Hanging scroll, ink on silk
h 33 -3/4 x w 20 inches
h: Lu-ch'un or Lu-tun
Ma Wan was a follower of Tung Yüan, Mi Fu, and the Yüan master Huang Kung-wang. He adopted the philosophy of Huang and other
Yüan masters of using landscape painting as a means of self-expression. Although possessing a classical education, as a loyalist
he chose reclusion away from society rather than serve the foreign reign of the Mongols. On their demise in 1368 he returned
to civil service under the Hong-wu emperor. This loyal and upright attitude pervaded much of Yüan period painting circles.