029

Box 19, Folder 1

1030-1099

Box 19, Folder 2

1100-1199

Box 19, Folder 3

1200-1299

Box 19, Folder 4

1300-1359

Box 20, Folder 1

1360-1399

Box 20, Folder 2

1400-1459

Box 20, Folder 3

1460-1499

Box 20, Folder 4

1500-1539

Box 20, Folder 5

1540-1599

Box 21, Folder 1

1600-1629

Box 21, Folder 2

1630-1699

Box 21, Folder 3

1700-1799

Box 21, Folder 4

1800-1859

Box 22, Folder 1

1860-1899

Box 22, Folder 2

1900-1959

Box 22, Folder 3

1960-1999

Box 22, Folder 4

2000-2079

Box 23, Folder 1

2080-2099

Box 23, Folder 2

2100-2139

Box 23, Folder 3

2140-2199

Box 24, Folder 1

2200-2299

Box 24, Folder 2

2300-2359

Box 24, Folder 3

2360-2399

Box 24, Folder 4

2400-2449

Box 25, Folder 1

2450-2499

Box 25, Folder 2

2500-2549

Box 25, Folder 3

2550-2599

Box 25, Folder 4

2600-2639

Box 25, Folder 5

2640-2699

Box 25, Folder 6

2700-2746

Box 26, Folder 1

2747-2799

Box 26, Folder 2

2800-2849

Box 26, Folder 3

2850-2899

Box 26, Folder 4

2900-2939

Box 26, Folder 5

2940-2949

Box 27, Folder 1

3000-3059

Box 27, Folder 2

3060-3099

Box 27, Folder 3

3100-3139

Box 27, Folder 4

3140-3199

Box 28, Folder 1

3200-3299

Box 28, Folder 2

3300-3364

Box 28, Folder 3

3365-3399

Box 28, Folder 4

3400-3459

Box 29, Folder 1

3460-3499

Box 29, Folder 2

3500-3554

Box 29, Folder 3

3555-3599

Box 30, Folder 1

3600-3649

Box 30, Folder 2

3650-3699

Box 30, Folder 3

3700-3730

Box 30, Folder 4

3731-3799

Box 31, Folder 1

3800-3899

Box 31, Folder 2

3900-3949

Box 31, Folder 3

3950-3999

Box 31, Folder 4

4000-4042

Box 32, Folder 1

4043-4099

Box 32, Folder 2

4100-4149

Box 32, Folder 3

4150-4199

Box 32, Folder 4

4200-4264

Box 32, Folder 5

4265-4299

Box 33, Folder 1

4300-4364

Box 33, Folder 2

4365-4399

Box 33, Folder 3

4400-4458

Box 33, Folder 4

4459-4499

Box 33, Folder 5

4500-4554

Box 34, Folder 1

4555-4599

Box 34, Folder 2

4600-4619

Box 34, Folder 3

4620-4659

Box 34, Folder 4

4660-4759

Box 34

A.A. Sokolov, I.M. Ternov. Reliativistskii Elektron (Moscow, 1974). [Inscribed to Packard by Ternov] 1965

Language of Material: Russian
 

4. Varian subject files

Scope and Content Note

includes numbered "USA Document" files.

Processing/Project Information

Two original alphabetical series interfiled due to similar content. "Correspondence," "History" and "Varian" were pulled and placed in their own series, along with other relevant material.
Box 35, Folder 2

USA - Document Index

Box 35, Folder 3

Activity Reports 1984-1986

Box 35, Folder 4

Archiving

Box 35, Folder 5

Artificial Intelligence

Box 35, Folder 6

Biotechnology

Box 35, Folder 7

Budget 1984-1986

Box 35, Folder 8

Bulow, George (Consultant)

Box 36, Folder 1

Cancer

Box 36, Folder 2

Cancer Eye Papers

Box 36, Folder 3

Carcinogens

Box 36, Folder 4

Computer Services

Box 36, Folder 5

CVA Market Research Report 1973

Box 36, Folder 6

Dehmelt, Hans - Correspondence, Reprints, etc.

Box 36, Folder 7

Endorphins

Box 36, Folder 8

Energy - Transparencies, Related Papers

Box 37, Folder 1

EPR

Box 37, Folder 2

Export

Box 37, Folder 3

Fluorescent Instrumentation

Box 37, Folder 4

Fourier Spectroscopy

Box 37, Folder 5

Goldstein, Avram - Reprints [see also Addiction Research Foundation]

Box 37, Folder 5

Good RF Practices Committee

Box 37, Folder 6

Gordon Research Conference 1978-08

Box 37, Folder 7

Gravimeter

Box 38, Folder 1

Gyrotons

Box 38, Folder 2

Hoffman - La Roche

Box 38, Folder 3

Hyde, Jim - Correspondence, etc.

Box 38, Folder 4

Hyperthermia

Box 38, Folder 5

In Vivo NMR 1

Box 38, Folder 6

In Vivo NMR 2

Box 39, Folder 1

In Vivo NMR 3

Box 39, Folder 2

In Vivo NMR 4

Box 39, Folder 3

Ion Cyclotron Resonance (ICR)

Box 39, Folder 4

Josephson Effects

Box 39, Folder 5

Lasers

Box 39, Folder 6

Laser Annealing

Box 40, Folder 1

Laser Induction Ionization

Box 40, Folder 2

LC/NMR

Box 40, Folder 3

Logit (Sylva)

Box 40, Folder 4

Magnetometer Project - VACL 1975-1976

Box 40, Folder 5

Magnets

Box 40, Folder 6

Mass Spectroscopy 1967

Box 40, Folder 7

Mass Spectroscopy/Gas Chromatography 1969

Box 40, Folder 8

Microfilm

Physical Description: 3 microfilm reel(s)
Box 40, Folder 9

Microwave Reprints

Box 40, Folder 10

Miscellaneous

Box 41, Folder 1

Miscellaneous [unfiled]

Box 41, Folder 2

Miscellaneous [unfiled]

Box 41, Folder 3

Molecular Computation in Catalytic Copolymer Networks - H.H. Pattee 1968-1971

Box 41, Folder 4

Multinationals 1971

Box 41, Folder 5

NAS Study [See also Panel on Scientific Communication and National Security]

Box 41, Folder 6

National Bureau of Standards (NBS)

Box 41, Folder 7

Neopterin

Box 42, Folder 1

Networking

Box 42, Folder 2

NIH Workshops on Technology in Support of Biomedical Research 1981

Box 42, Folder 3

NMR Imaging - Memos, Meetings

Box 42, Folder 4

NMR Imaging - Articles, Preprints, Reprints 1

Box 42, Folder 5

NMR Imaging - Articles, Preprints, Reprints 2

Box 42, Folder 6

NMR Imaging - Talk 1978-08-23

Box 43, Folder 1

NMR Logging

Box 43, Folder 2

NMR Strategy

Box 43, Folder 3

NMR Study Material 1981

Box 43, Folder 4

NMR Study - Comments on BAH Presentation by MEP

Box 43, Folder 5

Oligonucleotide Machine

Box 43, Folder 6

Perseus (R. Weyhrauch)

Box 43, Folder 7

Post-Industrial Society 1971-1973

Box 43, Folder 8

Post's Flywheel

Box 44, Folder 1

Product Evaluation 1970

Box 44, Folder 2

Productivity

Box 44, Folder 3

Program Exchange, TI - PPX-52 Membership

Box 44, Folder 4

Research and Development

Box 44, Folder 5

Simplex

Box 44, Folder 6

Smithsonian Institute

Box 44, Folder 7

Superconducting 1970-1974

Box 44, Folder 7

Syva

Box 44, Folder 8

Talks

Box 45, Folder 1

Thoughts

Box 45, Folder 2

Tragedy of the Commons 1968

Box 45, Folder 3

Transferred Products 1969

Box 45, Folder 4

UCSF Talk 1985-10-24

Box 45, Folder 5

UCSF Talk 1986-10-30

Box 45, Folder 6

Universities

Box 45, Folder 7

X-Ray

Box 45, Folder 8

X-Ray Lithography - Synchrotron Radiation

Box 45, Folder 9

X-Ray Microscopy

 

5. Varian history 1959-1990

Scope and Content Note

includes numbered "USA Document" files.
Box 46, Folder 1

Varian History - USA Files 1

Box 46, Folder 2

Varian History - USA Files 2

Box 46, Folder 3

Varian History - USA Files 3

Box 47, Folder 1

Varian History- USA Files [unfiled]

Box 46, Folder 4

Support For Fellows History [1990]

Box 46, Folder 5

Opinion of Fellows [1990]

Box 47, Folder 2

NMR Publication. JTA, WA, JNS, ER, RF

Box 47, Folder 3

Varian Oral History Project [1989]

Box 47, Folder 4

Photographs - Optical Pumping Apparatus

Box 47, Folder 5

Photographs - 1950s

Box 47, Folder 6

Photographs - Varian NMR Reception At Stanford 1983-09

Box 47, Folder 7

Photographs - miscellaneous

Box 47, Folder 8

Photographs - Varian Story material

Box 47, Folder 9

The Varian Story research material - Varian Newsletter photocopies

Box 48, Folder 1

The Varian Story research material

Box 48, Folder 2

The Varian Story [Martin Packard] 1980

Box 48, Folder 3

Talk on Russ and Sig [with research material]

Box 48, Folder 4

Russell H. Varian

Box 48, Folder 5

Russell Varian Papers - 1950s

Physical Description: 13 folder(s)

Scope and Content Note

Conclusions on X-13 Grid Cooling -- Consideration of Optimum Design of X-Band Amplifier -- Considerations On Klystron Grids -- Hybrid Velocity Grouped Tubes -- An Idea Utilizing Klystron Type Tubes For Amplification of Signals of Lower Frequency, Such as TV Signals -- Iron Reduction -- Merit of Metals For Klystron Snozzles -- A Method of Geophysical Prospecting -- Novel Radar System for Simultaneously Displaying Doppler and Range Information -- Nuclear Induction Excerpts from Notebook 1946-1951 (2 folders) -- Nuclear Induction Apparatus, Draft of Tech Proposals 1948-1951 -- Paramagnetic Resonance Type of FM System, Patentable Ideas -- Patent Disclosures [most were reviewed in 1964 and contain a note stating "No interest"].
 

6. Varian miscellaneous business files

Box 54, Folder 4

Organizational Charts 1987-1988

Box 54, Folder 5

Planning 1967-1987

Box 54, Folder 6

Instrument Group Strategic Plan 1981-1985

Box 54, Folder 7

project discussion forms

Box 55, Folder 1

Profit Impact of Marketing Strategy (Marketing Science Institute) (1)

Box 55, Folder 2

Profit Impact of Marketing Strategy (Marketing Science Institute) (2)

Box 55, Folder 3

Meetings With ELG 1982-1989

Scope and Content Note

Edward Ginzton, who was part of the company from its inception, was Varian’s Chairman of the Board following Russell’s death in 1959. As Assistant to Board Chairman, Packard met with him regularly, and they continued to meet following Ginzton's retirement in 1984. These agendas, largely concerning Varian business in the USSR and China, are annotated by Packard. There are also related agendas in the Varian history series.
Box 55, Folder 4

Cassette Files [ROI forecasts on computer printouts] 1972-1974

Box 55, Folder 5

Expense Reports 1967-1979

Box 56, Folder 1

Expense Reports 1980-1989

Box 56, Folder 2

Map

Box 56, Folder 3

X-Ray Tube Failure Analysis [computer printout] 1980

Box 56, Folder 4

Schedule for Visit of USSR Delegation [computer printout] 1977-03-17

Box 56, Folder 5

Castle Rock

Box 56, Folder 6

Magazine list (MEP to Library) 1978

Box 56, Folder 7

Chinese scientists at Varian 1987

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and documents related to two Chinese scientists (Lu Guo and Lin Bin Sheng of Dalian) working and studying in the United States, as well as negotations for a trip to China by Packard.
Box 56, Folder 8

Varian - 25 Years [pamphlet]

Box 56, Folder 9

Your Future With Varian [pamphlet]

 

7. Palo Alto Capital Company 1967-1975

Scope and Content Note

In the late 1960s, Varian Associates, and Edward Ginzton in particular, had an interest in assisting “members of minorities to establish and expand successful small business in the mid-Peninsula area,” and founded a Minority Enterprise Small Business Investment Company (MESBIC) to that end. Varian’s Minority Employment Committee worked with the Stanford-Mid-Peninsula Urban Coalition in setting up an SBIC that would also coordinate volunteer business consultation and management development, in addition to providing loans. The Palo Alto Capital Company, founded in October 1969, was the second MESBIC in country. PACC merged with Opportunity Capital Corporation of San Francisco in 1974, with Martin Packard representing Varian on their Board of Directors.
Box 65, Folder 1

MESBICs, ELG 1969-1970

Box 65, Folder 2

American Association of MESBICS Annual Conference - Position Papers 1975-10

Box 65, Folder 3

Minority Employment Committee 1967-1969

Box 65, Folder 4

Palo Alto Capital Company 1969-1975

Box 65, Folder 5

Palo Alto Capital Company. Schedule "A," Arcata

 

8. Other organizations

 

8.1. Addiction Research Foundation (ARF) 1974-1989

Scope and Content Note

The Addiction Research Foundation was a nonprofit research clinic devoted to the study of addictive diseases, formed by Avram Goldstein, a professor of pharmacology at Stanford University School of Medicine who advocated for the recognition of addiction as a behavioral disorder. Goldstein was one of the discoverers of endorphins, in part because of the work he was able to accomplish at the Foundation. Goldstein was a consultant to Varian-related company Syva prior to the Addiction Research Foundation, and Packard was on the ARF Board of Directors from the beginning. Varian also sold the group some analytical instruments. The Foundation originally offered experimental treatment of heroin addicts, and later studied nicotine addiction and the development of non-addictive pain-killers. The collection only contains organizational records, and no medical or scientific data is present.
Box 61, Folder 8

General 1970s

Box 62, Folder 5

Organization and Policies 1974-1977

Box 61, Folder 4

Fundraising 1977-1985

Box 61, Folder 5

Executive Committee 1979

Box 61, Folder 6

Stanford Affiliation 1976-1986

Box 61, Folder 7

Loan Guaranty Proposal 1979

Box 62, Folder 4

General 1980-1984

Box 62, Folder 6

Litigation 1980

Box 62, Folder 2

Patents 1984-1985

Box 61, Folder 3

General 1985-1986

Box 62, Folder 3

Board of Directors 1985-1987

Box 62, Folder 1

Symposium 1987-1988

Box 61, Folder 1

Closing

Box 61, Folder 2

Trust 1987-1988

 

8.2. Panel on Scientific Communication and National Security (National Academy of Sciences) 1982

Box 66, Folder 1

Draft Report 1982-08-18

Box 66, Folder 2

Draft Report 1982-09-07

Box 66, Folder 3

Appendices 1982-09-07

Box 66, Folder 4

Working Papers

Box 66, Folder 5

misc. articles and papers

Box 62, Folder 6

meeting materials [papers, memos, draft documents] 1982-07

 

8.3. Panel on the Impact of National Security Controls on International Technology Transfer (National Academies of Sciences and Engineering Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy) 1986

Box 65, Folder 6

4th and 5th Meeting Summaries 1986

Box 65, Folder 7

misc. documents 1985-1986

Box 65, Folder 8

Does the Russian Ethos Affect Technological Information Transfer? (MEP)

Box 65, Folder 9

working papers 1986-03

Box 67, Folder 1

working papers 1986-04

Box 67, Folder 2

Analysis of the Effects of U.S. National Security Controls on U.S.-Headquartered Industrial Firms 1986-07-10

 

8.4. Vega Biotechnologies 1982-1985

Scope and Content Note

Packard was on the Board of Directors for this Arizona-based company which had connections to Varian.
Box 63, Folder 1

Prospectus

Box 63, Folder 2

Form 10-K and Proxy Statement

Box 63, Folder 3

Board of Directors

Box 63, Folder 4

Vega (1)

 

9. Instrument brochures

Box 56, Folder 10

Varian product brochures

Box 57, Folder 1

Varian brochures - Spectrometers, NMR

Box 57, Folder 2

Varian brochures - Chromatographs

Box 57, Folder 3

Instrument Study Brochures (Non-Varian)

 

10. Articles and papers 1981-1982

Box 63, Folder 8

scientific instrument articles, advertisements [clippings and photocopies]

Box 64, Folder 1

articles, papers, other publications

 

11. Packard papers, presentations, etc.

Box 60, Folder 1

miscellaneous speeches, papers

Box 60, Folder 2

Instruments as Peripherals

Box 60, Folder 3

Packard/Rempel - Rubidium Vapor Frequency Standards 1961

Box 60, Folder 4

Free Nuclear Precession Magnetomter 1956

Box 60, Folder 5

Publications 1946-1962

Box 60, Folder 6

Good RF and Microwave Practices at Varian 1982-01-18

Box 60, Folder 7

Good RF transparencies

Box 60, Folder 8

A Study of The Future of NMR At Vartian 1981-10-01

Box 60, Folder 9

Transfer of Technological Information 1982-05-25

Box 63, Folder 6

Deposition. Sinclair Oil Corporation vs. Union Oil Company / Hiroca Corporation vs. Union Oil Company 1969-01-09

Box 63, Folder 5

Deposition. Perkin-Elmer Corporation vs. Varian Associates, Inc. 1985-09-11

Box 63, Folder 7

William Hodge (personal) 1972-1984

 

12. Notebooks, calendar planners, business cards

Box 57, Folder 4

Planners 1956, 1961, 1962

Box 57, Folder 5

Planners 1975-1980

Box 58, Folder 1

Planners 1981-1984

Box 58, Folder 2

Planners 1985-1988

Box 58, Folder 3

Notebooks

Box 58, Folder 4

Notebooks 1960-1964

Box 59, Folder 1

Notebooks, Business Cards

Box 59, Folder 2

Notebooks [travel and business] 1972, 1978-1986

 

13. Audiovisual material

Physical Description: [2 videocasettes ; 1 audiocassette ; one photograph]
Box 67, Folder 3

A Valley Changes The World. H.P. Born. Swiss Radio. Fall 1983

Physical Description: 1 audiocassette(s) BASF LH super I. 120 minute
Box 67, Folder 4

Dr. Bloch. M. Packard

Physical Description: 1 videotape(s) (VHS) Scotch T-120
Box 67, Folder 5

Varian Associates. Video Marketing Program. Circa 1985

Physical Description: 1 videotape(s) (U-matic) dub
Box 67, Folder 6

Chemical Show, Beijing. Lu Peichang 1988-10

Physical Description: 1 photoprint(s)
 

14. Tubes and other machine parts

Physical Description: 6 Item(s)

Scope and Content Note

Vacuum tubes from Varian and Westinghouse (although Packard worked at the latter, these tubes may date from after his time there), as well as a possible vacuum cavity from Westinghouse and other unidentified tubes or parts.
Box 68

[unidentified]

Technical Details

no markings, approx. 1.5" long. red band, striated glass or plastic. plug on one end. in tiny box labeled "delicate handle with care"
Box 68

[unidentified]

Technical Details

no markings except "licensed only to extent indicated on carton." 5" long, octal (introduced 1935). all black. partly connected by springs and screws. nozzle on side. possibly a prototype
Box 68

Westinghouse 1B24

Technical Details

D85223 [stamped]] ; [anchor stamp]. [on envelope: RBC ; LF3895 ; B56A6 ; 1648]
Box 68

Westinghouse WL-1Q22 [vacuum cavity]

Technical Details

US [anchor stamp]. 113,337 [stamped] ; 109039 [engraved] "X-band, fixed frequency vacuum cavity: 9250MHz resonating frequency, 1900 to 2400 unloaded Q. Flanged waveguide connections. Used to stabilize the frequency of the klystron local oscillator in radar receivers."
Box 68

Varian JAN-1B24A tube [top part, glass]

Technical Details

Co60. 7232
Box 68

Varian JAN-1B24A tube [bottom part, metal]