Title:River Landscape with Fisherman in Boat
Creator:Wang Hui; Yun Shou-p'ing (Yun Shouping)
h: Keng-yen san-jen, Ch'ing-hui chu-jen, Chien-men ch'iao-k'o, Niao-mu shan-jen
Wang Hui was from a family of professional painters from Ch'ang-shu, Chiangsu province. He was the third of the "Four Wangs" (Wang Shih-min, Wang Chien, Wang Hui, and Wang Yüan-chi) and one of the "Six Great Masters of the Ch'ing" (with the Four Wangs, Yün Shou-p'ing, and Wu Li). Often referred to as members of the Orthodox Tradition, these artists followed the great critic and painter Tung Ch'i-ch'ang in his reliance on the great past masters. They are typically placed in contrast to painters who were more independent and thus known as the Individualists.
Wang Hui's talent was recognized early and he was brought into an important circle of painters, connoisseurs, and collectors by Wang Chien and Wang Shih-min. Through these associations he was able to see many fine painting collections and in some instances was able to copy masterpieces, one of the major tools for learning the works of the masters. He became one of the most prolific of the early Ch'ing painters.
Known as the greatest flower painter of his time, Yun Shou-p'ing was from Wu-chin, Chiangsu province. He was a contemporary of Wang Hui and Wang Yüan-chi, two of the greatest landscape painters of the time (the three are among the "Six Great Masters of the Ch'ing). His family situation was similar to theirs in that he was the son of a Ming loyalist and so did not choose to serve as an official under the Ch'ing dynasty. Instead he studied painting with his uncle and made his living as a painter.